2The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by a. decreasing the temperatureb. increasing the temperaturec. increasing the precipitationd. decreasing the precipitation
3Which of the following affects the angle at which the sun’s rays hit Earth? a. weatherb. sea levelc. latituded. wind
4Which of the following moderates temperature and increases rainfall? oceanb. icebergc. mountaind. desert
5Thin tree rings indicate which of the following? cool weather, more rainfallb. warm weather, more rainfallc. warm weather, less rainfalld. cool weather, less rainfall
6In the picture, which hemisphere is experiencing summer? Why a. The southern hemisphere is receiving more direct sunlight and having longer days.b. The northern hemisphere is receiving more direct sunlight and having longer days.c. The southern hemisphere is receiving indirect sunlight and having shorter days.d. The northern hemisphere is receiving indirect sunlight and having shorter days.
7Which of the following is NOT a potential result of climate change? orbital changeb. global warmingc. sea-level changed. crop damage
8Which of the following statements describes what happens when the sun heats water and land? a. land heats more slowly than water doesb. water heats more slowly than land doesc. water & land absorb energy at the same rated. both absorb at the same rate, but water release it faster
9The days of the year when the number of daylight hours equals the number of nighttime hours is solsticesb. equinoxesc. lunarsd. eclipses
10Which of the following does NOT affect the climate of an area? latitudeb. altitudec. longituded. being in a city rather than a rural area
11Which season is shown for the northern hemisphere in the following illustration? How do you know? a. summer, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun.b. winter, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun.c. summer, the northern hemisphere is titled away from the sund. winter, the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun.
12Which receives the most solar radiation? the equatorb. the polar zonesc. the oceansd. the mid latitude temperate zones
13City A City B both cities d. neither city Which city is most likely to have the largest yearly temperature range?City ACity Bboth citiesd. neither city
14Which of the following statements describes an impact that the melting ice caps will have? a. evaporation rates will increaseb. sea-floor spreading will increasec. more volcanic eruptions will occurd. people who live on the coasts will be displaced
15a. seed clouds b. use electricity c. drive hybrid cars d. eat less Global warming results from increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This carbon dioxide is the product of many human activities. How can people reduce carbon dioxide?a. seed cloudsb. use electricityc. drive hybrid carsd. eat less
16Latitude is a determining factor in the type of climate that a region has. This is due primarily to the amount of solar energy a latitude receivesb. global wind patternsc. the proportions of land to waterd. ocean currents
17The seasons are caused by a. Earth’s distance from the sunb. the tilt of Earth’s axisc. the sun’s temperatured. the calendar
18a. the climate on side A is dry and side B is wet Which of the statements is true about the following diagram?a. the climate on side A is dry and side B is wetb. the climate on both side A and B is wetc. the climate on both side A and B is dryd. the climate on side A is wet and side B is dry.
19ice formation human activity fossils evaporation The addition of carbon dioxide to Earth’s atmosphere increased average global temperatures. Human activity adds more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, which may lead to further increases in temperature. What else can increase with the increase in temperature?ice formationhuman activityfossilsevaporation