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How to operate virtual power plant. How it Works. © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company
Board of Directors Chairman: Atsutoshi NISHIDA President & CEO Mr. Hisao TANAKA Cloud solutions company Energy & Infrastructur e group Community Solutions group Healthcare systems & Services group Electronic Devices & Components group Lifestyle products & Services group Company name:cyberGRID Headquarters :Vienna, Austria Ownership:76% Toshiba Corporation Division:Community solutions division cyberGRID introduction © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company State of the art technology for “pooling” demand response, distributed generation and storage capacity Developer and deployer of VPP/DR solutions for Utilities
Total energy management solutions Gridstream AMI..and Smart Market For Smart Grid… © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company
Transforming energy sector Fundamental forces © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company “Asset value”“Energy value” Increasing share of renewables Aging infrastructure Public resistance against new projects Growing demand Environmental Issues New markets & needs New technologies New market roles
How it works? © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Demand Response...by optimizing their energy use......while IT enables operation with real time data......to pool capacity and......participate in markets or balance the grid... Demand response Distributed generation Storage Steel mills Foundries Paper Plants Shopping Malls Glass and Ceramics Manufacturers Chemical Industries Hospitality I&C customers can adapt behavior......for each industries receive compensation...
© cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Demand response products Long-term products Intraday products t Upward energy 5‘‘15‘‘’30‘‘ 24h Downward energy SR Tertiary reserve Intraday products Long-term products Limited number of loads capable of constant automatic swithing Tertiary reserve most suitable for DR, however question of sufficient payments (GE) Increasing energy efficiency by avoiding peak consumption System prediction and optimization capabilities enable up-to a week reliable products Both, upward and downward products are enabled Value for DRES integration
Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Baseline calculation fitted to generators Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Baseline calculation fitted to generators Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Needed ability to replace resources within activation Opening capacity markets in 2016 Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Needed ability to replace resources within activation Opening capacity markets in 2016 Market for DR opened in 2013, existing barriers are 24/7 availability, long-term contracting Market for DR opened in 2013, existing barriers are 24/7 availability, long-term contracting Low energy prices hinder DR Opening capacity markets in 2018 Complex bidding on SR Low energy prices hinder DR Opening capacity markets in 2018 Complex bidding on SR Markets for DR opens in Summer 2014 Markets for DR opens in Summer 2014 Complex tendering rules Low prices hinders large scale DR Low prices hinders large scale DR Demand Response accross Europe © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Repeated pattern of regulatory barriers –regulation fitted to generator, based on historical needs Unfriendly regulatory framework- Strong TSO load reduction programs Unfriendly regulatory framework- Strong TSO load reduction programs Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Minimum size 4 MW hinders participation Tender requirements mostly adjusted to DR Minimum size 4 MW hinders participation Contracting for 1 year period hinders participation of small players Contracting for 1 year period hinders participation of small players
Intraday market Vattenfall, Germany >80 connected loads >54 automatically switchable loads Vattenfall, Germany Getting knowledge about: DR issuses Aggregation behaviour of small and mid-sized loads Communication data for system architecture German markets: „Minuten reserve“ market: Daily tenders 15 min product, 4 h duration Low prices Investment insecurity hinders DR No negative impacts on customer devices occurred. Importance of negative DR for high DRES integration Local storage capacities realized by DR are a huge benefit for power systems especially where wind power became the dominating power © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Results: Intraday market Day-ahead market
Elektro Ljubljana, Slovenia Elektro Ljubljana Group has established southeast Europe's first virtual power plant. Elektro Ljubljana, Slovenia Delivering 12 MW of VPP capacity for tertiary reserve purposes 100 % availability of peaking positive and negative capacity Load curtailment + distributed generation Customers: Steel mills, Foundries, Paper Plants, Shopping Malls, Glass and Ceramics Manufacturers, Chemical Industries © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company ELES Elektro Ljubljana Commerical & industrial prosumers cyberGRID VPP Elektro Ljubljana
Baseline Measured consumption Supplied capacity Activation start Activation stop © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Example of Elektro Ljubljana tertiary reserve product Contract Yearly bilateral contract with the TSO Yearly testing of newly introduced capacity Aggregator part of balancing group Energy fee & Capacity fee Product 15 min response time Max. number of activations: 2 per day Unavailability time after activation max. 10 hours Maximum time of activation max. 2 hours 24/7 availability Experiences Real life activations started in November, 2013 On average 3 activations per month Elektro Ljubljana VPP is successuflly providing capacity Expansion of capacity planned for new tender Real life activation (November, 2013)
© cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company Complex contracting hinders DR Pool allows aggregation Minum bid size (1 MW) Duration of the product (2 h) Activation time (15 min) Availability requirements Enabling Demand Reponse 1. Reasonable tender requirements 3. Mechanism for aggregation accross balance groups Allowing assymetric bidding Positive and negative products Ability to replace resources within activation Shorter contracting periods enable smaller players Baseline measurement methodology 2. Prices and products enabling investment security
Customers, Partners, Projects EDRC European demand response center; project coordinator eBADGE Pan European inteligent balancing mechanism; technical coordinator cyberPRICE Dynamic pricing mechanism: TOU/CPP/RTP; Project coordinator evolvDSO Efficient DRES integration in distribution networks hybrid-VPP4DSO Intelligent load management for distribution network Customers Partners Projects © cyberGRID 2014 – A TOSHIBA Group Company
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