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I N T E G R A T E D COMPRESSED AIR FOAM SYSTEMS Systems Inc. www.fireflex.com Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs.

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Presentation on theme: "I N T E G R A T E D COMPRESSED AIR FOAM SYSTEMS Systems Inc. www.fireflex.com Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs."— Presentation transcript:

1 I N T E G R A T E D COMPRESSED AIR FOAM SYSTEMS Systems Inc. Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs

2 History: FireFlex 1990 Power Plants Unit 1991 Commercial Unit 2002 Second Generation INTEGRATED SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

3 Expanding the concept: Extended range of configurations: Skid unit Remote controlled unit Self-contained unit INTEGRATED SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

4 Integrated Clean Agent Systems FireFlex 1230

5 Integrated Clean Agent Systems FireFlex DUAL

6 1.COMPRESSED AIR FOAM (CAF) TECHNOLOGY: Introduction & history Description Fire Tests 1.COMPRESSED AIR FOAM (CAF) TECHNOLOGY: Introduction & history Description Fire Tests Agenda Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs

7 2.ICAF SYSTEM: Components Design Applications Case Studies 2.ICAF SYSTEM: Components Design Applications Case Studies 3.CONCLUSION Agenda Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs

8 1941: Hose lines by US Army during WWII 1994: First fixed piping tests for CDN Navy 2001: Licensing agreement with NRCC 2004: FM Approval: Hydrocarbons 1941: Hose lines by US Army during WWII 1994: First fixed piping tests for CDN Navy 2001: Licensing agreement with NRCC 2004: FM Approval: Hydrocarbons CAF TECHNOLOGY History:

9 2006: NFPA-11, TIA # 05-1: New foam type 2006: FM Approval enhanced: Polar solvents 2007: Meets FM 5130 requirements 2007: Simultaneous CAF & Spkr Discharge Testing - FM Approved 2008 : NFPA CAF New Option 2009 : FM 7-29 Flam. Liquid Portable Storage 2006: NFPA-11, TIA # 05-1: New foam type 2006: FM Approval enhanced: Polar solvents 2007: Meets FM 5130 requirements 2007: Simultaneous CAF & Spkr Discharge Testing - FM Approved 2008 : NFPA CAF New Option 2009 : FM 7-29 Flam. Liquid Portable Storage CAF TECHNOLOGY History and industry recognition :

10 Foam Type Expansion ratio Low expansion 1:20 CAF 10:1 Medium expansion 20:200 High expansion200:1000 Foam Type Expansion ratio Low expansion 1:20 CAF 10:1 Medium expansion 20:200 High expansion200:1000 Introduction : Fire-fighting foams NFPA 11

11 3 basic components of foam : Foam Concentrates – Synthetic AFFF’s Foam Generation – Aeration vs. agitation Delivery & Distribution System 3 basic components of foam : Foam Concentrates – Synthetic AFFF’s Foam Generation – Aeration vs. agitation Delivery & Distribution System Introduction : Fire-fighting foams

12 Performance : 2 contributing factors Greater Exp Ratio – high end of low ex Long Drain time – ability to hold water Performance : 2 contributing factors Greater Exp Ratio – high end of low ex Long Drain time – ability to hold water Introduction : Foam Quality - Low exp Extinguishing Mechanism - seals fuel surface CAF - Improved physical separation on top of fuel Extinguishing Mechanism - seals fuel surface CAF - Improved physical separation on top of fuel

13 Description: Compressed Air Foam (CAF) CAF TECHNOLOGY Uniform & stable Robust foam blanket Low-Ex : 10:1 New foam type Uniform & stable Robust foam blanket Low-Ex : 10:1 New foam type

14 Foam Concentrate Compressed Air CAF An homogenous foam produced by combining… Water Mixing Chamber Description: Piping Network CAF Nozzles ICAF Cabinet CAF TECHNOLOGY

15 Lower design densities: 0.06 at 6% 0.26 at 3% Ketone 0.06 at 6% 0.24 at 3% Polar solvents : Alcohol 0.04 at 2% 0.16 at 3% Hydrocarbons CAF Foam-Water Density gpm / sq. ft. Flammable liquid Uses 4 times less water Description: Compressed Air Foam (CAF) CAF TECHNOLOGY

