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3 Basic Types Sub-Irrigation Overhead Irrigation Drip Irrigation
Capillary Matting Non-woven fibers Re-usable Stores water & nutrients Indoor or outdoor use Soluble salt issues
Capillary Matting IHP Capillary Matting (clean) IHP Capillary Matting covered with P17 tissue Removing P17 tissue
Capillary Matting A distribution system is used to wet the mat
Ebb & Flow (Flood) Benches Pots placed in tray Trays are flooded Excess fertilizer solution drains back into reservoir Soluble salt issues Econojet 4x4 Ebb & Flow Bench
Ebb & Flow (Flood) Benches Ebb & Flow Benches at DeJongs, Pella, IA
Flood Floor Irrigation Plants grown on the floor Floor is flooded with a fertilizer solution Plants absorb water and nutrients Unused fertilizer solution is recycled Soluble salt issues
Flood Floor Irrigation Flood Floor Irrigation at Willoway Nurseries
Flood Floor Irrigation Flood Floor Irrigation at DeJongs
Hand Watering Still the preferred method of many growers Never as easy as it looks Difficult to apply water uniformly Problems with wet foliage
Handles & Shut-offs
Plastic Water Collectors Made from re-cycled plastic Pot sits on collector Collector directs water back towards pot
Side View of Collector
Overhead Boom Irrigation Computer controlled Precise application Interchangeable nozzles Can be programmed on a per crop basis Capability of applying fertilizers and pesticides Wet foliage
Fixed Overhead Irrigation Systems Many styles and manufacturers to choose from Nozzles interchangeable Nozzle output measured in GPM at a specified pressure
Dramm Nifty Nozzle Flow Rates Nifty Nozzle Flow Rate in Gallons Per Minute ITEMCOLORSIZE15 PSI22 PSI29 PSI36 PSI 360NN-BRBrown1.75 mm0.290.350.410.46 360NN-GNGreen2.00 mm0.400.490.570.63 360NN-GRGrey2.25 mm0.510.620.720.80 360NN-BLBlue2.50 mm0.630.770.890.99 360NN-RDRed2.75 mm0.760.931.071.20 360NN-OROrange3.00 mm0.901.101.281.43
Fixed Overhead Irrigation Systems Dramm JetRain Nozzles
ECHO System For hanging baskets Baskets hang from hooks on a cable system Irrigating nozzles remain in a fixed position Baskets are brought to the nozzles
Spaghetti Tubes with Emitter Supply line with “punched in” spaghetti tubes Fertilizer solution applied to the surface of the growing medium Foliage remains dry
Spaghetti Tubes with Emitter
Dribble Ring Emitter
Horticulture Science Lesson 44 Using Automated Systems in the Greenhouse.
Types of Watering Systems: Irrigation Systems for Bedding Plants Topic #2155 Created by: Tracey Hoffman
Heating Hot water heat system heating water in a boiler and pumping the hot water through pipes located in the greenhouse located under benches, low maintenance,
Horticulture CD Unit B1 - 3 Floriculture. Problem Area 1 Greenhouse Crop Production.
Exploring Greenhouse Structures. Warm Up What building material can you recognize in this photo?
Hydroponics Systems. Comes from Latin and means “Working Water”. It’s the growing of plants without soil.
Lesson 3 Using Automated Systems in the Greenhouse.
Growing Greenhouse Crops. What Type of Plants Can One Grow in a Greenhouse? Trees? Shrubs? Bulbs Herbacious? Perenials? Annuals Grass? Food? Cut flowers?
Greenhouse Plant Management: 2165 Topic: water Brian Sobecki
Chapter 20 Greenhouse Production Techniques. The production of greenhouse crops can be compare to the manufacture of non- plant items in one way: scheduling.
Chapter 18. Challenges & rewards of greenhouse plants Materials used for rooting media Formulating & pasteurizing rooting media Timing & methods.
Humidity & watering. Requirements of Plants A very humid atmosphere reduces the rate of transpiration and evaporation to a level that may be harmful to.
Watering Systems and Equipment Hand watering or manual watering is best suited for spot watering Water is supplied through a hose with a water breaker.
Copyright © 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Unit 38 Irrigation Technology.
