3Corsages & Boutonnieres Designs with decorative botanicals. Florist Wire is a mechanical aid used by florists in constructing many types of floral designs including:Corsages & BoutonnieresBud Vase ArrangementsWedding Floral PiecesSympathy DesignsDesigns with decorative botanicals.
4Florist WireFlorist wire is used by florists in constructing many types of floral arrangements, including corsages and boutonnieres.
5Florist WireFlorist wire is used to support the flower and to maintain the shape of the design.
6Florist WireFloral designers use a variety of florist wire and wiring techniques to support the materials used in their designs.Practice and experience help the designer determine which wiring technique and gauge of wire will work best in constructing various types of floral designs.
8Wiring: Advantages Florist wire may be used to: Protect brittle stems in transport.Keep flower stems straight.Support heavy flower heads.Straighten slightly crooked stems.
9Wiring: AdvantagesWiring is essential in the construction of body flowers. It allows the designer to create stems for individual florets. It also serves to replace natural stems that would otherwise be too bulky and heavy.Wiring provides support and keeps flowers in place while they are worn.
10Wiring: AdvantagesWiring is also functional in designs with decorative botanicals.Most decorative botanicals consist of plastic coated wire stems.Floral designers use additional wire to bunch small clusters of flowers together, lengthen or create new stems, and attach accessories to the design.
11Wiring: Disadvantages Wiring fresh-cut floral materials increases labor and design time, which may increase the cost of an arrangement.In vase arrangements, the wire beneath the water level may rust, leaving mineral deposits on the inside of the vase. With clear vases, this may detract from the appearance of the design.
12Wiring: Disadvantages Fresh-cut floral materials sustain injury and dehydration when pierced by wire.They become susceptible to bacterial invasion, which may decrease the longevity of the plant material.
17Wire Gauge Considerations used when selecting wire gauge: Size and weight of the flower stem.Purpose the wire is being used.Where in the design the flower will be placed.
18Wire GaugeAn important consideration in corsage work is to use the finest wire gauge possible to support the plant material and to reduce the overall weight of the design.
19Wire TypesGreen wire has an enamel coating that prevents rusting and blends with the natural color of flower and foliage stems.Silver wire (bright wire) is used primarily in corsage work where it is concealed with corsage tape.
20Florist WireFlorist wire is available in boxes of 12-inch or 18-inch lengths.Florist wire is also available in continuous lengths on spools or as paddle wire.
22Wiring TechniquesSelect the lightest gauge wire necessary to properly support the plant materials in the design.Blend the wire into the design so it is invisible or less noticeable.Avoid twisting the wire multiple times down the stem. This reduces excess bulk and weight.
23Wiring TechniquesIn corsage work, wire laid parallel to the stem creates less bulk and reduces design time.
27Extension WiringExtension wiring is a technique used for securing clusters of delicate flower stems.This technique is especially successful with small, individual dried flowers inserted into floral foam as a group.Extension wiring is practical for grouping small clusters of tiny mass flowers in corsage work.
29FeatheringFeathering, or frenching, involves dividing or separating a flower into small components and reassembling them to resemble smaller versions of the original flower.This wiring technique is used with carnations, Gerbera daisies, and bird of paradise flowers.
40Hook WiringBend the tip of a wire to create a small hook.Wire Hook
41Hook WiringInsert the long end of wire into the center of the flower and pull gently down until the wire is practically hidden.
42Hook WiringCare must be taken to not pull the wire too hard, which will break the flower head.
43Insertion WiringInsertion wiring is used to support and reinforce flowers such as carnations and roses that have solid stems.This technique is also used to support bulb flowers with hollow stems such as tulips, irises, daffodils, and hyacinths.
45Insertion Wiring: Solid Stem Wire is inserted into the calyx of the flower.Wire is wrapped around the stem to secure it in place.
46Insertion Wiring: Hollow Stem Wire is inserted into the bottom of the stem and upward to the base of the flower head.Gently, the wire is pushed against the calyx until firmly in placeExcess wire is removed.
47PiercingThe piercing technique is used for flowers such as carnations and roses that have large, thickened calyxes.
48PiercingA single wire is inserted through the calyx, midway from the base of the calyx to the petals.
49PiercingAfter centering the flower head onto the wire, the wire is bent downward and parallel to the natural stem end.
50Cross PiercingCross piercing is a technique used to support heavy blossoms. It is also used for wiring roses and orchids for corsages and boutonnieres.
51Cross PiercingTwo wires are inserted perpendicularly through the flower calyx.
52Cross PiercingThe wire is bent downward and parallel to the stem.
53StitchingStitching is the technique for wiring foliages used in body flowers. Designers use this technique for controlling large specimen foliages in floral arrangements.
55StitchingFrom the backside of a leaf, a stitch is made under the midrib.
56StitchingThe wire is bent downward and parallel to the stem.
57StitchingAfter taping the wire to the stem, the designer can curve the leaf if desired. The wire functions to hold the leaf in position.
58Floral TapeAfter floral stems are wired, designers use floral tape to conceal the wire from view.Floral tape also helps preserve moisture within the plant material.
59Floral TapeFloral tape consists of wax-coated paper that becomes self-adhering when stretched.Floral tape is available in numerous colors; however, the most often used color is green because of its blending qualities.
60Floral TapeTo tape a wired floral stem, twist the floral stem with the left hand and pull and stretch the tape with the right hand.
61AcknowledgementsJane Gloyd, TMF, AAF, Horticultural Professor (retired), Richland College, Dallas, Texas organized and developed the information used in this PowerPoint Presentation.Christine Stetter, Artist, Instructional Materials Service, developed and illustrated this PowerPoint Presentation.Keith Zamzow, Curriculum Specialist, Instructional Materials Service, edited and reviewed this PowerPoint Presentation.Vickie Marriott, Office Software Associate, Instructional Materials Service, edited this PowerPoint Presentation.
62ALL RIGHTS RESERVEDReproduction or redistribution of all, or part, of this presentation without written permission is prohibited.Instructional Materials ServiceTexas A&M University2588 TAMUSCollege Station, Texas 2006