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ROCKS and MINERALS of PA. Do we take them for granted?

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Presentation on theme: "ROCKS and MINERALS of PA. Do we take them for granted?"— Presentation transcript:

1 ROCKS and MINERALS of PA

2 Do we take them for granted?

3

4 Common Minerals in everyday Life in PA (300) Halite: Made of 2 elements (Na: Sodium and Cl: Chlorine Graphite( Not lead) and Diamond: Made of a single element C: Carbon

5 Common Minerals (element) in everyday Life in PA (300) Cu: Copper: Used for wiring and plumbing S: Sulfur Ag: Silver Au: Gold

6 Common Minerals (compounds) in everyday Life in PA Quartz found in PA: SiO 2 Limestone: Tyrone, PA Calcite (CaCO 3 )

7

8 S olid Cannot be a liquid or a gas N aturally Occurring Found in nature, not man-made I norganic Is not alive and never was, non-living F ixed composition Has a chemical formula, most are formed from compounds of two or more elements, some minerals consist of one element ex. Au C rystal Form A definite structure in which atoms are arranged What is a mineral? Properties:

9 A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystalline structure. What is a mineral? Definition:

10 Is it non-living material? Is it a solid? Is it formed in nature? Does it have a crystalline structure? Questions to ask yourself when determining if an item is a mineral or not:

11 Wood

12 Gold

13 Fossil

14 Topaz

15 Bones

16 Granite

17 Quartz

18 Pearls

19 Talc

20 Icebergs

21 Diamond

22 Coal

23 Rock Salt

24 And the answers are…  Minerals a) Gold b) Topaz c) Quartz d) Talc e) Iceberg* f) Diamonds  Non-Minerals a) Wood - once living b) Fossils – once living c) Bone - living material d) Granite - intrusive igneous rock e) Pearls – made by oysters f) Coal - Sedimentary rock g) Rock Salt – Sedimentary rock According to IMA – ice is listed as a mineralIMA


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