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Solar Thermal Biomass Processor Jeremy R.G. Anderson, Joshua A. Hoverman, and Matthew J. Traum, Ph.D. Engineering A Sustainable Earth.

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Presentation on theme: "Solar Thermal Biomass Processor Jeremy R.G. Anderson, Joshua A. Hoverman, and Matthew J. Traum, Ph.D. Engineering A Sustainable Earth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Solar Thermal Biomass Processor Jeremy R.G. Anderson, Joshua A. Hoverman, and Matthew J. Traum, Ph.D. Engineering A Sustainable Earth Mechanical Engineering Department, Milwaukee School of Engineering Milwaukee, Wisconsin

2 Overview Thermal Processing Markets Benefits Progress Future Work Desired Outcomes

3 Parabolic Trough

4 Receiver Tube (Reactor) Parabolic Trough Products Hopper Controls

5 Waste Biomass In Waste Biomass In Drying TorrefactionPyrolysis Syngas Biochar electricity fertilizer 300K – 373K 80 0 F – F 473K – 553K F – F 553K – 873K F – 1,111 0 F

6 System Parameters P=16kJ/s=16kW 16m 2 Needed Power Heat

7 Solar Receiver Tube(Reactor) 58 MJ 900 MJ Heat Loss 8 MJ 617 MJ Syngas Heat Biochar 333 MJ 617 MJ Syngas Heat Biochar 333 MJ At 15 MJ/kg At 15 MJ/kg Energy cycle per hour

8 Markets Agriculture Forestry Municipal waste Bio-fuel production

9 Environment Renewable energy Carbon sequestering process Facilitates organic farming Improves soil quality Reduces run-off pollution

10 Economics Energy products Eliminate solid-waste tipping fees Reduce fertilizer costs (Biochar) Carbon credit sales Creates new sustainable jobs Retains current jobs

11 Biomass Syngas Biochar Prototype

12 Components

13 Phase II FF-MCHP system (Flexible Fuel Micro Combined Heat and Power) Consolidate power generation with hot water and air services Develop a robust and inexpensive disc turbine for power generation Design intuitive turbine controls for optimal waste heat utilization Optimize total system thermal efficiency

14 Comp Disc Turbine Gen. Hot Water Hot Air Hot Air Combustion Chamber Combustion Chamber Syngas Methane ATM Modified Brayton Cycle

15 Nozzle Rotor Disk Turbine Components Source: Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Ferenc Lezsovits

16 Desired Outcomes Pilot system for Sweet Water by May 2013 Closed loop urban agriculture Synergy of multiple technologies Proof of concept

17

18 Solar Thermal Biomass Processor Jeremy R.G. Anderson, Joshua A. Hoverman, and Matthew J. Traum, Ph.D. Engineering A Sustainable Earth Mechanical Engineering Department, Milwaukee School of Engineering Milwaukee, Wisconsin

19 Acknowledgements EASE Board of Directors Sigma XI MSOE Research Team – Josh Hoverman – Kyle Pace – Matt Wesley

20 References [1] Steinfeld A, Palumbo R: Solar Thermochemical Process Technology. In: Meyers RA, editor. Encyclopedia of physical science and technology. New York: Academic Press, ISBN , 2001;15:237–56. [2] Carolan J, Joshi S, Dale B: Technical and Financial Feasibility Analysis of Distributed Bioprocessing Using Regional Biomass Pre-Processing Centers. J Agric Food Ind Org 2007, 5: [3] Gallagher P, Dikeman M, Fritz J, Wailes E, Gauther W, and Shapouri H: Biomass from Crop Residues: Cost and Supply Estimates. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist, Office of Energy Policy and New Uses. Agricultural Economic Report No. 819 [4] Kellig R, Brenta G, Stephen J, Norman R, Nelsehmann S: Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, and School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW2251, Australia [5] Prins M, Ptasinski K, Janssen F: Thermodynamics of Gas-Char Reactions: First and Second Law Analysis. Chemical Engineering Science 58 (13-16): [6] Roberts K, Gloy B, Joseph S, Scott N, Lehmann J: Life Cycle Assessment of Biochar Systems: Estimating the Energetic. Economic and Climate Change Potential, Environmental Science and Technology 44, 827–833.


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