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Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression. Fire Chemistry Fire Extinguishers Firefighting Techniques Hazardous Materials Size-Up.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression. Fire Chemistry Fire Extinguishers Firefighting Techniques Hazardous Materials Size-Up."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression

2 Fire Chemistry Fire Extinguishers Firefighting Techniques Hazardous Materials Size-Up

3 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Oakland Hills home every 11 sec

4 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Oakland Hills ,500 Homes burned 1,000 acres charred

5 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry San Bruno 2010

6 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry San Bruno 2010

7 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry  Put out small fires if safe to do so.  Make sure fires stay extinguished to prevent additional fires.  Shut-off utilities, when necessary and safe to do so.  Assist with evacuations where necessary, or secure area. The role of CERTs

8 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Safety Video

9 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry  Heat: required to elevate the temperature of material to its ignition point.  Fuel: solid, liquid, or gas.  Oxygen: feeds the fire. Fire Chemistry

10 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry  A: Ordinary combustibles  B: Flammable and combustible liquids  C: Energized electrical equipment  D: Combustible metals Classes of Fire

11 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers Know how to use it!  Gauge  Nozzle  Pin  Hose  Label  State Fire Marshal tag Components

12 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers  Swimming pool or spa water  Sand or dirt  Garden hose  Others? Creative Firefighting Resources

13 Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

14 Fire Safety and Suppression Firefighting Techniques  Use safety equipment at all times.  Work with a buddy.  Have a backup team.  Always have 2 ways to exit the fire area.  Confine the fire.  Stay low to the ground.  Maintain safe distance.  Make sure fire stays out! Fire Suppression Safety

15 Fire Safety and Suppression Hazardous Materials Identifying Hazardous Materials =

16 Fire Safety and Suppression Size-Up  Can my buddy and I fight the fire safely?  Do we have the right equipment  Are there other hazards?  Is the building going to collapse?  Can we escape if we need to? Gathering of Information for Decision Making

17 Fire Safety and Suppression Size-Up 1.Gather facts. 2.Assess the scene. 3.Identify your resources. 4.Establish your fire suppression priorities. 5.Develop a plan. 6.Conduct fire suppression. 7.Evaluate your progress. Scene size-up

18 Fire Safety and Suppression Review  Your safety comes first!  Only attempt to extinguish fires within the CERT scope of practice.  Use the buddy system.  Safety rules/protective equipment.  Resources.  Effective fire suppression techniques. Fire Safety and Suppression Review


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