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The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by a. decreasing the temperature b. increasing the temperature c. increasing the precipitation.

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Presentation on theme: "The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by a. decreasing the temperature b. increasing the temperature c. increasing the precipitation."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by a. decreasing the temperature b. increasing the temperature c. increasing the precipitation d. decreasing the precipitation

3 Which of the following affects the angle at which the sun’s rays hit Earth? a. weather b. sea level c. latitude d. wind

4 Which of the following moderates temperature and increases rainfall? a.ocean b.b. iceberg c.c. mountain d.d. desert

5 Thin tree rings indicate which of the following? a.cool weather, more rainfall b.b. warm weather, more rainfall c. warm weather, less rainfall d. cool weather, less rainfall

6 In the picture, which hemisphere is experiencing summer? Why a. The southern hemisphere is receiving more direct sunlight and having longer days. b. The northern hemisphere is receiving more direct sunlight and having longer days. c. The southern hemisphere is receiving indirect sunlight and having shorter days. d. The northern hemisphere is receiving indirect sunlight and having shorter days.

7 Which of the following is NOT a potential result of climate change? a.orbital change b.b. global warming c. sea-level change d. crop damage

8 Which of the following statements describes what happens when the sun heats water and land? a. land heats more slowly than water does b. water heats more slowly than land does c. water & land absorb energy at the same rate d. both absorb at the same rate, but water release it faster

9 The days of the year when the number of daylight hours equals the number of nighttime hours is a.solstices b. equinoxes c. lunars d. eclipses

10 Which of the following does NOT affect the climate of an area? a.latitude b. altitude c. longitude d. being in a city rather than a rural area

11 Which season is shown for the northern hemisphere in the following illustration? How do you know? a. summer, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun. b. winter, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun. c. summer, the northern hemisphere is titled away from the sun d. winter, the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun.

12 Which receives the most solar radiation? a. the equator b. the polar zones c. the oceans d. the mid latitude temperate zones

13 Which city is most likely to have the largest yearly temperature range? a.City A b.City B c.both cities d.d. neither city

14 Which of the following statements describes an impact that the melting ice caps will have? a. evaporation rates will increase b. sea-floor spreading will increase c. more volcanic eruptions will occur d. people who live on the coasts will be displaced

15 Global warming results from increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This carbon dioxide is the product of many human activities. How can people reduce carbon dioxide? a. seed clouds b. use electricity c. drive hybrid cars d. eat less

16 Latitude is a determining factor in the type of climate that a region has. This is due primarily to a.the amount of solar energy a latitude receives b.b. global wind patterns c. the proportions of land to water d. ocean currents

17 The seasons are caused by a. Earth’s distance from the sun b. the tilt of Earth’s axis c. the sun’s temperature d. the calendar

18 Which of the statements is true about the following diagram? a. the climate on side A is dry and side B is wet b. the climate on both side A and B is wet c. the climate on both side A and B is dry d. the climate on side A is wet and side B is dry.

19 The addition of carbon dioxide to Earth’s atmosphere increased average global temperatures. Human activity adds more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, which may lead to further increases in temperature. What else can increase with the increase in temperature? a.ice formation b.human activity c.fossils d.evaporation


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