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Rocks & Minerals Review Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan.

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Presentation on theme: "Rocks & Minerals Review Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rocks & Minerals Review Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan

2 1. Compared to felsic igneous rocks, mafic igneous rocks contain greater amounts of: A. White Quartz B. Aluminum C. Pink Feldspar D. Iron

3 1. Compared to felsic igneous rocks, mafic igneous rocks contain greater amounts of: A. White Quartz B. Aluminum C. Pink Feldspar D. Iron

4 2. What are the two most abundant elements by mass found in the Earth’s crust? A. Aluminum and Iron B. Sodium and Chlorine C. Oxygen and Silicon D. Calcium and Carbon

5 2. What are the two most abundant elements by mass found in the Earth’s crust? A. Aluminum and Iron B. Sodium and Chlorine C. Oxygen and Silicon D. Calcium and Carbon

6 3. The graph below shows the relationship between mass and volume between three samples, A, B, and C, of a given material. What is the density of the material? A. 1.0 g/cm cubed B. 5.0 g/cm cubed C. 10 g/cm cubed D g/cm cubed

7 3. The graph below shows the relationship between mass and volume between three samples, A, B, and C, of a given material. What is the density of the material? A. 1.0 g/cm cubed B. 5.0 g/cm cubed C. 10 g/cm cubed D g/cm cubed

8 4. Which sample best shows the physical properties normally associated with regional metamorphism? A. Sample A B. Sample B C. Sample C D. Sample D

9 4. Which sample best shows the physical properties normally associated with regional metamorphism? A. Sample A B. Sample B C. Sample C D. Sample D

10 5. The graph below shows the concentration (percentage) of copper at various depths in the bedrock at a mine in Arizona. Between which depths should the bedrock be mined in order to contain rock with the greatest percentage of copper? A. 100 – 130 ft. B. 230 – 260 ft. C. 330 – 360 ft. D. 650 – 680 ft.

11 5. The graph below shows the concentration (percentage) of copper at various depths in the bedrock at a mine in Arizona. Between which depths should the bedrock be mined in order to contain rock with the greatest percentage of copper? A. 100 – 130 ft. B. 230 – 260 ft. C. 330 – 360 ft. D. 650 – 680 ft.

12 6. Which mineral is white or colorless, has a hardness of 2.5, and splits with cubic cleavage? A. Calcite B. Halite C. Pyrite D. Mica

13 6. Which mineral is white or colorless, has a hardness of 2.5, and splits with cubic cleavage? A. Calcite B. Halite C. Pyrite D. Mica

14 7. Compared to dull and rough rock surfaces, shiny and smooth rock surfaces are most likely to cause sunlight to be: A. Reflected B. Refracted C. Scattered D. Absorbed

15 7. Compared to dull and rough rock surfaces, shiny and smooth rock surfaces are most likely to cause sunlight to be: A. Reflected B. Refracted C. Scattered D. Absorbed

16 8. The diagrams below show the crystals of four different rocks viewed through the same hand lens. Which crystals most likely formed from molten material that cooled and solidified most rapidly? A B C D

17 8. The diagrams below show the crystals of four different rocks viewed through the same hand lens. Which crystals most likely formed from molten material that cooled and solidified most rapidly? A B C D

18 9. Which sedimentary rock is most likely to be changed to slate during regional metamorphism? A. Breccia B. Conglomerate C. Dolostone D. Shale

19 9. Which sedimentary rock is most likely to be changed to slate during regional metamorphism? A. Breccia B. Conglomerate C. Dolostone D. Shale

20 10. Which rock is metamorphic and shows evidence of foliation? A. Rock 1 B. Rock 2 C. Rock 3 D. Rock 4

21 10. Which rock is metamorphic and shows evidence of foliation? A. Rock 1 B. Rock 2 C. Rock 3 D. Rock 4

22 11. What do all four rocks have in common? A. They show cleavage B. They contain minerals. C. They are organically formed D. They formed on Earth’s surface

23 11. What do all four rocks have in common? A. They show cleavage B. They contain minerals. C. They are organically formed D. They formed on Earth’s surface

24 12. Which of the following choices is not a characteristic of metamorphic rocks? A. Banding B. Distorted structure C. Fossils D. Contact metamorphism

25 12. Which of the following choices is not a characteristic of metamorphic rocks? A. Banding B. Distorted structure C. Fossils D. Contact metamorphism

26 13. Which two processes result in the formation of igneous rocks? A. Solidification and Evaporation B. Melting and Cementation C. Crystallization and Solidification D. Compression and Precipitation

27 13. Which two processes result in the formation of igneous rocks? A. Solidification and Evaporation B. Melting and Cementation C. Crystallization and Solidification D. Compression and Precipitation

28 14. Which rock is formed by the compression and cementation of sediments with particle sizes ranging from 0.08 to 0.1 centimeters? A. Basalt B. Conglomerate C. Granite D. Sandstone

29 14. Which rock is formed by the compression and cementation of sediments with particle sizes ranging from 0.08 to 0.1 centimeters? A. Basalt B. Conglomerate C. Granite D. Sandstone

30 15. Which statement about the formation of a rock is best supported by the rock cycle? A. Magma must be weathered before it can change to metamorphic rock. B. Sediment must be compacted and cemented before it can change to a sedimentary rock. C. Sedimentary rock must melt before it can change to metamorphic rock. D. Metamorphic rock must melt before it can change to sedimentary rock.