16 Shorter discharge durations: 5 minutes on Specific Hazard Configuration 10 minutes on Ceiling Nozzle Configuration with automatic shut-off after foam discharge Shorter discharge durations: 5 minutes on Specific Hazard Configuration 10 minutes on Ceiling Nozzle Configuration with automatic shut-off after foam discharge Description: Compressed Air Foam (CAF) CAF TECHNOLOGY

17 Foam Concentrates: Hydrocarbons: National Foam Aer-O-Lite 3% AFFF & Aer-O-Water 3EM 3% AFFF (MIL Spec.) Polar Solvents: Ansul Ansulite 3X3 LV Alcohol Resistant AFFF Foam Concentrates: Hydrocarbons: National Foam Aer-O-Lite 3% AFFF & Aer-O-Water 3EM 3% AFFF (MIL Spec.) Polar Solvents: Ansul Ansulite 3X3 LV Alcohol Resistant AFFF Description: Compressed Air Foam (CAF) CAF TECHNOLOGY

18 Foam concentrate : Non-toxic & Biodegradable Storage: 20°F (-7°C) and 120°F (49°C) Shelf-life: years Ref. NFPA-11 – Annex F Foam concentrate : Non-toxic & Biodegradable Storage: 20°F (-7°C) and 120°F (49°C) Shelf-life: years Ref. NFPA-11 – Annex F Description: Compressed Air Foam (CAF) CAF TECHNOLOGY

19 Compressed Air Foam Description: Comparing foam consistencies Foam-Water CAF TECHNOLOGY

20 UL 162 Spill Fire Fire tests: Class 'B' - Flammable Liquids Transformers CAF TECHNOLOGY 'Critical' Applications 'Critical' Applications Typical sprinklers

21 Description: Typical System Layout Integrated Cabinet Foam Tank Air Cylinders Distribution Nozzles Piping Network ICAF SYSTEM (water tank also available)

22 Description: Typical System Layout Integrated Skid Air Cylinders ICAF SYSTEM Foam Tank Twin Hazards Trim Cabinet Twin Hazards Trim Cabinet (water tank also available)

23 Air Cylinders CAF TECHNOLOGY Components: Integrated System Water Tank Integrated Skid Foam Tank

24 Turbine action rotary nozzles ceiling & specific hazard configurations Turbine action rotary nozzles ceiling & specific hazard configurations Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM

25 Ceiling Nozzle Configuration: Max. spacing: 12’-3" x 12’-3" (10’-0" x 10’-0" on polar solvents) Max. dimension: 16 ft. (irregular spacing) Max. height: 46 ft. (35 ft. on polar solvents) Ceiling Nozzle Configuration: Max. spacing: 12’-3" x 12’-3" (10’-0" x 10’-0" on polar solvents) Max. dimension: 16 ft. (irregular spacing) Max. height: 46 ft. (35 ft. on polar solvents) Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM TAR-225C

26 Typical discharge pattern Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM

27 TAR-225C Nozzle: Balanced flows with bullhead tees Small pipe sizes 150 ft 2 per nozzle 4800 ft 2 per zone TAR-225C Nozzle: Balanced flows with bullhead tees Small pipe sizes 150 ft 2 per nozzle 4800 ft 2 per zone Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM

28 Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM Specific hazard configuration: Aimed directly at hazard surface 7 ft. diam. discharge pattern 10 ft. horizontal throw Effective on cascading fires Specific hazard configuration: Aimed directly at hazard surface 7 ft. diam. discharge pattern 10 ft. horizontal throw Effective on cascading fires TAR-225L

29 Balanced flows Groups of 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 nozzles Same equiv. length for each branch pipe Bullhead tees Balanced flows Groups of 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 nozzles Same equiv. length for each branch pipe Bullhead tees Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM

30 Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM Typical discharge patterns

