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Exam #4 Review Session Chem 111, Fall 2009

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Bond Properties Length Order Strength Polarity

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Periodic Table

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Bond Properties Which atom is more electronegative? B or C N or P Which bond is most polar? C-C or C-O or C-F C-O or C-S Which bond is the longest? C-O or C-F C-O or C=O

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Lewis Structures Why We Love Them (and you know we do!) Drawing a Lewis Structure: – Calculating formal charge – Determining which resonance structure is best Use Lewis Structure to: – Determine bond order – Determine electron pair and molecular geometry – Calculate formal charge and oxidation numbers – Determine hybridization and bond types

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Draw a Lewis Structure for CS 2

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Periodic Table

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Formal Charges and Oxidation Numbers : : : : : :

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Molecular Geometry # Structural Pairs Electron Pair Geometry Angle Molecular Geometry Number of Lone Pairs 0123 4Linear180°Linear 3trigonal planar120°trigonal planarbent 4tetrahedral109.5°tetrahedral trigonal pyramidal bent 5 trigonal bipyramidal 90° 120° 180° trigonal bipyramidal see-sawT-shapedLinear 6octahedral 90° 180° octahedral square pyramidal square planar

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Molecular Geometry for Propane, 1-Propanol, and Propene : :

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Hybridization and Bond Types for Propane, 1- Propanol, and Propene : :

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Hybrid Orbital Geometry

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Honors Shapes to Know: See Honors Packet – Linear – Trigonal Planar – Bent (with 3 e- regions and with 4) – Trigonal Pyramidal – Tetrahedral – Trigonal.

Honors Shapes to Know: See Honors Packet – Linear – Trigonal Planar – Bent (with 3 e- regions and with 4) – Trigonal Pyramidal – Tetrahedral – Trigonal.

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