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Presentation on theme: "Water Sensitive Plumbing And Sanitation BY:DINESH MUTHA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Sensitive Plumbing And Sanitation BY:DINESH MUTHA Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

2 CONTENTS  NEED TO CONSERVE WATER ????  WATER CLOSETS  STEALTH TOILET  BATH TUBS  SHOWER BATHS  TAPS & MIXERS  URINALS Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

3 Need To Conserve Water ???? Today, nearly 1 billion people in the developing world don't have access of potable drinking water. Clean, safe drinking water is scarce. It is the foundation of life, a basic human need. Eight districts of the Marathwada region in Maharashtra has last connection in 2007!! (jalna) SO CONSERVATION STARTS FROM OUR OWN HOUSES THAT’S WHAT SENSITIVE PLUMBING IS FOR !! Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

4 METHODS OF BEING SENSITIVE IN PLUMBING 1.In water closets:  Dual flush WCs: Full flush = 6 litres Small flush = 4 litres  Saves 33% of water when we use the small flush button Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

5 Water closet  A typical WC is flushed 5 times a day with  4 small flushes and 1 full flush:  4 x 4litre small flush, 1 x 6 litre full flush= 22 litres of water a day with an average flush of 4.4 litres  When used commercially Good as used repeatedly for large no. Of times Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

6 Water closets  Special single flush WC and cistern combination that only needs 4.5 litres of water to flush. SAVES 25% of water v/s 6 litre only flush. Good for areas of high usage with different users such as airports, railway stations, public places, etc. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

7 WATER CLOSETS NEW DELAYED FILL FLASH  Cistern only begins to fill with water once the flush is complete.  The ultimate water saving device.  Guarantees maximum water saving even in high pressure situations. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

8 WATER CLOSETS  COMPOSITING TOILETS : the future of sanitation? Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

9 WATER CLOSETS  A composting toilet is a dry toilet that uses a predominantly AEROBIC PROCESSING SYSTEM that treats excreta, typically with no water or small volumes of flush water, via composting or managed aerobic decomposition(IN SWEDEN)toiletcomposting Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

10 STEALTH TOILET Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

11 BATHING  1. Alto water saving bath 1700 x 700mm E Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

12 BATH TUBS  Bath with reduced capacity of 149 litres (Normal Alto 1700 x 700mm – 175 litres).  Saves approximately 15% of water v/s a conventional Alto bath. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

13 Shower baths Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

14 Shower Baths  Bath designed with a larger area at the base to give space for an overhead shower.  Showering is an effective way of saving water.  A shower bath gives you a choice of showering or bathing where space is limited. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

15 Shower baths vs bucket  Showering is an effective way of saving water as compared bathing with bucket.  A person uses 40 lt. of water for bathing which is 30% of LPCD and amount of water used by shower depends upon type of shower,pressure and time period the shower taken. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

16 Shower restrictor  A restrictor reduces the amount of water used.  The restrictor is inserted between the valve and shower kit.  Showers can use anything from 10 to over 30 litres of water per minute depending on the water pressure.  Shower restrictor limits the water flow to 9 litres per minute at 3 bar.  A typical 7 minute shower with water restrictor can save between 40 and 80 litres of water compared to having a bath. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

17 Taps & Mixers Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

18 Ceramic Disc Taps  Ceramic disc taps use a very hard ceramic material in the valve.  gives precise control and reduces the chance of having a dripping tap.  Over time a dripping tap can waste many litres of water.  A dripping tap wastes up to 4 litres of water per day. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

19 Click TechnologyTaps  Resistance is felt in lever when the tap is delivering half the potential water flow.  When lever ‘clicks’ tap delivers 100% flow.  Cuts water usage by 50% if lever is stopped before click. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

20 Self closing taps  Self closing taps can be set to run for a pre-determined amount of time typically 10 to 15 seconds.  This is carried out at installation. This means taps are not left on by accident as well as ensuring washroom are not flooded.  Ideal for schools and high uses areas such as airports. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

21 Self closing taps When used commercially;  Lever is pushed down to activate tap.  Water flow automatically stops after a period of time.  Run time is manually adjusted on installation – typically 10 to 15 seconds. Controlled water delivery.  No risk of tap being left on resulting in flooded washroom. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

22 Sensor flow Taps  Integral sensor shuts off after 3 seconds from when hand is removed.  Spouts with integral sensors detect hands within the sensing range and the solenoid valve is opened.  The valve remains open for 3 seconds after the removal of hands and up to a maximum of 30 seconds if a hand or object is continuously detected. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

23 Sensor flow Taps  Infrared sensor detects user and operates Water delivered only when it is needed.  Fittings can be stand alone or be part of an integrated washroom system controlled by one unit.  Water delivered only when it is needed. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

24 Sensor flow Taps  Spouts with remote sensors operate differently.  When hands are detected within close proximity of the sensor, the solenoid valve opens and water is delivered for a maximum of 30 seconds.  The solenoid valve can be closed within this period by a second activation of the sensor. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

25 Airated Flow Restrictor Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

26 Airated Flow Restrictor  Taps can use as much as 8 to 9 litres of water per minute depending on water pressure.  Restrictor is screwed into the mixer spout to reduce the amount of water used.  Controls water to 6 litres per minute at 3 bar.  Airated nozzle gives softer water feel, ideal for hand washing. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

27 Airated Flow Restrictor  Taps can use as much as 8 to 9 litres of water per minute depending on water pressure.  Restrictor is screwed into the mixer spout to reduce the amount of water used  Reduces water to 6 litres per minute at 3 bar.  Airated nozzle gives softer water feel, ideal for hand washing. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

28 Urinals  Waterless urinal  Aridian urinal uses a filter that breaks downuric acids and acts as a trap. The system requires no water. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

29 Urinals  Sensor flow urinal  Sensorflow Urinal systems are only activated when the sensor detects use  Reduces the amount of times the flush is activated and can offer huge water savings Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

30 FEMALE URINALS  Instead of WC,WATER EFFICIENT URINALS should be used at PUBLIC PLACES like Hospitals,Airports,Railway Station, etc.  Latest technologies like SENSOR FLOW,TIME FLUSH,AUTOMATIC FLUSH can be used. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

31 WATERLESS URINAL  urinals that use no water at all, first invented by  a German named Klaus Reichardt  use a trap insert filled with a sealant liquid instead of water  The lighter-than-water sealant floats on top of the urine collected in the U-bend, preventing odours from being released into the air.  the cartridge and sealant must be periodically replaced.  the system saves anywhere between 15,000 and 45,000 gallons (approx. 55,000 and 170,000 litres) of water per urinal per year. Downloaded from CivilDigital.comCivilDigital.com

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