31 Coverage on cascading fire Components: Foam Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM

32 Components: Piping requirements ICAF SYSTEM Piping: Black or Galvanized Sch.10 or 40 ASTM A-795, A-53 & A-135 Hangers per NFPA-13 Piping: Black or Galvanized Sch.10 or 40 ASTM A-795, A-53 & A-135 Hangers per NFPA-13 Fittings: Threaded, Grooved, Welded or flanged Cast iron Class 125, ASME B16.4 Malleable iron Class 150, ASME B16.3 Fittings: Threaded, Grooved, Welded or flanged Cast iron Class 125, ASME B16.4 Malleable iron Class 150, ASME B16.3 Improved hydraulics: Feed Main up to 500 ft. (tested and listed) Elevation losses only 10% of water (0.04 psi vs. 0.43) Improved hydraulics: Feed Main up to 500 ft. (tested and listed) Elevation losses only 10% of water (0.04 psi vs. 0.43)

33 Components: New ICAF Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM FPO Oscillating Nozzle: Low level mounting 2” to 4” diam. Inlet pipe 90 ° or 180 ° discharge pattern FPO Oscillating Nozzle: Low level mounting 2” to 4” diam. Inlet pipe 90 ° or 180 ° discharge pattern FPO-4-90

34 Components: ICAF Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM New FPO Oscillating Nozzle: Up to 92 ft. throw 90 or 180 degree arc of oscillation Densities: - Hydrocarbon: GPM/Ft 2 at 3% - Polar solvents: 0.06 GPM/Ft 2 at 6% (FM Approval in progress) New FPO Oscillating Nozzle: Up to 92 ft. throw 90 or 180 degree arc of oscillation Densities: - Hydrocarbon: GPM/Ft 2 at 3% - Polar solvents: 0.06 GPM/Ft 2 at 6% (FM Approval in progress) FPO-4-90

35 Components: ICAF Nozzles ICAF SYSTEM FPO Nozzle Applications: Aircraft hangars Helipads Loading/unloading racks Diked areas FPO Nozzle Applications: Aircraft hangars Helipads Loading/unloading racks Diked areas FPO4-90

36 Examples of application: Hydraulic Presses Diesel Generators Lube Oil Skids Diesel Fuel Storage & Refueling Hydraulic Presses Diesel Generators Lube Oil Skids Diesel Fuel Storage & Refueling ICAF SYSTEM

37 Examples of application: Rolling Mills Pump rooms Fuel Pumping Stations Methanol Storage Etc. Rolling Mills Pump rooms Fuel Pumping Stations Methanol Storage Etc. ICAF SYSTEM

38 Case Studies: Oil Storage Rooms Aircraft Hangars Transformers ICAF SYSTEM

39 ICAF Projects / Deciding Factors CONCLUSION Project Water Supply Containment & Drainage Environment & Performance 6 x Aircraft Hangars in USA & Canada (26 to 46,000 ft 2 ) Montreal Transit Commission Diesel Refueling Stations CFB Trenton, ON Fuel Trucks Garages Belco, Bermuda XFormers, Fuel Transf Pumps Sam Electron, QC Flamm. Liquid Process

40 ICAF Projects / Deciding Factors CONCLUSION Project Water Supply Containment & Drainage Environment & Performance Encana FCCL Oil Sands Flash Crude Drums Bank of Montreal Fuel Tanks & Pump Room PG & E South San Francisco H-Voltage Regulators Hewitt Chicago Fuel Tank BC Hydro Underground Power Station

41 ICAF Projects / Deciding Factors CONCLUSION Project Water Supply Containment & Drainage Environment & Performance Manitoba Hydro H-Voltage Transformers Pella Windows, IA Wood Treatment Enovation Graphics, FL Flamm. Liquid Room EssChem, PA Alcohol Storage Metro North, NJ Flamm. Liquid Room

42 ICAF Projects / Deciding Factors CONCLUSION Project Water Supply Containment & Drainage Environment & Performance Momentive, FL Flamm. Liquid Process Croda, RI Pump Room Ontario Hydro Transformer Oil Storage

43 Costs Comparisons: 45,000 ft 2 Aircraft Hangar Foam-Water System Water supply: 69% Start-up: 1% System hardware: 15% Detection system: 2% Installation: 13% ICAF System Start-up: 1% System hardware: 42% Water supply: 7% ! Installation: 13% Detection system: 2% Savings 35% ! ICAF SYSTEM

