Presentation on theme: "Hurricane Katrina: Displaced Single Mothers, Resource Acquisition, and Downward Mobility Jennifer Tobin-Gurley, M.A. Lori Peek, Ph.D Department of Sociology."— Presentation transcript:
Hurricane Katrina: Displaced Single Mothers, Resource Acquisition, and Downward Mobility Jennifer Tobin-Gurley, M.A. Lori Peek, Ph.D Department of Sociology Colorado State University
Hurricane Katrina Loss and Displacement Damaged 90,000 square miles of U.S. coast, killed ~1,800, and caused $100 billion in losses Forced relocation of 1.2 million people Displaced to Colorado 14,000 in Colorado Social Context Half of the displaced from New Orleans Evacuees more likely to be minorities, economically disenfranchised, and living in inferior housing prior to the storm, with the poorest families ending up the farthest from the Gulf.
Why Single Mothers? 13.6 million single parents raising 21.2 million children in the U.S. 84% single mothers 16% single fathers Number of single mother headed households rising in the U.S. Single mothers have the least economic resources
Percentage of Families Below the Poverty Threshold White Black Asian Hispanic Married Couple Male Headed Female Headed
Percentage of Female-Headed Families with Children under 18
Pre-Katrina New Orleans: Women in Poverty All Women White Black Female- Headed
Theoretical Background Gender and Vulnerability to Disaster Power relationships greatly influence preparation for and recovery from disaster Pre-disaster social issues parallel post-disaster issues Women-headed households are the most vulnerable Gender and Hurricane Katrina Women and children of color were the most affected, but received the least attention Downward Mobility Loss of social and economic status following disaster
Research Objectives 1)Resources provided by relief agencies. 2)Resources needed by single mothers. 1)Resources accessed by single mothers.
Research Design Post-Disaster Research Qualitative Methods Data Collection Settings: Fort Collins, Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo Participants: 15 disaster relief providers, 8 single mothers Gaining Entrée Data Analysis
Disaster Assistance in Colorado Needs and Resources Provided Shelter and Housing Food Transportation Employment Childcare and Schooling Health Care Physical Mental Additional Resources
Disaster Assistance in Colorado Challenges Bureaucracy Communication Cultural Differences Finding Evacuees Illegal Activities
Displaced Single Mothers in Colorado Needs of Single Mother Families Housing Stability Food Childcare Employment Health Care Social Networks
Downward Mobility and Resiliency Downward Mobility Finances Government Assistance Stigma Employment Social Networks Self-Evacuation Resiliency
Conclusion Recovery-Related Difficulties Unaware of public and private resources Conjunction of needs Loss of safety net Bureaucratic obstacles Mistreatment based on race, region of origin, social class, and/or household status (female-headed) Food Clothing Shelter and Housing TransportationEmployment Childcare and Schooling Healthcare