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Presented by SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES REPLACING GRANDFATHER RIGHTS.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES REPLACING GRANDFATHER RIGHTS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES REPLACING GRANDFATHER RIGHTS

2 Level 2 Award in the Safe Use of Pesticides Replacing Grandfather Rights What are Grandfather Rights? Under previous legislation, anyone born before 31 st December 1964 did not need a Certificate of Competence (CoC) to apply a professional plant protection product (PPP). From 26 th November 2015, EVERYONE will require a CoC to apply PPPs.

3 Introduction The qualification consists of one mandatory unit and three optional units: Mandatory: 051: The principles of safe handling and application of pesticides on own land Optional: 052: Hand held pesticide application on own land 053: Operating machines to apply pesticides to own land 054: Applying pesticides using other specific equipment or methods to own land

4 This section covers one optional unit: Hand held pesticide application on own land Unit 052

5 The majority of this unit is practical: most outcomes and assessment criteria will be examined by observation, for example in the use of a Knapsack Sprayer. For some outcomes and assessment criteria the Assessor will ask questions to confirm your knowledge: this PowerPoint and your workbook will help you prepare for those questions. Unit 052

6 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 1.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land You will be asked to describe ONE legal obligation of the operator under these requirements: These obligations are outlined in blue on the next slide. (If you have already completed the mandatory unit 051 you may not need to be assessed on this)

7 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 1.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land Write ONE of the operator’s legal obligations in your workbook: to comply with the current Pesticide Code of Practice to comply with The Plant Protection Products (Sustainable Use) (Regulations 2012) to ensure that the equipment is in good condition and all required guards are in place as stated in the operators manual (if applicable)

8 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 1.2 Describe how to apply pesticides safely using hand held pedestrian equipment to own land following industry best practice You will be asked to describe ONE operator safety regulation that relates to using hand held pedestrian equipment:

9 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 2.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land Write in your workbook ONE operator safety regulation that applies when using hand held pedestrian equipment: comply with codes of best practice be aware of any safety implications imposed by Risk/COSHH Assessment and comply with the requirements Assessment criterion 1.2 Describe how to apply pesticides safely using hand held pedestrian equipment to own land following industry best practice

10 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 2.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land You will also be asked to describe the operational features of overall treatment AND spot treatments; THREE features for each are required: Assessment criterion 1.2 Describe how to apply pesticides safely using hand held pedestrian equipment to own land following industry best practice

11 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 2.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land Write THREE of the operational features of an overall treatment in your workbook: Techniques include: consistent walking speed regular pumping to maintain constant pressure consistent nozzle height accurate on/off points matching of bouts avoidance of ‘off target’ application Assessment criterion 1.2 Describe how to apply pesticides safely using hand held pedestrian equipment to own land following industry best practice

12 Outcome 1. Know the legislative and safety regulations relating to sprayer/applicator use on own land Assessment criterion 2.1 Describe the legal requirements relating to applying pesticides using hand held pedestrian operated application equipment to own land Write THREE of the operational features of a spot treatment in your workbook: Techniques include: use of a suitable nozzle maintaining a suitable height timed applications avoidance of under/over dosing avoidance of ‘off target’ application Assessment criterion 1.2 Describe how to apply pesticides safely using hand held pedestrian equipment to own land following industry best practice

13 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides You will be asked to identify FIVE possible risks to the environment: Assessment criterion 2.1 Identify risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides These are indicated in blue on the next slide. Write FIVE of them in your workbook.

14 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides ‘run off’ if the ground conditions are not suitable pollution of water courses pesticide entering drains pollution of boreholes, water protection zones pesticide contamination of environmental margins detrimental affect on wildlife application to non-target plants damage to sensitive crops/areas damage to hedgerows affecting housing limiting public/animal access to the area any other risks specific to the site Assessment criterion 2.1 Identify risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides

15 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides You will then be asked to explain how to minimise the risks you have identified: Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land the next slide lists some of the ways to minimise these risks: select those for the FIVE risks you chose, and write the points in your workbook

16 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land use of an appropriate pesticide, preference given to product with least environmental impact careful timing of application check and maintain application rate avoiding spray drift avoid situations where run off occurs observing buffer zones erection of warning signs notify neighbours before application signage to inform the public of pesticide application

17 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides During your practical assessment you will also be asked to check and comment on the wind speed and direction. You will need to be able to state the wind direction and force/speed, and know if conditions are suitable for spraying. Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land You will be asked to state the reason for minimising off-target application and spray drift:

