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Nozzle Pressure. Designed Nozzle Pressures  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Handline 50 PSI  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Master Stream 80 PSI  Combination Nozzle - (all.

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Presentation on theme: "Nozzle Pressure. Designed Nozzle Pressures  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Handline 50 PSI  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Master Stream 80 PSI  Combination Nozzle - (all."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nozzle Pressure

2 Designed Nozzle Pressures  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Handline 50 PSI  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Master Stream 80 PSI  Combination Nozzle - (all types) 100 PSI  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Handline 50 PSI  Smooth Bore Nozzle - Master Stream 80 PSI  Combination Nozzle - (all types) 100 PSI

3 What is the “Best Nozzle Pressure”? 75 psi? 50 psi? 85 psi? 100 psi? 125 psi? Higher? Lower?

4 The Standard says Rated pressure for spray nozzles shall be 100 psig. The nozzle discharge rating shall be expressed as a rated discharge at a rated pressure [e.g., 60 gpm at 100 psig.] NFPA # Spray Nozzles 100 psi

5 Discharge Performance  Basic Spray Nozzles shall discharge: » No less than rated flow » No more than 10% above rated flow  Automatic Nozzles shall maintain inlet pressure between 85 psig and 115 psig.  Basic Spray Nozzles shall discharge: » No less than rated flow » No more than 10% above rated flow  Automatic Nozzles shall maintain inlet pressure between 85 psig and 115 psig.

6 Changes to Stream... ( With Reduced Nozzle Pressure)  Lower velocity  Less reach  Less impact force  Less heat absorption with fog pattern  Less airflow when used for ventilation  Tendency for hose kinking causing stream disruption & reduced flow  Lower velocity  Less reach  Less impact force  Less heat absorption with fog pattern  Less airflow when used for ventilation  Tendency for hose kinking causing stream disruption & reduced flow

7 What does the Low Pressure nozzle provide?  More water flow at a given pump pressure  Increased flow when pressure is unavailable  Slightly lower nozzle reaction (10-13%)  Heavier, denser straight stream  Fog pattern contains larger droplets  More water flow at a given pump pressure  Increased flow when pressure is unavailable  Slightly lower nozzle reaction (10-13%)  Heavier, denser straight stream  Fog pattern contains larger droplets

8 How much less reaction does a “low pressure” nozzle have? Reaction=.0505 x GPM x sq. rt. of nozzle 200 GPM 100 psi nozzle pressure = 101 lbs. 75 psi nozzle pressure = 87.5 lbs. 13% Less Reaction Force

9 What does the Higher Pressure provide?  Greater reach  Better penetration  Denser, more opaque fog pattern  More push to the pattern  Better heat absorption  Hits with more force  More “action” when it strikes  Greater reach  Better penetration  Denser, more opaque fog pattern  More push to the pattern  Better heat absorption  Hits with more force  More “action” when it strikes

10 Single or Selectable Flow Low Pressure Nozzles...  Reaction force is a function of nozzle pressure and flow  At equal nozzle pressures, a higher flow will produce a greater reaction  At equal flows, a higher nozzle pressure will produce a greater reaction  Fixed flow nozzles produce rapid gains in nozzle reaction when only slight increases of gpm are made, once rated flow is reached  Reaction force is a function of nozzle pressure and flow  At equal nozzle pressures, a higher flow will produce a greater reaction  At equal flows, a higher nozzle pressure will produce a greater reaction  Fixed flow nozzles produce rapid gains in nozzle reaction when only slight increases of gpm are made, once rated flow is reached

11 Low Pressure Nozzle

12 Automatic Low Pressure Nozzles...  Similar pressure regulation as 100 psi automatic nozzle, only at a lower pressure  Maximum reach with available water  Able to adjust to varying water supply conditions  Consistent hard-hitting streams  Nozzle flow control (with slide valve)  Similar pressure regulation as 100 psi automatic nozzle, only at a lower pressure  Maximum reach with available water  Able to adjust to varying water supply conditions  Consistent hard-hitting streams  Nozzle flow control (with slide valve)

13 Automatic Low Pressure Nozzle

14 Dual Pressure Automatic Nozzles...  Operator can quickly switch from standard pressure to low pressure  Useful when standard pressures cannot be developed or maintained because: » Pump transfer valve malfunction » Incorrect pump operation » High elevation losses » Long hose lays » Kinked hose line » Pressure reducing valves in standpipe systems  Operator can quickly switch from standard pressure to low pressure  Useful when standard pressures cannot be developed or maintained because: » Pump transfer valve malfunction » Incorrect pump operation » High elevation losses » Long hose lays » Kinked hose line » Pressure reducing valves in standpipe systems

15 Dual Pressure Automatic Nozzle Note increased flow at lower nozzle pressure. Pump pressure was not changed.


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