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Warm up: WRITE DOWN EVERYTHING YOU KNOW ABOUT ADAPTATIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm up: WRITE DOWN EVERYTHING YOU KNOW ABOUT ADAPTATIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm up: WRITE DOWN EVERYTHING YOU KNOW ABOUT ADAPTATIONS

2 Objective: Students will describe adaptation The purpose is to know Individual organisms with certain traits are more likely than others to survive and have offspring in a specific environment

3 Adaptations- make a book What is the function of adaptations? Draw it and write definition Structure: Identify the parts: Identify the parts Interrelations hips with other systems or parts

4 Your creature Background knowledge: The world is changing dramatically. In the next 100 years the environment will be:

5 Note: In water and in space you will need to consider gravity and how that changes your creature of tomorrow. Think about different pressure pressing upon your creature and how this will change the look of your creature, it’s bones and how its fluids move throughout your creature.

6 Purpose: Demonstrate what you know about the entire unit through the creation of a creature. 1) You will capture the structure and function of all the unit areas in the graphic organizers provided. This organized knowledge will provide support when creating your creature. 2) You will chose one of the three provided environments above and reflect carefully on everything you have been taught. How can you create a creature to survive in the environment? What will they need from the following unit topics to survive; adaptations, energy, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, cells, cellular function/structure, organelles, organization of life (from atoms to organs to systems to life), human body systems, and the interdependent relationship of every area in order to be alive in your chosen environment? (You are the creator so you can mix and match anything within the unit to make your superior being.) 3) Create your creature of tomorrow. 4) Write about your creature’s unique structures and functions and why it is able to survive in your chosen environment. 5) Present your creature to a small group and possibly the entire class.

7 Exit: Describe some adaptations that can be harmful to humans and health.

8 Warm up: Draw an atom

9 Objective: Students will be able to describe an atom, it’s structure, and how it plays a roll in every day life The purpose is to know photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes by which energy is acquired and utilized by organisms

10 Atomic structure and photosynthesis

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12 Carbon Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Weight: Phase at Room Temperature: Solid Element Classification: Non-metal Period Number: 2 Group Number: 14 Group Name: no 6 C Carbon

13 Oxygen

14 Hydrogen

15 Water H20

16 Carbon dioxide

17 Experiment time An element is something that contains only one type of atom. Carbon contains only carbon atoms, Iron contains only iron atoms, and so on. These elements are important in that we all need them to survive. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6xXngYnVK8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQsI_c3F23s

18 Exit: What did each experiment tell you about atoms? What is the role of an atom?

19 Warm up: wednesday How are plants essential for human health and the health and survival of Earth’s ecosystems?

20 Objective: Students will be able to describe photosynthesis The purpose is to know photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes by which energy is acquired and utilized by organisms

21 What do you do when you are hungry? What happens when you eat candy? What happens when you eat pizza or spaghetti?

22 Constructive vs destructive forces Food chain game

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24 Photosythesis Photosynthesis converts massive amount of Sunlight into electrical and then chemical energy. The input is carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O), minerals and light, and the output is carbohydrates (food) that we need for our nourishment, and oxygen that we need to breathe

25 Demo

26 We do https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eo5XndJaz-Y Photosynthesis info for walk

27 Draw the process of photosynthesis

28 Photosynthesis walk Gallery walk

29 Warm up: Thursday What energy transformations occur in both the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration

30 Objective Students will be able to gather, analyze, and interpret data regarding the basic functions of photosynthesis and cellular respiration The purpose is to know photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes by which energy is acquired and utilized by organisms

31 Light https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUmT24R8CyA Energy: Energy can be found in a number of different forms. It can be chemical energy, electrical energy, heat (thermal energy), light (radiant energy), mechanical energy, and nuclear energy In physical science, energy means the ability to do work. Work means a change in position, speed, state, or form of matter. Therefore, energy is the capacity to change matter.

32 light is energy Atoms and molecules (which are simply bound collections of two or more atoms) can absorb light (= energy!). Flashlight demo Likewise, infrared light (= heat = energy!) wouldn't do any good in heating up your home in the winter if it didn't get absorbed by matter. Higher energy light photons, like X-rays, tend to want to plow through more matter before they get absorbed. (Hence, their use in medical imaging: they can pass through your "soft" tissue, but are more readily absorbed in your bones, which are denser.) How and why do photons get absorbed by matter?

