32What three groups can animals be divided into based on how they get energy?producersconsumersdecomposers
43Organisms that use sunlight directly to make food are called __________.producers
54Producers use a process called ________ to make food.photosynthesis
65Herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores that eat other organisms are known as _________.consumers
76A consumer that eats only plants is a(n) _________.herbivore
87A consumer that eats only animals is a(n) _________.carnivore
98 A consumer that eats both plants and animals is a(n) __________. omnivore
109 An example of a herbivore is a(n) ______. grasshopper prairie dog bisonetc.
1110An example of an omnivore is a(n) _____.grasshopper mouse
12Yes…There is such a thing as a grasshopper mouse
1311 Omnivores that eat dead plants and animals are called __________. scavengers
1412Organisms that break down dead organisms to get energy are called _______.decomposers
1513 List two decomposers. fungi bacteria other organisms that break down food
1614A simple diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organism to another is a(n) ___________.food chain.
1715A food chain does not show energy connections in nature as accurately as a food ___________ does.web
1816In food webs and food chains, does the arrow point toward the plant or animal doing the eating or the one that is eaten?toward the one doing the eating
1917List the two main food webs on Earth.landaquatic
2018Why isn’t all of the energy that grass gets from sunlight passed on to the prairie dogs that eat the grass?The grass uses most of the energy for its own life processes and only stores some of the energy.
2119The diagram that shows an ecosystem’s loss of energy at each level of the food chain is known as ______________.energy pyramid
2220When gray wolves were wiped out as the wilderness was settled, what happened to the grass and elk in some areas?There were a lot elk, since the wolves did not eat them, and they overgrazed the grass, so it was almost gone.