18 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides In your workbook, summarise what may be affected by off-target application or spray drift: What would be the effects of drift on - crops, - people, - wildlife, - water and the environment? Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land

19 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides You will be asked to state THREE factors that may affect spray drift: Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land

20 Outcome 2. Understand the environmental factors relating to mixing and application of pesticides Assessment criterion 2.2 Explain how to minimise the risks to the environment when mixing and applying pesticides on own land In your workbook state THREE factors, from: weather conditions direction of spraying nozzle type and size pressure walking speed nozzle height defective equipment

21 Outcome 3. Be able to read and interpret product information During your practical assessment you will be required to read and interpret the information on a product label and provide relevant information as requested. You will be expected to provide the label and you may highlight the key information on it ready for your assessment. Assessment criteria 3.1 Read product information and; 3.2 Interpret product information

22 Outcome 3. Be able to read and interpret product information You will need a label for a product with current approval, which is appropriate to your work: You will be asked for: Assessment criteria 3.1 Read product information and; 3.2 Interpret product information the product name the active substances or ingredients You may also be asked about:

23 Outcome 3. Be able to read and interpret product information General information: field of use crop/target maximum individual dose maximum total dose maximum number of treatments specific product precautions/warnings operator protection environmental protection restrictions on use Assessment criteria 3.1 Read product information and; 3.2 Interpret product information

24 Outcome 3. Be able to read and interpret product information Crop-specific information: crop/target dose rate water volume timing Mixing and spraying information: filling reduced volume applications (if applicable) recommended nozzle(s) recommended pressure spray quality compatibility additional label information Assessment criteria 3.1 Read product information and; 3.2 Interpret product information

25 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator carry out all pre-use checks relevant to the sprayer/applicator being used for the assessment part fill the sprayer/applicator and check for satisfactory operation Assessment criterion 4.1 Carry out pre-use checks to the sprayer/applicator During your practical assessment you will be asked to:

26 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criterion 4.2 Identify suitable operating pressure and select nozzles according to application requirements ● to select the correct pressure (for the nozzle/task) ● to check nozzle is fitted correctly, its condition and spray pattern using any appropriate method as well as two more practical assessments:

27 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criterion 4.1 Carry out pre-use checks to the sprayer/applicator You will also be asked to identify and explain the use of the nozzle fitted to the applicator, and one other:

28 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criterion 4.1 Carry out pre-use checks to the sprayer/applicator In your workbook, fill in the type, spray quality and use for each nozzle shown: PictureTypeSpray quality and use Deflector (anvil) Medium/coarse spray quality. Generally used to apply herbicides Full coneMedium/coarse spray quality. Suitable for spot treatment and spraying around obstacles using herbicides

29 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criterion 4.1 Carry out pre-use checks to the sprayer/applicator In your workbook, fill in the type, spray quality and use for each nozzle shown: PictureTypeSpray quality and use (Flat) Fan nozzle Fine, medium or coarse spray quality. Suitable for use with hand held applicators Hollow coneFine spray quality. Generally used for insecticide and fungicide treatment

30 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator demonstrate how to make adjustments to the sprayer/applicator calibrate the sprayer/applicator and; record relevant calibration data Assessment criteria 4.3 Make appropriate adjustments to the application equipment and; 4.4 Calibrate the sprayer/applicator and record relevant data During your practical assessment you will be asked to:

31 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator You will be asked to measure an area to be treated: ● you must measure this accurately You will be asked to calculate the area: ● you will need to make an accurate calculation Assessment criteria 4.5 Measure the area to be treated and 4.6 Calculate the area to be treated

32 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator calculate the quantities required for the area you have just calculated, and a full tank Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required) During your practical assessment you will be asked to: The following slides take you through one method of calculating this. There are other methods you can use. As long as you can accurately calibrate the sprayer it does not matter which method you demonstrate to the Assessor.

33 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator For this method there are three measurements to collect when calibrating a knapsack sprayer these are: Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required) 1.The walking speed of the operator in km per hour (kph) 2. The output per minute of the sprayer in litres 3. The width of each pass of the sprayer, commonly known as the bout or swath width in metres

34 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Put on your PPE; half fill the tank with water: Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required) 1.To Calculate operator walking speed – Measure a distance of 100 metres. Put the knapsack on your back and start pumping, walk at a steady walking pace, pumping the sprayer every few seconds to maintain constant pressure and flow from the nozzle. Time yourself in seconds.