44 Water supply eliminate / reduce size of water tanks & fire pumps Drainage / Containment eliminate / reduce size of drainage systems and spill tanks, oil separators Water supply eliminate / reduce size of water tanks & fire pumps Drainage / Containment eliminate / reduce size of drainage systems and spill tanks, oil separators Reasons to use CAF Systems CONCLUSION

45 System performance effective extinguishing mechanism Environmental impact Less water & foam Reduced disposal costs of AFFF Potential for LEED points System performance effective extinguishing mechanism Environmental impact Less water & foam Reduced disposal costs of AFFF Potential for LEED points CONCLUSION Reasons to use CAF Systems

46 Sustainable Fire Protection Thank you ! Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs Alberta Industrial Fire Chiefs

47 Information required for pricing To determine foam type and nozzle spacing Type of product involved, provide MSDS if available Hydrocarbon or Polar Solvants To determine foam type and nozzle spacing Type of product involved, provide MSDS if available Hydrocarbon or Polar Solvants To establish the nozzle layout Drawing or sketch of the area(s) to be protected Plan view showing dimensions and ceiling height Elevation view required for 3D hazard such as transformer Dimensions and location of obstructions that may affect discharge pattern Beams Columns Ducts Equipment To establish the nozzle layout Drawing or sketch of the area(s) to be protected Plan view showing dimensions and ceiling height Elevation view required for 3D hazard such as transformer Dimensions and location of obstructions that may affect discharge pattern Beams Columns Ducts Equipment

48 Information required for pricing To determine the system size Identify the fire scenario How many zones could be actuated simultaneously Will multiple areas be protected by a single system Single zone system or multiple zone system Could be a multiple zone system design for the largest zone Advantages to use a common foam tank and cylinder bank What is the minimum discharge time ? 5 minutes for specific hazard applications such as transformers 10 minutes for ceiling nozzle applications 20 minutes recommended for aircraft hangars To determine the system size Identify the fire scenario How many zones could be actuated simultaneously Will multiple areas be protected by a single system Single zone system or multiple zone system Could be a multiple zone system design for the largest zone Advantages to use a common foam tank and cylinder bank What is the minimum discharge time ? 5 minutes for specific hazard applications such as transformers 10 minutes for ceiling nozzle applications 20 minutes recommended for aircraft hangars

49 To complete evaluation Determine if minimum water supply is available Based of minimum flow and pressure established during design Determine if available water supply is sufficient May require fire pump if pressure is not sufficient May require stand alone water tank if flow is not sufficient Fireflex can offer a pressure vessel type tank up to 2000 US-gallons Determine if minimum water supply is available Based of minimum flow and pressure established during design Determine if available water supply is sufficient May require fire pump if pressure is not sufficient May require stand alone water tank if flow is not sufficient Fireflex can offer a pressure vessel type tank up to 2000 US-gallons

50 To complete evaluation Determine actuation means What type of fire detection is require ? There are no specific requirements for the ICAF System Heat, rate of rise or compensated, Protectowire, UV-IR, beam could be used to actuate the system Does the hazard area require explosion-proof or weather proof wiring and devices ? Are there any devices that need to be shut down prior to discharge ? Determine actuation means What type of fire detection is require ? There are no specific requirements for the ICAF System Heat, rate of rise or compensated, Protectowire, UV-IR, beam could be used to actuate the system Does the hazard area require explosion-proof or weather proof wiring and devices ? Are there any devices that need to be shut down prior to discharge ?

51 To complete evaluation Identify possible location of system and maintenance area Identify preferred piping route Identify any obstructions to the piping route Record dimensions of possible mechanical room Will a discharge test be done ? Identify possible location of system and maintenance area Identify preferred piping route Identify any obstructions to the piping route Record dimensions of possible mechanical room Will a discharge test be done ?

