4 Shape Boundaries Floor 1 1- Popliteal Surface of Femur 2 2- Back of the Capsule of Knee Joint3- Popliteus Muscle & Fascia3Vertical Sectional View
5 1- Posterior Cutaneous Nerve of Thigh ShapeBoundariesFloorRoofSkinSuperficial Fascia* End of Small Saphenous Vein *Medial Cutaneous Nerves of Thigh *Lateral Cutaneous Nerves of CalfDeep FasciaPierced by :1- Posterior Cutaneous Nerve of Thigh122- Small Saphenous Vein
6 Shape Boundaries Floor Roof Contents In Addition to Diagram * Genicular Branch of Posterior Division of Obturator Nerve* Popliteal Lymph nodes* Popliteal Fat
7 Contents to Be Discussed Popliteal ArteryPopliteal VeinLateral Popliteal NerveMedial Popliteal Nerve
9 Popliteal Artery Floor of the fossa Origin Termination continuation of femoral arteryTerminationCourse & Relationsdeepest structure in the popliteal fossaDeep Relations :Floor of the fossapasses downward and laterally from the upper medial boundary of the fossa downward to the inferior angleSuperficial RelationsUpper : semimembranosusMiddle : Medial Popliteal N & Popliteal VLower : Gastrocnemius
11 Anastomosis Around Knee Joint 1-GENICULAR BRANCHES OF POPLITEAL ARTERY .2- BRANCHES FROM FEMORAL ARTERY.3-BRANCHES FROM ANT &POST TIBIAL ARTERIES .
12 Contents to Be Discussed Popliteal ArteryPopliteal Vein
13 Small Saphenous Vein 5 Genicular Veins Muscular Veins Popliteal VeinOriginAt lower border of Popliteus by Venae Comitantes of Ant & Post Tibial a .TerminationContinue as Femoral V .TributariesSmall Saphenous Vein 5 Genicular Veins Muscular Veins
14 Contents to Be Discussed Lateral Popliteal Nerve Popliteal ArteryPopliteal VeinLateral Popliteal Nerve
15 Lateral Popliteal Nerve (Common Peroneal Nerve) L4,5 & S1,2OriginLateral & smaller of the 2 terminal branches of Sciatic NerveCourse & Relations1- enter fossa through its upper angel lateral to medial popliteal NTermination2- descend downward laterally along medial border of Biceps Femoris Muscle3- leave fossa through lateral angel4- descend behind head of fibula curve around its neck inside substance of Peroneus Longus Muscle
16 Lateral Popliteal Nerve (Common Peroneal Nerve) BranchesL4,5 & S1,2Lateral Popliteal NerveCutaneousArticularSural Communicating NerveSuperior Lateral GenicularLateral Cutaneous Nerve of the CalfInferior Lateral GenicularRecurrent Genicular- Arise near end of the nerve - Pierce upper part of Tibialis AnteriorMuscular-Ascend through substance of Extensor Digitorum LongusNo Muscular Branches in the FossaSupply Short head of Biceps Femoris in the back of the thigh
17 Contents to Be Discussed Popliteal ArteryPopliteal VeinLateral Popliteal NerveMedial Popliteal Nerve
18 Medial Popliteal Nerve (Tibial Nerve) L4,5 & S1,2,3OriginMedial Terminal Branch of Sciatic NerveTerminationCourseBecome Posterior Tibial NerveRelation with Vessels : Lateral Superficial MedialCoverings : - Upper part : Hamestring - Lower Part : Gastrocnemius- Enter through Upper Angle- Most Superficial Structure-Leave through Lower Angle
20 Sural Nerve* Descends in the groove between 2 heads of Gastrocnemius by short saphenous nerve.* In the lower 1/3 of the leg, it is joined by the Sural Communicating branch of lateral popliteal nerve* It runs behind & below the lateral malleolus then forward along the lateral border of the foot.* It supplies the skin of the lower 1/3 of the back of the leg & lateral border of the foot & little toe.