35 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator To calculate walking speed the calculation is: 360 the time to travel 100m = speed in kilometres per hour if it takes 90 seconds to cover 100m the calculation would be: = 4 km/h ‘360’ is a constant figure (3600 seconds in an hour) to enable the speed calculation to work!) Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

36 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator 2. To measure the output of the sprayer – When the knapsack is up to pressure, release the trigger into an empty bucket for exactly 1 minute, pumping the sprayer every few seconds to maintain constant pressure. After a minute, measure how much water has been sprayed out via the nozzle in litres. e.g. a single nozzle sprayed out 1.2 litres in one minute Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

37 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator hold the lance at the appropriate height. spray onto a dry piece of concrete, paving or tarmac pump the sprayer every few seconds to maintain constant pressure and flow from the nozzle measure the width of the spray. e.g. bout or (swath width) 1.2 m Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required) 3. To ascertain the bout (swath) width –

38 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator 600 x output (l/m) = total output (l/ha) speed (k/h) x swath width (m) Note the ‘600’ is a constant figure you will use, like the ‘360’ in the speed formula: It converts litres per minute into litres per hour, and converts your total to a quantity per hectare. Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required) To calculate the output of the sprayer per hectare:

39 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Example : 600 x 1.2 (output l/m) = 150 (volume l/ha ) 4 (speed km/h) x 1.2 (swath width m) Note: The spray volume is actually the amount of chemical and water per hectare. So 5 litres of chemical per hectare in a minimum of 200 litres of water per hectare will actually be 5 litres of chemical and 195 litres of water to make up the overall 200 litres of spray per hectare. (check this against label recommendations) Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

40 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator How much chemical concentrate do you put in a full knapsack? Tank capacity (l) x dose rate (l/ha) = Amount of concentrate (l) Calibrated Spray Volume (l/ha) for a 15 litre knapsack, and a chemical which is applied at 5 l/ha and the calibrated spray volume is 200 l/ha 15 x 5 litres = litres ( 375ml) 200 Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

41 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator How much will one tank cover at this spray volume (l/ha)? spray volume = number of full tanks per hectare tank capacity e.g. 200 litres = tanks per hectare 15 one hectare (10,000 m 2 ) Number of tanks per hectare e.g. 10,000 = 750m 2 for each full tank Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

42 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator How much water and chemical concentrate is required? Measure and calculate the area example: 25m x 8m = 200m 2. Calculate the amount of water example: spray volume is 200 l/ha, dose rate is 5 l/ha Volume of spray x area = 200 x 200 = 4 litres 10,000 10,000 Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

43 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator calculate the amount of chemical concentrate example: spray volume is 200 l/ha, dose rate is 5 l/ha Dose rate (l/ha) x area (m 2 ) = chemical concentrate required 10,000 5 x 200 = 0.1 litres (100ml) of chemical concentrate 10,000 You need 0.1 litre (100ml) chemical in 3.9 litres water Assessment criterion 4.7 Calculate the quantities of pesticide and water required (or amount of premix required)

44 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations To practise for the assessment, you are going to calculate: 1. the amount of water Q required for a specified area F 2. the amount of pesticide N required for a specified area F 3. the amount of water S required for a full tank 4. the amount of pesticide R required for a full tank

45 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations In your workbook there is a calibration sheet, with a sheet that summarises the details you need for your calculations: First we need to assign some figures to this:

46 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations Tank capacity: A = 20 litres Nozzle output: B 1.2 l/min Bout/swath width: C 0.8 metres Time for 100 metres: D 75 seconds Pesticide dose rate: E (from pesticide label) 5 l/ha Area to be sprayed: calculate F

47 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations Calculate the area to be sprayed, F: Length (m) x width(m) = area (m 2) ÷ 10,000 = area (ha) 20m x 40m = 800 = 0.08 ha 10,000 F = 0.08 ha

48 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations Walking Speed (G) = 360 ÷ Time for 100 metres (D) D = 75 seconds G = 360 ÷ 75 = 4.8 kph Sprayer Application rate (H) in l/ha (Total volume of water and pesticide to spray 1 hectare) Nozzle output B x 600 ÷ Speed G (KPH) ÷ Swath width C = H 1.2 x 600 ÷ 4.8 ÷ 0.8 = l/ha H (water and pesticide)

