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Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand: Europeans’ earliest mining efforts in South Africa Professor Bruce Cairncross Department of Geology.

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Presentation on theme: "Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand: Europeans’ earliest mining efforts in South Africa Professor Bruce Cairncross Department of Geology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand: Europeans’ earliest mining efforts in South Africa Professor Bruce Cairncross Department of Geology

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4 At least 26 mines …

5 GEOLOGY……

6 Spektakel Concordia mine dump Narrap mine steam engine COPPER MINES.....

7 The Okiep Copper district “Firsts” First economic deposit “discovered” by Europeans in South Africa in1685 (First European settlement in 1652 – hence copper “discovered” only 33 years later) First mine opened by Europeans in South Africa First South African mining company formed in1852 First South African geological report written on the copper deposits First South African geological map in South Africa – the Namaqualand copper fields.

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9 Copper from Spektakel mine

10 Discovery site Aug 2011 Concordia: National Monument Discovery site: Sketch from van der Stel’s expedition notes

11 The Okiep Copper district “Firsts” Springbok August 2011 Blue Mine

12 Blue Mine Plaque

13 One of the first South African share certificates (1854)

14 Andrew Geddes Bain: Geologist and Road Maker ***** First Geological Report Written in South Africa

15 (1856) (1859)

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17 Charles Bell Surveyor General: Cape Colony 1848 to 1872 Surveyor, artist, designer, businessman

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23 Okiep Okiep August 2011

24 Nababeep mine, August 2011

25 Nababeep mine chalcanthite Jubilee mine, collected 1993

26 Tweefontein (left 2011; below 1993) Jan Coetzee mine (2011)

27 The Jan Coetzee mine Located 11 km north of Nababeep First worked in 1888 (Cape Copper Company), abandoned 1907 (several prospecting pits an 80-m deep shaft) Reopened in 1964 by the O’Kiep Copper Company and finally closed in spectacular quartz crystal “cave” opened - 12 X 12 metres across and 6 metres high Floor, walls and roof covered by thousands of crystals and thousands lying loose on the floor Estimated at several tons of quartz, ~ 50,000 specimens!! Largest almost 2m long (185 cm) and weighed 250kg.

28 Some Okiep minerals ( a rich mineralogical heritage) Chalcocite Calcite Ferroaxinite Chalcopyrite Gypsum Quartz

29 Jan Coetzee Mine 1968

30 Jan Coetzee mine 1994

31 Jan Coetzee mine 2011

32 Nababeep mine smelter chimney, August 2011

33 Nababeep...

34 Nababeep Mining Museum Karin Janecke - Curator

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36 Thank you!


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