Presentation on theme: "Studying the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere using LIDAR technique Dinh Van Trung and Nguyen Thanh Binh, Nguyen Dai Hung, Dao Duy Thang, Bui Van."— Presentation transcript:
Studying the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere using LIDAR technique Dinh Van Trung and Nguyen Thanh Binh, Nguyen Dai Hung, Dao Duy Thang, Bui Van Hai, Nguyen Xuan Tuan Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Main characteristics of the LIDAR system Transmitter: Quantel Brilliant Nd:YAG laser (10 Hz, 350 mJ/pulse at 1064 nm, 180 mJ/pulse at 532 nm) Receiving module: - Telescope: 20 cm in diameter, f/D = 10 - Dichroic beam splitter: 1064 nm/532 nm - Narrow band filters: 3 nm for 532 nm channel 10 nm for 1064 nm channel - Detectors: APD for 1064 nm channel PMT in either analog or photon counting mode for 532 nm channels
Detectors - 1064 nm channel: Avalanche photodiode + Trans-impedance amplifier - 532 nm channels: R7400U from Hamamatsu - Raman channels (607 nm or 660 nm): H6780-20 photosensor module from Hamamatsu Digitizer for analog detection - Up to 03 simultaneous channels - Shielded & low noise pre-amplifier - 12-bit ADC at 20 MSPS (80 MSPS possible)
Development of photon counting technique PMT HV PS High speed amplifier High speed USB Scope Discriminator Pulse stretcher FPGA board with USB Computer Our electronic detection system provides flexible and low cost multichannel photon counting capability.
LIDAR signal measured with Photon counting technique Single shot after the amplifier and pulse stretcher 1-minute average (600 shots)
Labview GUI for data acquisition in analog or photon counting mode
1064 nm channel (13 April 2011) – 5-minute average
Time (μsec) 532 nm channel (18 April 2011) analog mode, 30-minute average at 10:30 am and at 11:30 am MSIS-90E model for Hanoi
532 nm Raman N 2 607 nm Elastic & N 2 Raman measurements 00:30 to 03:30 am, 18 October 2010
Comparison between elastic and N 2 Raman signal
Elastic & H 2 O Raman measurements H 2 O Raman at 660 nm 532 nm
Temperature profile for 18 April 2011 LIDAR Radiosonde
Boundary layer monitoring with LIDAR Small (8-cm) telescope for 532 nm channel
Range corrected signal from 16:00 to 21:00 22 May 2011
Small LIDAR for boundary layer monitoring Transmitter: Pulsed diode laser at 905 nm Repetition rate 5 kHz Pulse width 100 ns Pulse energy 1 - 2 μJ Receiving module: Telescope 20 cm in diameter Bandpass filter 10 nm FWHM Cooled APD in Geiger photon counting mode
Small LIDAR system for boundary layer monitoring
Backscattered signal from atmosphere Backscattered signal from clouds
Summary - Atmospheric properties and different solid and gaseous components have been probed using a dual wavelength LIDAR was developed at IoP. - Aerosol distribution above Hanoi is being measured and found to be distributed mostly below about 4 - 5 km. - Cirrus clouds have been monitored regularly. - The LIDAR is being been used regularly to monitor the boundary layer. - Atmospheric temperature profile up to above 30 km has been measured with satisfactory accuracy.
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