33 The process of photosynthesis involves two stages of chemical reactions Light-dependent Reactions This is the first stage of the photosynthetic process. These reactions take place in the presence of sunlight, and use light energy from the sun to produce ATP molecules and other molecules known as NADPH. These molecules are used as the energy source to carry out the reactions in the next stage of photosynthesis. Light-independent Reactions (Calvin Cycle) In this stage, energy-containing sugar molecules are synthesized. The ATP and NADPH produced in stage I are used to fuel the reactions in this stage. Here, CO2 molecules are broken down and converted into sugars and other compounds. The Calvin Cycle is repeated twice in order to yield one molecule of glucose. Read more at Buzzle: respiration.htmlhttp://www.buzzle.com/articles/photosynthesis-and-cellular- respiration.html

34 Since the absorbed photon had a specific energy, this absorption occurs at a specific wavelength in the spectrum

35 Leaf Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlight through photosynthesis) and store it in the chemical bonds of carbohydrate molecules The principal carbohydrate formed through photosynthesis is glucose. Other types of organisms, such as animals, fungi, many protozoa, and a large portion of bacteria, are unable to perform this process. Therefore, these organisms must rely on the carbohydrates formed in plants to obtain the energy necessary for their metabolic processes. Cells take the carbohydrates into their cytoplasm, and through a complex series of metabolic processes, they break down the carbohydrates and release the energy In other words:

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38 Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the process by which the energy of sunlight is converted into the energy of glucose

39 Steps in photosynthesis 1- light hits leaf 2- hits chloroplasts 3- water (h2o) is present because of water from roots carry it to viens 4- carbon dioxide enters through stomata (the thing that decides what enters/leaves) 5-chemical reaction with carbon dioxide, water, and chlorophyll 6- oxygen passes through leaf and leaf makes glucose (extra stored) 7- mitochondria- breaks down oxygen and glucose for energy and the carbon dioxide is released 8- in animals mitochondria takes glucose and combines it with oxygen=energy Carbon taken in blood stream to be exhaled

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41 Photosynthesis- make a book What is the function of photosythesis? Draw it and write definition Structure: Identify the parts: Identify the parts Interrelations hips with other systems or parts

42 Photosynthesis game Write five facts about photosynthesis Write five words for photosythesis Play matching game

43 Cellular respiration https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJweMnllEsI Group discussion: What is so important about photosynthesis https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P27djgzRL8c

44 Exit Make a Venn diagram on photosynthesis and cellular respiration

45 Warm up: Describe everything you know about cellular respiration.

46 Objective: Use direct and indirect evidence to describe the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration within plants – and between plants and animals

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48 Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis is the process by which the energy of sunlight is converted into the energy of glucose

49 What is photosynthesis? What are the important parts? What is the chemical formula of photosynthesis?

50 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophic Process: Plants and plant-like organisms make their energy (glucose) from sunlight. Stored as carbohydrate in their bodies. 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + sunlight  C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

51 Plants use sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into glucose. Glucose is a kind of sugar. Plants use glucose as food for energy and as a building block for growing. Autotrophs make glucose and heterotrophs are consumers of it. Photo-synthesis means "putting together with light."

52 Overview of photosynthesis and respiration PHOTOSYNTHESIS CELLACTIVITIES RESPIRATION SUN RADIANT ENERGY GLUCOSEATP(ENERGY)

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54 Photosynthesis- Light energy converted to chemical energy of organic compounds (carbs) Autotrophs only Cellular Respiration- Organic compounds broken down to create ATP (energy) Autotrophs & Heterotrophs

55 Cellular respiration is the process by which the chemical energy of "food" molecules is released and partially captured in the form of ATP. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can all be used as fuels in cellular respiration, but glucose is most commonly used as an example to examine the reactions and pathways involved.

56 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUmT24R8CyA

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59 EQUATION FOR RESPIRATION C 6 H 12 O 6 + GLUCOSE 6O 2 OXYGEN produces 6CO 2 + CARBON DIOXIDE 6H 2 O + ENERGY WATER ATP Reactants Products

60 Cellular respiration- make a book What is the function of photosythesis? Draw it and write definition Structure: Identify the parts: Identify the parts Interrelations hips with other systems or parts

61 Vocabulary interaction game

62 Exit Concept map


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