Beds and Benches Mindy Moore HORT Beds for Cut Flowers Raised and Ground Beds Raised and Ground Beds The beds can be level with the ground or they.
Octopot 3 Gallon Grow System Benefits Using Octopot’s 3 Gallon Grow System saves time and protects plants by avoiding labor intensive transplanting and.
Management Options for Agricultural Water Quality University of California Cooperative Extension County of San Diego.
Types of Irrigation BRENTON BARTELT. History Flood irrigation: Channels dug in fields, inefficient Egyptians and Mesopotamians Surface irrigation.
HYDROPONICS Technology Systems Mr Gembar. Imagine ??? Imagine harvesting tomatoes, basil and peppers from your garden in the middle of winter. Or,
Irrigation Systems. Rainwater Most farmers in the world depend solely on seasonal rains to water their crops.
Lesson 3 Using Automated Systems in the Greenhouse Reminder: student learning activities are at the end of this power point.
Greenhouse Crops. What Type of Plants Can One Grow in a Greenhouse? Trees? Shrubs? Bulbs Herbacious? Perenials? Annuals Grass? Food? Cut flowers?
351.T1 Model Agricultural Core Curriculum: Supplement University of California, Davis Irrigation Systems Water Requirements are Effected by: The crop being.
Center Pivot Training Flow Requirements. The easy way QT = DA (not a true equation if Q is in cfs) Q (flow rate) is in cfs (or acre-in/hr) T (time) is.
Greenhouse Plant Management Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Megan Burgess.
By Taylor Peek Alex Becker Quentin Frost December 15,2011 Principles of Technology Mr. Rackauskas 1 st Block.
Objective Demonstrate the application of various types of fertilizers.
Drip Irrigation Systems By: Philip Hanrahan and Matt Garrity.
This training was prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) team of Otto Gonzalez-USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (Team Leader), Jon Fripp.
Unit A5-4 Plant Science. Problem Area 5 Initiating Plant Growth.
Greenhouse Management Greenhouse Structures Types and Systems of Benches.
Mitigation of Pollution in Nursery Runoff J.N. Kabashima, Darren Haver, Jay Gan, and L. Wu.
Installing & Maintaining Irrigation Systems Ms. Gripshover Landscaping Unit 15.
Principles of Agricultural Science – Plant. Methods and Monitoring of Hydroponics Unit 3 – Soilless Systems Lesson 3.2 Hydroponics Principles of Agricultural.
Pot in Pot Nursery Production Commercial Plant Production.
Irrigation Efficiency for Southern California.
Environmental Requirements. Plant health and development depends on water. If the main source that makes up 90% of its source is limited or supplied.
1 Plant and Soil Science Introduction to Hydroponics.
Hort I: Obj Demonstrate the application of various types of fertilizers.
Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture (the growing of plants in a soilless medium, or an aquatic based environment) and is a method of growing.
Project website: Microirrigation Introduction: What is it? Microirrigation is the slow, frequent application of water.
Greenhouse Crop Management Sheila Dunning Commercial Horticulture.
The Hydrologic Cycle. Summary Water is a limited resource. Growers (farmers) have a responsibility to conserve water. Water can be conserved by capturing.
No Sprinklers No Drip lines No plowing, tilling or media exchange Plants grow in common sand Passive sub--irrigation 100% efficient, sub-fertilization.
Mums- the word. There are over 160 species of chrysanthemums. One of the most popular is Chrysanthemum morifolium, or florist chrysanthemum.
Plant Production. Conditions for plant growth All plants need water, nutrients & oxygen to grow Normally plants can spread their roots to take these in.
. Introduction Beginning of a vegetable crop nursery requires large capital investment. Expenses include equipment, buildings, cold storage, supplies,
Growing plants in water, without soil ZEim: De Pascalis Martina Nedevska Maria-Yoana Masserini Davide.
Equipment Methods The Basic Function of a Sprayer: Distribution & Metering Apply a dilute amount of herbicide (Rate) in a determined volume of water.
Available Water Flow Meter Size Typical flow depending on size – 5/8” = 12 GPM – ¾” = 15 GPM – 1” = 20 GPM.
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