49 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations Total volume M needed to spray area F: Sprayer Application rate H (l/ha) x Area to be Sprayed F (ha) x 0.08 = 15 litres M (water and pesticide) To calculate the amount of pesticide N needed to spray area F: Pesticide Dose Rate E (l/ha) x Area to be Sprayed F (ha) 5x 0.08 = 0.4 litres x 1000 = 400 ml N (pesticide) To calculate the amount of water Q needed to spray area F: Total volume M – Pesticide N = Water Q 15 litres (15000ml) – 0.4 litres (400 ml) = 14.6 litres (14600ml) water Q

50 Outcome 4. Be able to prepare and calibrate a hand held pedestrian applicator Assessment criteria 4.4, 4.5, recap of calculations Amount of Pesticide R needed for a FULL tank : Tank capacity A x Dose Rate E x 1000 ÷ Sprayer Application rate H = amount of pesticide R (ml) R = 20 x 5 x1000 ÷ = 533 ml or 0.53 litres Amount of water S needed for a FULL tank : Tank capacity A – pesticide R = amount of water S S = 20, = 19,467 ml or litres

51 Outcome 5. Be able to operate the application equipment to apply pesticides on own land During your practical assessment you will be required to: measure the correct quantities of water and concentrate required for the area you have measured and calculated and add to the sprayer/applicator, or attach a pesticide container containing premix This will normally be a simulated pesticide product Assessment criterion 5.1 Measure the required quantities and add to the sprayer/applicator, or attach pesticide container

52 Outcome 5. Be able to operate the application equipment to apply pesticides on own land During your practical assessment you will be required to: treat the area you have measured out, demonstrating safe and accurate application procedures using correct PPE to protect yourself protecting bystanders and the environment by avoiding off-target application and overdosing Assessment criteria 5.2 Demonstrate safe and accurate application procedures and; 5.3 Carry out all activities protecting human health and environment

53 Outcome 5. Be able to operate the application equipment to apply pesticides on own land As part of your practical assessment you will be required to complete a treatment record like this one in your workbook: Assessment criteria 5.4 Complete a treatment record

54 Outcome 5. Be able to operate the application equipment to apply pesticides on own land You will need to fill in the record accurately - and legibly if it is a paper version. Assessment criteria 5.4 Complete a treatment record

55 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures You will be asked to explain how to deal with ONE OF EACH of the following: surplus concentrate, dilute pesticide, containers and packaging Assessment criterion 6.1 Explain how to manage surplus pesticide and dispose of waste material

56 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures Write in your workbook: ONE method of managing surplus concentrate pesticide return to temporary mobile store return to fixed store ONE method of managing surplus dilute pesticide back on to site as long as it is below the maximum dose rate use on another approved crop/target treated by specialist treatment facility on site (e.g. a lined bio - bed) collected by a licensed waste disposal contractor Assessment criterion 6.1 Explain how to manage surplus pesticide and dispose of waste material

57 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures Write in your workbook: ONE method of dealing with containers triple rinsed placed in secure storage until disposal returned to supplier collected by licensed waste disposal contractor ONE method of dealing with waste packaging thoroughly emptied placed in secure storage until disposal collected by licensed waste disposal contractor Assessment criterion 6.1 Explain how to manage surplus pesticide and dispose of waste material

58 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures You will be asked to describe how to clean the sprayer/applicator after use: Assessment criterion 6.2 Describe how to clean and decontaminate the sprayer/applicator

59 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures Describe in your workbook how you would do this: select and use correct PPE and follow safe procedures select an appropriate site for cleaning the sprayer/applicator triple rinse the applicator, following product information recommendations flush the system thoroughly dispose of contaminated washings safely, in an appropriate manner (following good practice) Assessment criterion 6.2 Describe how to clean and decontaminate the sprayer/applicator

60 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures You will be asked to state TWO factors to consider when storing the sprayer/applicator: Assessment criterion 6.3 State the storage requirements for the sprayer/applicator after use

61 Outcome 6. Understand how to carry out post operational procedures Write TWO factors in your workbook: make sure the applicator is de-pressurised ensure the sprayer/applicator is clean and dry inspect for wear or damage carry out repairs lubricate if required protect the applicator from frost and remove nozzles and filters store in a secure area store under cover and out of direct sunlight Assessment criterion 6.2 Describe how to clean and decontaminate the sprayer/applicator

62 Level 2 Award in the Safe Use of Pesticides Replacing Grandfather Rights (PAGR) ANY QUESTIONS ON UNIT 2? Summary


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