Presentation on theme: " How many bones do you think our body has? Bones are the framework of our body and without them our body would be like pudding!"— Presentation transcript:
How many bones do you think our body has? Bones are the framework of our body and without them our body would be like pudding!
Did you know that some words have two different combining forms? Some are from Greek and others are from Latin.
PART 2 Pathological Conditions
Oste/o bone -Por/o passage or pore -osis condition Whole Definition? A condition of porous bones
Oste/o bone Myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow -itis inflammation Whole Definition? Inflammation of the bone and/or bone marrow.
Scoli/o = crooked, bent -osis = condition of Whole Definition? Condition of crooked or bent [bones]
A condition of humpback
A Condition of swayback (bent)
Oste/o/arthritis = Oste/o = bone Arthr/o = joint -itis = inflammation Whole Definition? Inflammation of the bone(s) and joint(s)
Ankylos (Greek)= bent; -osing = a condition of doing spondylos(Greek) = vertebrae -itis= inflammation Defined Type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column Causes deformities of the spine
Deformity in which the great toe is angled laterally toward the other toes. Often called: Bunion
Closed fracture Break in the bone but no open wound in skin Simple fracture Open fracture Break in the bone, as well as an open wound in skin Compound fracture
Complete fracture Break extends through the entire thickness of bone Incomplete fracture One side of bone is broken and one side of bone is bent considerably but not broken Greenstick fracture
Colle’s fracture Break occurs at lower end of the radius Within one inch of connecting with wrist bones Hairline fracture Minor fracture in which the bone continues to be in perfect alignment Also known as a stress fracture
Pathological fracture Bone is weakened by a preexisting disease Break is in response to a force that would not cause a normal bone to break Treatment of fractures Closed reduction Open reduction