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Which of the following is not a characteristic of all minerals? A. Shiny B. Naturally occurring C. Consistent chemical composition D. Crystal structure.

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Presentation on theme: "Which of the following is not a characteristic of all minerals? A. Shiny B. Naturally occurring C. Consistent chemical composition D. Crystal structure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Which of the following is not a characteristic of all minerals? A. Shiny B. Naturally occurring C. Consistent chemical composition D. Crystal structure E. Inorganic 1

2 Why is coal not considered a mineral? A. Not naturally occurring B. Too soft C. Organic D. Not shiny E. Not dense enough 2

3 Why is brass not a mineral? A. It is a man-made alloy B. It is too dense C. It has metallic luster D. It doesn’t leave a streak E. It doesn’t glow under UV light 3

4 Why is obsidian not a mineral? A. It has luster B. It is too hard C. It doesn’t leave a streak D. It doesn’t have a crystal structure E. It was formed by lava crystallizing 4

5 What mineral property is most likely being tested with the following tools? A. Hardness B. Streak C. Specific gravity D. Luster E. Cleavage 5

6 What mineral property is being tested? A. Hardness B. Streak C. Fluorescence D. Specific gravity E. Luster 6

7 What mineral property is being tested? A. Hardness B. Streak C. Specific gravity D. Luster E. Cleavage 7

8 What mineral property is being tested? A. Fluorescence B. Streak C. Specific gravity D. Luster E. Effervescence 8

9 This mineral scratches a penny but cannot scratch glass. A. Calcite B. Fluorite C. Quartz D. Orthoclase E. Talc 9

10 This mineral scratches gypsum but is scratched by orthoclase. A. Talc B. Topaz C. Quartz D. Corundum E. Calcite 10

11 What test would be best to differentiate fluorite and amethyst (a type of quartz)? A. Color B. Streak C. Fluorescence D. Luster E. Effervescence 11

12 You find a gold mineral and want to determine whether it is gold or pyrite. What test should you use? A. Streak B. Color C. Effervescence D. Luster E. Smell 12

13 Quartz and calcite are both common minerals in our area and are found within rocks. Which of the following tests would most definitively determine which mineral is in the rock? A. Color B. Luster C. Hardness D. Taste E. Streak 13

14 What test would be best to differentiate quartz and feldspar? A. Color B. Hardness C. Fluorescence D. Fracture vs. Cleavage E. Streak 14 Varieties of Quartz Feldspar

15 What type of cleavage does amphibole have? A. Basal B. Cubic C. Rhombohedral D. Prismatic E. Octahedral 15

16 What type of cleavage does fluorite have? A. Basal B. Cubic C. Rhombohedral D. Prismatic E. Octahedral 16

17 What type of cleavage does calcite have? A. Basal B. Cubic C. Rhombohedral D. Prismatic E. Octahedral 17

18 What type of cleavage does muscovite have? A. Basal B. Cubic C. Rhombohedral D. Prismatic E. Octahedral 18

19 What type of cleavage does halite have? A. Basal B. Cubic C. Rhombohedral D. Prismatic E. Octahedral 19

20 What type of luster does quartz have? A. Vitreous B. Earthy C. Metallic D. Resinous E. Greasy 20

21 What type of luster does pyrite have? A. Pearly B. Earthy C. Metallic D. Resinous E. Greasy 21

22 Which of the following minerals has the same composition as diamond (C)? A. Galena B. Quartz C. Corundum D. Graphite E. Calcite 22

23 To which class of minerals would pyrite (FeS) belong? A. Halides B. Sulfides C. Carbonates D. Oxides E. Sulfates 23

24 To which class of minerals would quartz (SiO 2 ) belong? A. Phosphates B. Sulfides C. Elemental D. Silicates E. Sulfates 24

25 To which class of minerals would corundum (Al2O3) belong? A. Silicates B. Oxides C. Halides D. Carbonates E. Sulfates 25

26 To which class of minerals would malachite (Cu 2 CO 3 (OH) 2 ) belong? A. Carbonates B. Sulfides C. Phosphates D. Iron ore E. Mafic 26

27 Olivine contains a lot of magnesium and iron and a much lower portion of silica as compared to quartz. To which class of minerals would olivine belong? A. Mafic B. Sulfates C. Phosphates D. Halides E. Elemental 27

28 To which class of minerals would halite (NaCl) belong? A. Iron ore B. Halides C. Sulfates D. Phosphates E. Oxides 28

29 To which class of minerals would gypsum (CaSO 4 ·2H 2 O) belong? A. Silicates B. Phosphates C. Sulfates D. Oxides E. Halides 29

30 While calcite effervesces easily, this mineral will effervesce, or bubble in acid, only if it is ground into a powder. What mineral is it? A. Halite B. Corundum C. Gypsum D. Pyrite E. Dolomite 30

31 What mineral is known for its very high density? A. Corundum B. Graphite C. Sulfur D. Galena E. Halite 31

32 Which mineral would most likely be found in a cave? A. Coal B. Calcite C. Corundum D. Sulfur E. Halite 32

33 Which mineral, with a hardness of 9, is often used on saw blades because of its extreme hardness? A. Fluorite B. Quartz C. Corundum D. Graphite E. Biotite 33

34 What mineral, with a hardness of only 1, is used in make-up? A. Muscovite B. Graphite C. Quartz D. Talc E. Fluorite 34

35 What mineral can be identified by color alone? A. Sulfur B. Pyrite C. Quartz D. Talc E. Calcite 35

36 What mineral is used in pencils? A. Calcite B. Graphite C. Pyrite D. Quartz E. Corundum 36

37 You have two samples of quartz. Which statement may be incorrect? A. They have approximately the same densities. B. They have about the same hardness. C. They are the same color. D. They both have fracture. 37

38 This mica is the black mineral found in granite. A. Muscovite B. Graphite C. Biotite D. Calcite E. Quartz 38

39 The gemstone of this mineral, shown on the right, is peridot, and is the August birthstone. A. Quartz B. Olivine C. Biotite D. Fluorite E. Pyrite 39

40 The gemstone of this very hard mineral is ruby. A. Sulfur B. Quartz C. Corundum D. Galena E. Hematite 40

41 This iron ore mineral has a characteristic red streak. A. Hematite B. Corundum C. Chalcopyrite D. Olivine E. Talc 41

42 This iron ore is naturally magnetic. A. Biotite B. Quartz C. Pyrite D. Magnetite E. Muscovite 42


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