31 15. Which statement about the formation of a rock is best supported by the rock cycle? A. Magma must be weathered before it can change to metamorphic rock. B. Sediment must be compacted and cemented before it can change to a sedimentary rock. C. Sedimentary rock must melt before it can change to metamorphic rock. D. Metamorphic rock must melt before it can change to sedimentary rock.

32 16. According to the Earth Science Reference Table, which is a sedimentary rock that forms from the result of evaporation of seawater? A. Conglomerate B. Gypsum C. Basalt D. Shale

33 16. According to the Earth Science Reference Table, which is a sedimentary rock that forms from the result of evaporation of seawater? A. Conglomerate B. Gypsum C. Basalt D. Shale

34 17. When various minerals are split by a wedge, some break evenly along a flat surface, while others fracture unevenly. Which property of a mineral is reponsible for the way it splits? A. Hardness B. Density C. Chemical Composition D. Atomic Arrangement

35 17. When various minerals are split by a wedge, some break evenly along a flat surface, while others fracture unevenly. Which property of a mineral is reponsible for the way it splits? A. Hardness B. Density C. Chemical Composition D. Atomic Arrangement

36 18. Which property best describes a rock which formed from sediments? A. Fragmental particles arranged in layers B. Distorted structure C. Crystalline structure D. Banding or foliation

37 18. Which property best describes a rock which formed from sediments? A. Fragmental particles arranged in layers B. Distorted structure C. Crystalline structure D. Banding or foliation

38 19. The igneous rock pictured looks most likely like which rock name? A. Gabbro B. Obsidian C. Granite D. Dunite

39 19. The igneous rock pictured looks most likely like which rock name? A. Gabbro B. Obsidian C. Granite D. Dunite

40 20. Which statement correctly describes the distribution of sedimentary rocks on the Earth? A. Sedimentary rock layers are the thickest in the middle of the ocean B. Sedimentary rocks extend all the way from the Earth’s crust to the inner core C. Sedimentary rocks are usually located in volcanic regions D. Sedimentary rocks form a thin layer over large areas of the continents

41 20. Which statement correctly describes the distribution of sedimentary rocks on the Earth? A. Sedimentary rock layers are the thickest in the middle of the ocean B. Sedimentary rocks extend all the way from the Earth’s crust to the inner core C. Sedimentary rocks are usually located in volcanic regions D. Sedimentary rocks form a thin layer over large areas of the continents

42 20. Which process is responsible for turning a pile of sediments into a sedimentary rock, such as in the diagram? A. Heat and/or pressure B. Melting and solidification C. Recrystallization D. Compaction and cementation

43 20. Which process is responsible for turning a pile of sediments into a sedimentary rock, such as in the diagram? A. Heat and/or pressure B. Melting and solidification C. Recrystallization D. Compaction and cementation

44 21. Which of the following minerals would be able to scratch the other three? A. Quartz B. Gypsum C. Pyrite D. Dolomite

45 21. Which of the following minerals would be able to scratch the other three? A. Quartz B. Gypsum C. Pyrite D. Dolomite

46 22. Why do both calcite and dolomite bubble when placed in acid? A. Both are silicate minerals B. Both are carbonates C. Both are metamorphic rocks D. Both are colorless and of similar hardness

47 22. Why do both calcite and dolomite bubble when placed in acid? A. Both are silicate minerals B. Both are carbonates C. Both are metamorphic rocks D. Both are colorless and of similar hardness

48 23. Which process would form a sedimentary rock? A. Cooling of molten magma within Earth’s crust B. Recrystallization of unmelted material within Earth’s crust C. Adding heat and pressure to a rock D. Precipitation of minerals as seawater evaporates

49 23. Which process would form a sedimentary rock? A. Cooling of molten magma within Earth’s crust B. Recrystallization of unmelted material within Earth’s crust C. Adding heat and pressure to a rock D. Precipitation of minerals as seawater evaporates

50 24. Which property of minerals is being tested in the diagram below? A. Color B. Luster C. Streak D. Cleavage/Fracture

51 24. Which property of minerals is being tested in the diagram below? A. Color B. Luster C. Streak D. Cleavage/Fracture

52 25. Which of the following below is most likely a non-sedimentary rock? A. A rock containing fossils B. A rock composed of layers of gravel cemented together C. A rock consisting of large, intergrown crystals D. A rock showing ripple marks and mud cracks

53 25. Which of the following below is most likely a non-sedimentary rock? A. A rock containing fossils B. A rock composed of layers of gravel cemented together C. A rock consisting of large, intergrown crystals D. A rock showing ripple marks and mud cracks

54 Good Job! Please tally up the number of questions you answered correctly.


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