52

53 Start UL-162

54 UL-162 Based Tests Test Requirements: Density: 0.10 gpm/ft 2 Foam-water 15 ft. high Extinguishment: 5 min. max. Max. 25% foam drainage after 30 sec. Min. 5 min. burn back resistance Test Requirements: Density: 0.10 gpm/ft 2 Foam-water 15 ft. high Extinguishment: 5 min. max. Max. 25% foam drainage after 30 sec. Min. 5 min. burn back resistance FIRE TESTS

55 Test set-up: 50 ft 2 Heptane pan 4 nozzles at 40 ft. H. 12’-3" x 12’-3" spacing 15 sec. pre-burn 5 min. discharge Test set-up: 50 ft 2 Heptane pan 4 nozzles at 40 ft. H. 12’-3" x 12’-3" spacing 15 sec. pre-burn 5 min. discharge UL-162 Based Tests FIRE TESTS

56 Comparing: Foam-water sprinklers AFFF 3% solution 0.16 gpm/ft 2 density Vs. TAR nozzles AFFF 2% solution 0.04 gpm/ft 2 density Comparing: Foam-water sprinklers AFFF 3% solution 0.16 gpm/ft 2 density Vs. TAR nozzles AFFF 2% solution 0.04 gpm/ft 2 density UL-162 Based Tests FIRE TESTS

57 UL-162 Based Tests Comparing extinguishing performances – nozzles at 40’ 2% AFFF CAF 0.04 gpm/ft² 3% AFFF Foam-Water 0.16 gpm/ft² FIRE TESTS

58 UL-162 Test #2 – Nozzles at 40 ft. 5:00 UL162 3:30 0:30 25% Drainage (min:sec) 0.04** 0.16** Density (gpm/ft 2 ) 2% 3% AFFF concentration 26:00 17:09 Burn backBurn back resistance (min:sec) 1:17 1: 42 Extinguishing time (min:sec) CAF Foam-Water ** UL safety factor of 1.6 included FIRE TESTS :30 Hydrocarbon Liquid:

59 Start Safety Factors

60 UL Safety Factors Normal flow: 0.04 gpm / ft 2, 2% AFFF Reduced water flow: factors of 1.33 & 1.64 Increased water flow: factor of 1.6 Foam-water sprinkler: 0.16 gpm / ft 2, 3% AFFF Normal flow: 0.04 gpm / ft 2, 2% AFFF Reduced water flow: factors of 1.33 & 1.64 Increased water flow: factor of 1.6 Foam-water sprinkler: 0.16 gpm / ft 2, 3% AFFF FIRE TESTS

61 UL Safety Factors - Comparing densities Foam-water at 0.16 CAF at 0.04 CAF at CAF at Densities in gpm/sq.ft. FIRE TESTS

62 10:00 1:10 3.3% CAF TAR 3% 1.2% 2.0% AFFF Concent. 17:09 1: Foam-Water 16:50 1: CAF TAR 0.04 Density (gpm/ft 2 ) 30:50 1:00 CAF TAR Burn back Time (min:sec) Extinguishment time (min:sec) Test UL Safety Factors FIRE TESTS

63 Normal Design Density (0.04 gpm/ft 2 ): Safety factor greater than 1.64 Both for extinguishment & burn-back protection Increased & Reduced Densities: Better performance than foam-water sprinklers Normal Design Density (0.04 gpm/ft 2 ): Safety factor greater than 1.64 Both for extinguishment & burn-back protection Increased & Reduced Densities: Better performance than foam-water sprinklers UL Safety Factors FIRE TESTS

64 Start Spill Test

65 Test set-up: 20’ x 20’ test pad Continuous flow of Heptane at 6 gpm 10.7 ft 2 shielded area Nozzles at 35 ft. Test set-up: 20’ x 20’ test pad Continuous flow of Heptane at 6 gpm 10.7 ft 2 shielded area Nozzles at 35 ft. Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

66 4 x Foam-water sprinklers 3% AFFF at 0.16 gpm/ft 2 density vs. 4 x TAR CAF nozzles 2% AFFF at 0.04 gpm/ft 2 density 4 x Foam-water sprinklers 3% AFFF at 0.16 gpm/ft 2 density vs. 4 x TAR CAF nozzles 2% AFFF at 0.04 gpm/ft 2 density Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

67 150 ft 2 Heptane spill before ignition 15 sec. pre burn before system activation 15 sec. pre burn before system activation Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

68 Comparisons of extinguishing performances Spill Fire (Class B flammable liquids) 2% AFFF CAF 0.04 gpm/ft² 3% AFFF Foam-Water 0.16 gpm/ft² FIRE TESTS

