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Biodiversity databases and database management systems for the world’s ocean: experience and outputs from five international projects Sergey Piontkovski.

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Presentation on theme: "Biodiversity databases and database management systems for the world’s ocean: experience and outputs from five international projects Sergey Piontkovski."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biodiversity databases and database management systems for the world’s ocean: experience and outputs from five international projects Sergey Piontkovski Marine Sciences Research Center, Stony Brook University, USA; Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Sevastopol, Ukraine and Robert Williams Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK

2 Global station network 163 cruises from 1957 to cruises from 1957 to oceanographical stations21975 oceanographical stations

3 Chlorophyll a and mesozooplankton measurements Plankton Data of the Former Soviet Union: Background: CZCS composite chlorophyll Plankton Data ( World Ocean Database 1998)

4 “Akademician Vernadsky” “Professor Vodyanitsky” “Akademician Kovalevsky”

5 Biogeochemical provinces of the ocean (by Longhurst, 1998; Pauly et al., 2000) South Atlantic Gyral Province Eastern Tropical Atlantic Province

6 Plankton fields: direct and remote measurements Chlorophyll a: Onboard CZCS Bioluminescence Intensity (0-100m) Zooplankton Biomass (0-100m, mg/m3)

7 Distribution of onboard chlorophyll a measurements in the database Distribution of zooplankton data in the database

8 Relationship between phyto- and zooplankton biomass over regions Piontkovski et al., 2002 NASA website

9 Normalised biomass spectra for 7 autumn AMT cruises. Latitude (S) Piontkovski et al, 2002

10 Species diversity index H’ H’ characterises the diversity in the information units i.e. bits of information (Shannon, 1948) f i is the relative frequency of species i, and f i is the relative frequency of species i, and s is the numbers of these species s is the numbers of these species

11 Summary of the Atlantic Ocean data set: 93 cruises, 9474 CTD stations ( )

12 Jun-Jul1987 Surface chlorophyll-a distribution (µg l -1 ) on the background of 600 CTD stations carried out by two vessels in October, Spatial resolution between stations is about 30 miles Brazil Africa

13 AV’41 Data (Feb-Mar’90) Temperature DominantWavelength Secchi Disk Chlorophyll-a Salinity Forele-UleScale

14 AVHRR Ocean Pathfinder Mean SST Temperature Measured: Feb-Mar’90 Feb’90 Mar’90 AVHRR Data from

15 MARINE ECOSYSTEMS AND CLIMATE VARIABILITY: ZOOPLANKTON COMMUNITY RESPONSE ALONG THE ARRAYS OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION INFLUENCE Teams: 30 specialists from14 institutions in 10 countries: 1. Stony Brook University, USA 2. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA 3. Texas A&M University, USA 4. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, U.K. 5. Institute of Marine Sciences, Germany 6. Baltic Sea Research Institute, Germany 7. Fisheries Research Institute, Latvia 8. Laboratory of Biological Oceanography, France 9. Trieste University, Italy 10. Institute of Marine Sciences, Turkey 11. Institute of Oceanology, Bulgaria 12. Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Ukraine 13. Caspian Biological Station, Azerbaijan 14. Sir Alistair Hardy Foundation, U.K. F Funding requested: $1,248,394 D Duration of effort: 3 years (December 1, November 30, 2005) Project Coordinator: Sergey Piontkovski Marine Sciences Research Center, Stony Brook University, USA

16 Expression of Interest: Network of Excellence (FP6-2002) PLAnkton Time series Observations (PLATO): ecosystem impacts of global change

17 Multiscale diagrams for the epipelagic community of the Indian Ocean


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