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Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Concept Map Use the terms below to complete.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Concept Map Use the terms below to complete."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Concept Map Use the terms below to complete the concept map on the next slide. Chapter 4 sedimentary clastic extrusive rocks metamorphic regional igneous intrusive

2 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Chapter 4

3 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Reading Read each of the passages. Then, answer the questions that follow each passage. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

4 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Passage 1 The texture and composition of a rock can provide good clues about how and where the rock formed. Scientists use both texture and composition to understand the origin and history of rocks. For example, marble is a rock that is made when limestone is metamorphosed. Only limestone contains the mineral—calcite—that can change into marble. Therefore, wherever scientists find marble, they know the sediment that created the original limestone was deposited in a warm ocean or lake environment. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

5 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 9. In the passage, what does the word origin mean? A size or appearance B age C location or surroundings D source or formation Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

6 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 10. Based on the passage, what can the reader conclude? F Marble is a sedimentary rock. G Limestone is created by sediments deposited in warm ocean or lake environments. H Marble is a rock that is made when sandstone has undergone metamorphism. I In identifying a rock, the texture of a rock is more important than the composition of the rock. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

7 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 11. What is the main idea of the passage? A Scientists believe marble is the most important rock type to study. B Scientists study the composition and texture of a rock to determine how the rock formed and what happened after it formed. C Some sediments are deposited in warm oceans and lakes. D When limestone undergoes metamorphism, it creates marble. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

8 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Passage 2 Fulgurites are a rare type of natural glass found in areas that have quartz-rich sediments, such as beaches and deserts. A tubular fulgurite forms when a lightning bolt strikes material such as sand and melts the quartz into a liquid. The liquid quartz cools and solidifies quickly, and a thin, glassy tube is left behind. Fulgurites usually have a rough outer surface and a smooth inner surface. Continued on the next slide Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

9 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Passage 2, continued Underground, a fulgurite may be shaped like the roots of a tree. The fulgurite branches out with many arms that trace the zigzag path of the lightning bolt. Some fulgurites are as short as your little finger, but others stretch 20 m into the ground. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

10 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 12. In the passage, what does the word tubular mean? A flat and sharp B round and long C funnel shaped D pyramid shaped Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

11 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 13. From the information in the passage, what can the reader conclude? F Fulgurites are formed above ground. G Sand contains a large amount of quartz. H Fulgurites are most often very small. I Fulgurites are easy to find in sandy places. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

12 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 14. Which of the following statements best describes a fulgurite? A Fulgurites are frozen lightning bolts. B Fulgurites are rootlike rocks. C Fulgurites are glassy tubes found in deserts. D Fulgurites are natural glass tubes formed by lightning bolts. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

13 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Interpreting Graphics Use the diagram below to answer the questions that follow. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

14 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 15. According to the rock cycle diagram, which of the following statements is true? A Only sedimentary rock gets weathered and eroded. B Sedimentary rocks are made from metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rock fragments and minerals. C Heat and pressure create igneous rocks. D Metamorphic rocks are created by melting and cooling. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

15 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 16. A rock exists at the surface of the Earth. What would be the next step in the rock cycle? F cooling G weathering H melting I metamorphism Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

16 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 17. Which of the following processes brings rocks to Earth’s surface, where they can be eroded? A burial B deposition C uplift D weathering Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

17 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

18 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 18. Which of the following is the best summary of the rock cycle? A. Each type of rock gets melted. Then the magma turns into igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock. B. Magma cools to form igneous rock. Then, the igneous rock becomes sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is heated and forms metamorphic rock. Metamorphic rock melts to form magma. Choices continued on next slide Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

19 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Continued from previous slide C. All three rock types weather to create sedimentary rock. All three rock types melt to form magma. Magma forms igneous rock. All three types of rock form metamorphic rock because of heat and pressure. D. Igneous rock is weathered to create sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is melted to form igneous rock. Metamorphic rock is weathered to form igneous rock. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

20 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Math Read each question, and choose the best answer. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

21 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 19. Eric has 25 rocks he has collected as a science project for class. Nine rocks are sedimentary, 10 are igneous, and 6 are metamorphic. If Eric chooses a rock at random, what is the probability that he will choose an igneous rock? A 1/2 B 2/5 C 3/8 D 1/15 Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

22 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 20. At a mineral and fossil show, Elizabeth bought two quartz crystals that cost $2.00 each and four trilobite fossils that cost $3.50 each. Which equation can be used to describe c, the total cost of her purchase? F c  (2  4)  (2.00  3.50) G c  (2  2.00)  (4  3.50) H c  (4  2.00)  (2  3.50) I c  (2  2.00)  (4  3.50) Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

23 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu TEST THE PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, ICE, AND HEAT BREAK DOWN ROCK IS CALLED _________. A. CLIMATE B. WEATHERING C. WEATHER D. MAFIC 22. THE PROCESS BY WHICH WIND, WATER ICE OR GRAVITY TRANSPORTS SOIL AND SEDIMENT FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER IS CALLED _______. A. DEPOSITION B. UPLIFT C. EROSION D. IGNEOUS 23. THE MOVEMENT WITHIN THE EARTH THAT CAUSES ROCKS INSIDE THE EARTH TO BE MOVED TO THE SURFACE. A. DEPOSITION B. UPLIFT C. EROSION D. IGNEOUS