69 *** Fuel flow had to be manually stopped ! 4:58 1:55 ICAF N/A *** 1:30 Foam-Water 100% Extinguishment time (min:sec) 99% Extinguishment time (min:sec) Technology Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

70 Shielded area before CAF build-up Shielded area during CAF build-up Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

71 100% fire extinguishment No flammable liquid overflow CAF build up under shielded area Always on top of fuel Limits runoff 100% fire extinguishment No flammable liquid overflow CAF build up under shielded area Always on top of fuel Limits runoff Spill Fire (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

72 Start Transformers Test

73 Transformers: (Class B - flammable liquids) Typical protection: NFPA-15 Deluge system 22 water spray nozzles Requires 240 gpm Typical protection: NFPA-15 Deluge system 22 water spray nozzles Requires 240 gpm FIRE TESTS

74 Test Setup: 20 gpm ‛Volt Esso 35’ Transformer Oil Pre-heated to 167°F (75°C) 8 x TAR-225L Nozzles 2% AFFF at 42.3 gpm Test Setup: 20 gpm ‛Volt Esso 35’ Transformer Oil Pre-heated to 167°F (75°C) 8 x TAR-225L Nozzles 2% AFFF at 42.3 gpm Transformers: (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

75 Comparing extinguishing performances Transformers: (Class B - flammable liquids) 2% AFFF CAF 0.04 gpm/ft² (42.3 gpm) Water Spray Deluge 0.25 gpm/ft² (240 gpm) FIRE TESTS

76 :30 ICAF :55 Deluge Foam (gal) Water (gal) Flow (gpm) Extinguishment Time (min:sec) System Test Results: Transformers: (Class B - flammable liquids) FIRE TESTS

77 Start Critical Applications Test

78 UL-162 Based Tests Critical Applications - Hydrocarbons: 50 ft 2 Heptane pan Alcohol Resistant AFFF Density: 0.06 gpm/ft 2 ICAF 35 ft. high 10’-0” x 10’-0” spacing Critical Applications - Hydrocarbons: 50 ft 2 Heptane pan Alcohol Resistant AFFF Density: 0.06 gpm/ft 2 ICAF 35 ft. high 10’-0” x 10’-0” spacing FIRE TESTS

79 UL-162 Based Tests - Critical Applications: FIRE TESTS

80 UL-162 Based Tests Critical Applications - Hydrocarbons: Extinguishment: 41 seconds 25% foam drainage after 30 minutes Burn back resistance: Self extinguishment ! Alternate: 3% AFFF MIL Spec. Concentrate Density: 0.04 gpm/ft 2 Extinguishment: 38 seconds Critical Applications - Hydrocarbons: Extinguishment: 41 seconds 25% foam drainage after 30 minutes Burn back resistance: Self extinguishment ! Alternate: 3% AFFF MIL Spec. Concentrate Density: 0.04 gpm/ft 2 Extinguishment: 38 seconds FIRE TESTS

81 Start Typical Sprinklers Test

82 UL-162 Based Tests Sprinklers on Heptane Fire: Water only Upright sprinklers (K = 11.2) Mounted at 35 ft. high Density: 0.60 gpm/ft 2 Extinguishment: NO ! Control only… Sprinklers on Heptane Fire: Water only Upright sprinklers (K = 11.2) Mounted at 35 ft. high Density: 0.60 gpm/ft 2 Extinguishment: NO ! Control only… FIRE TESTS

83 UL-162 Based Tests – Water Sprinklers: FIRE TESTS

84 Start Case Study Oil Storage

85 Underground facility 83 ft. x 35 ft. 10 x 8,000 gal. transformer oil storage tanks Underground facility 83 ft. x 35 ft. 10 x 8,000 gal. transformer oil storage tanks Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

86 3000 (12 min.) 3000 (12 min.) 250 Hi-Ex 2140 (10 min.) 214 ICAF (60 min.) 600 Foam Water Water Used (US Gal) Water Used (US Gal) Water Flow (gpm) Technology Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

