Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Reflection and Refraction (5.6C) demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Reflection and Refraction (5.6C) demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reflection and Refraction (5.6C) demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another and demonstrate that light can be reflected such as…

2 Every second of every day our eyes detect and interpret rays of light – whether that light is coming from a natural source like the sun, or an artificial source like a lamp. One of the properties of light is that it travels in a straight line, unless it is acted on by some external force or condition. next

3 However, sometimes our eyes can be fooled by the reflection and refraction of light. When interfered with, the path of light rays can be bounced or appear to be bent away from the original object making it seem larger or smaller than it really is. next

4 reflection When light strikes a surface and is redirected back to its point of origin, this is reflection. We can see objects when they reflect light, and the reflected light enters our eyes. Most objects reflect some light and absorb the light that is not reflected. Smooth, shiny surfaces that absorb very little light, will reflect light in almost the exact way that the light hits it. next Reflection Smooth, shiny surface

5 Light beams Mirrors reflect images of objects because light rays bounce off the object. The light rays travel in a straight line to a mirror, bounce off the mirror, and then travel back to the eye of the observer. next Mirror

6 Refraction refraction When the path of the light rays change directions and appear to bend as they pass through an object, we call this refraction. Refraction occurs when light passes from one substance to another of a different density (for example, from air to water). The amount of refraction depends on the angle that the light enters the new substance and the difference in the densities of the two objects. The greater the angle, the more the light ray will be bent. next

7 Refracting telescopes and regular cameras use lenses to gather and focus light. Reflecting telescopes gather and focus light with mirrors. In a reflecting telescope, the observer usually sits inside the telescope, at the focal point of the reflected light. next

8 Decide whether each object below best represents reflection or refraction. Click on your answer to find out if you are correct. reflectionrefraction next reflectionrefraction reflectionrefraction reflectionrefraction reflection refraction reflectionrefraction

9 You are correct – This picture illustrates reflection. Light bounces off of the object and does not pass through. Back to pictures

10 You are correct. This picture illustrates refraction. As light passes through the object it is bent by the denser substance. Back to pictures

11 Sorry, that is not correct Back to pictures

12 One way solid objects are classified is by how much light is allowed to pass through that object. transparentall A transparent object lets all of the light pass through. translucentsome A translucent object lets some light pass through. opaquenone An opaque object lets none of the light pass through. transparent next translucentopaque

13 You are about to see several objects. Your job is to decide if they are mostly transparent, translucent or opaque - After you decide, click on the object to see if you are correct. Some pictures have two options. This window is transparent. You can clearly see the image on the other side because all of the light is passing through. This lampshade is translucent. Some of the light passes through, but not all of it. The computer is opaque. No light is passing through, so you cannot see anything behind it. However, the screen is transparent. That is why you can clearly see the man’s face behind the screen. This sphere is transparent. You can clearly see the man inside. The man, of course, is opaque. These pens are translucent. Enough light passes through to allow you to see some of the inside, but not enough to see everything clearly. next The brick wall is opaque. You cannot see any part of the boy through the wall. The next image will enter automatically. Do not click to advance images.

14 Now, try answering these questions: next

15 Unless acted upon, how does light travel? A.Bent at a 50 0 angle. B.In a straight line. C.In a curved arch. D.Light doesn’t have a preferred path. next

16 Answer B is correct: Light travels in a straight line. next

17 These answers are not correct because – Answer A – Although light is often bent at a 50 0 angle, that only happens when something acts upon it to make it change its path. Answer C – Light does not usually travel in an arch. Answer D – Light does have a preferred path – a straight line. next

18 All the following are examples of light being refracted EXCEPT — A B C D next

19 Answer choice D is correct. The mirror is using reflection to bounce light off of its surface. DID YOU NOTICE THE EXCEPT IN THE QUESTION? next

20 These answers are not correct because: Answer A – Look at the bent light rays. A rainbow is the result of light being refracted. Answer B – Look at the bent light rays. A prism bends light. Answer C - The straw looks bent in this picture. It is an example of refraction, not reflection. next

21 Which answer below names two conditions in which refraction can occur? A.Opaque or transparent B.Transparent or black C.Translucent or transparent D.Translucent or opaque next

22 Answer choice C is Correct: In order for light to pass through an object and be refracted, the object must be transparent (see- through) or translucent (semi- transparent). next

23 These answers are not correct because: Answer A - An opaque object would not allow light to pass through it. Answer B – A black surface would not necessarily allow light to pass through it. Answer D – An opaque surface would not allow light to pass through it. next

24 In this picture, the straw appears to be bent. This is because – A.milk is an opaque substance. B.light is traveling through the air into the water. C.it is a magic trick. D.light is bouncing off of surface of the water. next

25 Answer B is correct. The straw appears to be bent because light is being refracted as it passes through the air into the liquid. next

26 These answers are not correct because: A.An opaque substance – if the liquid were opaque, we would not be able to see the straw. B.A magic trick – it is not a trick that the light is being bent, or refracted, as it moved through the liquid C.Light being reflected – although some light may be reflected by the glass, that is not the reason why the straw appears to be bent. next

27 Which of these objects best illustrates reflection? A. Prism B. Rose Quartz C. Window D. Paper next

28 Answer C is correct. The smooth surface of the window allows the light rays to bounce off of the water reflect the image of nearby buildings. next

29 These answers are not correct because: A – Prism –light is being refracted as it passes through the prism B - Rose Quartz – the surface of this rock is too rough to reflect light D -Paper – since paper is opaque, light would not bounce off or be refracted. next

30 Look at the objects below. Which one uses refraction? A B CD next

31 Answer Choice C is CORRECT. A rainbow uses refraction. The light is bent as it passes through the air and water droplets. next

32 Answer choice A, B, and D are not correct. Mirrors use reflection of light in order to see an object, not refraction. The End


Download ppt "Reflection and Refraction (5.6C) demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels through one medium to another."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google