24 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu TEST THE PROCESS IN WHICH SEDIMENT MOVED BY EROSION IS DROPPED AND COMES TO REST IS CALLED ________. A. EROSION B. UPLIFT C. IGNEOUS D. DEPOSITION 25. A NATURALLY OCCURRING SOLID MIXTURE OF ONE OR MORE MINERALS OR ORGANIC MATTER. A. ERODE B. CO2 C. H2O D. ROCK 26. THE SERIES OF PROCESSES IN WHICH A ROCK FORMS, CHANGES FROM ONE TYPE TO ANOTHER, IS DESTROYED, AND FORMS AGAIN BY GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES IS CALLED THE:__________ A. WATER CYCLE B.ROCK CYCLE C. CO2 CYCLE D.MOTOR CYCLE

25 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu TEST TYPE OF ROCK WHICH FORMS WHEN HOT, LIQUID ROCK, OR MAGMA COOLS AND SOLIDIFIES. A. METAMORPHIC B. SEDIMENTARY C. FOLIATED D. IGNEOUS 28. THE MOST NOTABLE FEATURE OF SEDIMENTARY ROCK IS IT’S LAYERS OR ______. A. STRATA B. SPATA C. SMATTA D. HARDNESS 29. THIS CLASSIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCK IS MADE OF FRAGMENTS OF ROCKS CEMENTED TOGETHER BY A MINERAL SUCH AS CALCITE OR QUARTZ. A. ORGANIC B. CLASTIC C. CHEMICAL D. FOLIATED

26 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu TEST THIS CLASSIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCK FORMS FROM SOLUTIONS OF DISSOLVED MINERAL AND WATER. A. ORGANIC B. CLASTIC C. CHEMICAL D. FOLIATED 31. THIS CLASSIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCK IS MADE UP OF PLANTS AND THE REMAINS OF SKELETONS AND SHELLS OF SEA ANIMALS. A. ORGANIC B. CLASTIC C. CHEMICAL D. FOLIATED 32. _________ ROCKS, ARE ALREADY EXISTING ROCKS THAT HAVE BEEN CHANGED BY HEAT AND PRESSURE. A. IGNEOUS B. SEDIMENTARY C. METAMORPHIC

27 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Chapter 4

28 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 9. In the passage, what does the word origin mean? A size or appearance B age C location or surroundings D source or formation Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

29 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 10. Based on the passage, what can the reader conclude? F Marble is a sedimentary rock. G Limestone is created by sediments deposited in warm ocean or lake environments. H Marble is a rock that is made when sandstone has undergone metamorphism. I In identifying a rock, the texture of a rock is more important than the composition of the rock. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

30 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 11. What is the main idea of the passage? A Scientists believe marble is the most important rock type to study. B Scientists study the composition and texture of a rock to determine how the rock formed and what happened after it formed. C Some sediments are deposited in warm oceans and lakes. D When limestone undergoes metamorphism, it creates marble. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

31 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 12. In the passage, what does the word tubular mean? A flat and sharp B round and long C funnel shaped D pyramid shaped Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

32 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 13. From the information in the passage, what can the reader conclude? F Fulgurites are formed above ground. G Sand contains a large amount of quartz. H Fulgurites are most often very small. I Fulgurites are easy to find in sandy places. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

33 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 14. Which of the following statements best describes a fulgurite? A Fulgurites are frozen lightning bolts. B Fulgurites are rootlike rocks. C Fulgurites are glassy tubes found in deserts. D Fulgurites are natural glass tubes formed by lightning bolts. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

34 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 15. According to the rock cycle diagram, which of the following statements is true? A Only sedimentary rock gets weathered and eroded. B Sedimentary rocks are made from metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rock fragments and minerals. C Heat and pressure create igneous rocks. D Metamorphic rocks are created by melting and cooling. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

35 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 16. A rock exists at the surface of the Earth. What would be the next step in the rock cycle? F cooling G weathering H melting I metamorphism Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

36 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 17. Which of the following processes brings rocks to Earth’s surface, where they can be eroded? A burial B deposition C uplift D weathering Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

37 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 18. Which of the following is the best summary of the rock cycle? A. Each type of rock gets melted. Then the magma turns into igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock. B. Magma cools to form igneous rock. Then, the igneous rock becomes sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is heated and forms metamorphic rock. Metamorphic rock melts to form magma. Choices continued on next slide Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

38 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Continued from previous slide C. All three rock types weather to create sedimentary rock. All three rock types melt to form magma. Magma forms igneous rock. All three types of rock form metamorphic rock because of heat and pressure. D. Igneous rock is weathered to create sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is melted to form igneous rock. Metamorphic rock is weathered to form igneous rock. Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

39 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 19. Eric has 25 rocks he has collected as a science project for class. Nine rocks are sedimentary, 10 are igneous, and 6 are metamorphic. If Eric chooses a rock at random, what is the probability that he will choose an igneous rock? A 1/2 B 2/5 C 3/8 D 1/15 Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation

40 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu 20. At a mineral and fossil show, Elizabeth bought two quartz crystals that cost $2.00 each and four trilobite fossils that cost $3.50 each. Which equation can be used to describe c, the total cost of her purchase? F c  (2  4)  (2.00  3.50) G c  (2  2.00)  (4  3.50) H c  (4  2.00)  (2  3.50) I c  (2  2.00)  (4  3.50) Chapter 4 Standardized Test Preparation


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