87 Actual ICAF System footprint Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

88 ICAF System arrangement Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

89 After 2 minutes foam discharge test Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

90 Minimal residues left after 16 hours… Case Studies: Oil Storage Room ICAF SYSTEM

91 Start Case Study Aircraft Hangar

92 Existing hangar: Limited water supply & restricted drainage… Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

93 Dimensions: 184’ x 250’ (46,000 ft 2 ) ceiling at 32 ft. 320 x TAR Nozzles installed at 26 ft. (+ 16 nozzles under a gantry) 5 zones with 64 nozzles each Dimensions: 184’ x 250’ (46,000 ft 2 ) ceiling at 32 ft. 320 x TAR Nozzles installed at 26 ft. (+ 16 nozzles under a gantry) 5 zones with 64 nozzles each Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

94 View of the hangar space Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

95 5 zones piping layout Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

96 2 levels ICAF System mechanical room Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

97 Cabinets, foam tanks & compressed air cylinders Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

98 2 x 2000 gpm diesel fire pumps Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

99 Full discharge test video Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

100 Foam coverage after discharge test Case Studies: Aircraft Hangars ICAF SYSTEM

101 Start Case Study Transformers

102 475 (5 min.) ICAF 5000 (10 min.) Deluge Water Used (US gal) Water Used (US gal) Water Flow (gpm) Water Flow (gpm) Nozzle Qty System Deluge / ICAF Comparison: Case Studies: Power Transformers ICAF SYSTEM

103 ICAF System Piping Layout Case Studies: Power Transformers ICAF SYSTEM Top Front

104 Case Studies: Power Transformers ICAF SYSTEM ICAF System Piping Layout Side Isometric

105 Case Studies: Power Transformers ICAF SYSTEM Actual ICAF System footprint

106 Start Burn Back

107 Foam undisturbed for 15 minutes 1 ft. diam. opening in foam blanket Manual re-ignition of fire after 1 min. Max. burn back of 10 ft 2 after 5 min. Foam undisturbed for 15 minutes 1 ft. diam. opening in foam blanket Manual re-ignition of fire after 1 min. Max. burn back of 10 ft 2 after 5 min. UL-162: Burn Back Tests FIRE TESTS

108 Opening is created in foam blanket… UL-162: Burn Back Tests FIRE TESTS

109 Free fuel is re ignited in the opening… UL-162: Burn Back Tests FIRE TESTS

110 Pipe is removed and fire is allowed to burn freely… UL-162: Burn Back Tests FIRE TESTS

111 10 ft 2 max. burn-back area after 5 min. UL-162: Burn Back Tests FIRE TESTS

112 Start Components

113 ICAF SYSTEM Components: Foam Generation Trim Water supply 50 to 175 psi Water supply 50 to 175 psi Mixing chamber 1", 1½", 2" or 3" Mixing chamber 1", 1½", 2" or 3" Releasing trim: Electric, Pneumatic, or Failsafe Releasing trim: Electric, Pneumatic, or Failsafe Manual release CAF outlets (up to 3) Flow control valve Drain

114 FireFlex ARC-1: Microprocessor based Factory programmed LCD Annunciator User friendly interface FireFlex ARC-1: Microprocessor based Factory programmed LCD Annunciator User friendly interface Components: Releasing Panel ICAF SYSTEM

115 FireFlex ARC-1: EMI resistant Programmable I/O ccts Timers & counters Auxiliary relays Emergency batteries FireFlex ARC-1: EMI resistant Programmable I/O ccts Timers & counters Auxiliary relays Emergency batteries Components: Releasing Panel ICAF SYSTEM

116 No bladder Stainless steel Pressure vessel type (ASME Sect. VIII, Div. 1) Up to 550+ gallons No bladder Stainless steel Pressure vessel type (ASME Sect. VIII, Div. 1) Up to 550+ gallons Components: Foam Supply ICAF SYSTEM

117 Components: Foam Supply Foam outlet Air supply inlet Foam level sight tube Foam refilling valve Pressure vessel type tank (normally non-pressurized) Siphon tube ICAF SYSTEM

118 Factory assembled 4, 6, 8 or 10 cyl. skid Pressure transducer Field refilling port Labor reducing Factory assembled 4, 6, 8 or 10 cyl. skid Pressure transducer Field refilling port Labor reducing Components: Air Supply ICAF SYSTEM

119 Pressure outlet (100psi) Pressure sensor Pressure gauge Refilling port Factory adjusted pressure regulator Components: Air Supply ICAF SYSTEM


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