Presentation on theme: "Geospatial Technologies Used in Land Administration Kevin Daugherty Land Administration Solutions Manager Geospatial World Forum Rotterdam, Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:
Geospatial Technologies Used in Land Administration Kevin Daugherty Land Administration Solutions Manager Geospatial World Forum Rotterdam, Netherlands – May 2013
As the supply decreases, the price increases! 29% of the Earth is land mass –40% of that is wilderness –29% is desert or desert-like –9% is Antarctica –22% is agriculture –~1% is inhabited by humans 8 Billion people by 2020 40% of the Earth’s population lives within 100 kilometers of the coastline
The human footprint is expanding.
We need to manage, and to do that, we need to measure and monitor.
Positioning and Geospatial Technologies are the means to monetize and value. Measure Monitor Inventory Assess Model Analyze Manage Plan
The Foundation of Geospatial Data is the Geographic Reference System
Consisting of… Communications (cellular/radio/satellite) Network Control (Data Processing)
Land Administration Administration Transportation Public Facilities Cadastral Natural Resources Agriculture Planning Geographic Information System
Geographic knowledge is to land administrators what reading is to an individual.
Space based Imagery
Earth Bound Technologies In Use Aerial image acquisition –Digital cameras and systems –LiDAR sensors –UAS/UAV –Processing software Survey –Optical –GNSS –Mapping and GIS Scanning –Mobile –Fixed
Aerial Imagery Workflow and Technology
Commercial UAS and UAVs Mapping and surveying Light Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Compact camera New-generation of photogrammetry Vision software tools and automation
Orthophotos –Natural color –Color Infrared –5 cm resolution –2 cm accuracy (w/GCPs) Digital Surface Model (DSM) –4 cm accuracy (w/GCPs) Rapid Quality Output
For Example - Suriname Illegal Mining Land Degradation Deforestation Undocumented settlements
Survey and Data Collection The cost of labor, the value of land, may determine the method.
Options in Accuracy and Cost Features range from the utilization of a Smartphone OS and form factor; to handhelds with GNSS integration; to rugged, sunlight displays with advanced PC processors and Windows OS.
Precision Survey Units
Ground-based LiDAR Systems Laser Technology –Phase shift –976,000 points per second Range – Up to 120m Accuracy –1-2mm standard deviation Integrated color camera –Photorealistic 3D color scans –70mp parallax free color overlay
How Valuable is Land?
Land is an asset, however… Deforestation Mining Bio-Fuels Production Agriculture
What is the cost when…?
From Measure to Management… …to gains in productivity
The “Connected Farm” will transform agriculture by leveraging information everywhere in the process Annual Economic Benefits of Precision Agriculture to U.S. Crop Farming Pham et. al. 2011, The Economic Benefits of Commercial GPS Use Farm planning, mapping & management Tractor & implement, guidance & control Variable rate applications of seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides Yield mapping Increased yields Reduced input costs: Fuel, fertilizers, pesticides Reduced environmental impact Record Keeping MappingAnalysisMonitoringTopographicProductivityAccounting
Positioning and Geospatial Technology Monetized! Positioning and Geospatial technologies are expanding in capabilities and performance There are many options today for positioning, field data collection, and data processing The technology is improving accuracy and efficiency in our work places The positioning and sensor hardware is more integrated with software that collects, processes, models, analyzes the data; making the data useful and intelligent; and valuable!