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EC102: CLASS 5 Christina Ammon. Overview  Collect Problem Set  Can also leave in pigeon hole until 5pm sharp (or email)  Will go over parts next week.

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Presentation on theme: "EC102: CLASS 5 Christina Ammon. Overview  Collect Problem Set  Can also leave in pigeon hole until 5pm sharp (or email)  Will go over parts next week."— Presentation transcript:

1 EC102: CLASS 5 Christina Ammon

2 Overview  Collect Problem Set  Can also leave in pigeon hole until 5pm sharp (or )  Will go over parts next week in class  Today: Quiz 5 Continue with cost minimisation Start on the price taking firm

3 Question 1  Consider a firm that employs robots and workers. If the wage increases and the firm wants to keep the level of production unchanged, it will hire: More workers and more robots More workers and fewer robots Fewer workers and fewer robots Fewer workers and more robots

4 Question 1

5 Question 2  A car company employs robots and workers to produce 200 cars per day. Its R&D department invents a new technology that makes both robots and workers more efficient. As a result, the x 200 -isoquant: Shifts towards the origin Shifts away from the origin Is unaffected Is affected in an unpredictable way

6 Question 2

7 Question 3  Point e 1 corresponds the efficient combination of workers and robots because it entails: the lowest opportunity cost of all input combinations the lowest marginal cost of all input combinations the lowest opportunity cost of those input combinations that can be used to produce 200 cars the lowest marginal revenue of those input combinations that can be used to produce 200 cars

8 Question 3  Isoquant= All combination of inputs that yield the same output  Isocosts All combination of inputs that yield the same economic costs  Point e1 – the combination of inputs on the isoquant that costs the least in economic terms  i.e. the combination of inputs that yield output of 200 and has the lowest opportunity cost  What is the optimality condition again? MRTS=w/r MP L /MP K =w/r

9 Question 4  In the long run, if the total cost function exhibits economies, diseconomies or no effect of scale, the associated long run average cost curve is respectively: Upward sloping, downward sloping or flat Flat, upward sloping or downward sloping Downward sloping, upward sloping or flat Upward sloping, flat or downward sloping

10 Question 4

11 The price taking firm  What determines a firm’s optimal choice of output? MR=MC  What is market power Market power is the firm’s ability to affect the price at which it sells its output or buys its inputs Price taking firm = no market power  How is a firm’s market power related to the elasticity of demand? How does elasticity affect the shape of the demand curve? What is the relationship between MR and elasticity? MR=(1-1/e)*p What happens to MR=MC if e goes towards infinity?

12 Question 5  A price-taking firm chooses its actions under the assumption that: it can influence the prices of the output that it sells or the inputs that it buys it cannot influence the prices of the output that it sells or the inputs that it buys it cannot influence the prices of the output that it sells but can influence the prices of the inputs that it buys it can influence the prices of the output that it sells but cannot influence the prices of the inputs that it buys

13 Question 6  The shutdown rule implies that a price-taking firm is better off discontinuing its operations if for all output levels: Marginal revenue is below total cost Marginal cost is below marginal revenue Average cost is below average revenue Average revenue is below average cost

14 Question 6

15 Question 7  A price-taking firm’s long-run supply curve coincides with: its long-run marginal cost curve below its long-run average cost curve its long-run average cost curve above its long-run marginal cost curve its long-run average cost curve below its long-run marginal cost curve its long-run marginal cost curve above its long-run average cost curve

16 Question 7

17 Question 8  “The marginal output rule provides one way of calculating the profit-maximising output level, but the factor-hiring rule provides another. Thus, they lead to inconsistent levels of output be produced.” This statement is: False True

18 Question 8  What is the marginal output rule?  What is the marginal factor rule?  Are they equivalent? - YES  The factor-hiring rule: MRP = MFC.  And we know that MRP = MPP × MR,  => MPP × MR = MFC  The marginal output rule: MR = MC.  And MC = MFC/MPP  => MR = MFC/MPP

19 Question 9 “No one was responsible for the great Wall Street crash. No one engineered the speculation that preceded it. Both were the product of free choice and decision of hundreds of thousands of individuals.” (John Kenneth Galbraith)


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