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Light activated bionanodevices Presented at CSIR B60 Conference - Pretoria Unit: National Laser Centre Dr. Raymond Sparrow Senior Researcher in Biophotonics.

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Presentation on theme: "Light activated bionanodevices Presented at CSIR B60 Conference - Pretoria Unit: National Laser Centre Dr. Raymond Sparrow Senior Researcher in Biophotonics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Light activated bionanodevices Presented at CSIR B60 Conference - Pretoria Unit: National Laser Centre Dr. Raymond Sparrow Senior Researcher in Biophotonics 27 th February 2006

2 Slide 2 © CSIR Agenda Nano – overview Why nano? Bionanodevice project at NLC Outline of project Nanotechnology Overview Advantages Problems Energy transfer using LHC Principles for energy supply and transfer Bionanotechnology Why bio-nano? Energy conversion Outline of component Kinesin motor protein Principles for movement

3 Slide 3 © CSIR Nano - overview There is a constant drive to reduce the size of components and machines. The properties of materials at the nanoscale are very different to the properties in there bulk phase. Technology using components on the nanometer scale. Utilising and manipulating individual atoms or molecules. Bio-nanotechnology uses biological materials or systems.

4 Slide 4 © CSIR Nanotechnology ADVANTAGES New materials New properties Greater efficiency Reduced size (compactness) PROBLEMS The assembly of components. Interconnecting components into working mechanisms The control of components

5 Slide 5 © CSIR Bionano - overview Many problems of nanoscale mechanisms have been overcome in nature. Act at the nanoscale More energy efficient. Hence a great interest in investigating biological materials and systems. Actin, Myosin, Kinesin (movement) ATPsynthase, Photosynthetic pigments (Energy transduction) Many biological systems are self assembling (Protein/DNA/Membranes)

6 Slide 6 © CSIR A Light activated bio-nanodevice Creating a device that will move a tubule/rod in 8nm controllable steps. The device has three sections (modular). It uses the principles of:- - PHOTOSYNTHESIS - ATPsynthase ATP PRODUCTION - KINESIN MOTOR PROTEIN MOVEMENT

7 Slide 7 © CSIR A Light activated bio-nanodevice SECTION A – ENERGY TRAPPING (LIGHT HARVESTING) AND TRANSPORT. SECTION B – ENERGY CONVERSION. SECTION C – MOVEMENT (CAN BE AN ALTERNATIVE COMPONENT).

8 Section A ENERGY TRAPPING (LIGHT HARVESTING) AND TRANSPORT.

9 Slide 9 © CSIR Chlorophylls (Chl) a & b Absorb red ( nm) and blue ( nm) light Antennae chlorophylls gather light Harvested light energy passed to specialized Chl molecules, a reaction center Chlorophylls arranged in photosynthetic units Generally several hundred light-harvesting antennae Chl for each Chl at a reaction center Chemical reactions of photosynthesis begin at reaction centers

10 Slide 10 © CSIR ABSORPTION OF LIGHT BY CHLOROPHYLLS a and b

11 Slide 11 © CSIR 2006

12 Slide 12 © CSIR AFM OF LHC GONÇALVES, BUSSELEZ, LÉVY, SEGUIN AND SCHEURING J,STRUCTURAL BIOL. 149 (2005)

13 Slide 13 © CSIR A PHOTOSYNTHETIC UNIT

14 Section B ENERGY CONVERSION.

15 Slide 15 © CSIR RC ATPsynthase ADP + Pi ATP ADP + Pi [H + ] PHOTONS LIPOSOME VESICLE Steinberg-Yfrasch et.al (1998)

16 Section C MOVEMENT

17 Slide 17 © CSIR The structure of Kinesin

18 Slide 18 © CSIR Kinesin carrying a cargo

19 Slide 19 © CSIR 2006

20 Current and future work

21 Slide 21 © CSIR Collaborations Professor Barzda, University of Toronto. To determine LH II organisation for potential energy transfer domain size. Utilising non-linear microscopy to detect fluorescence, second and third harmonic data. To corroborate this technique with CD spectroscopy data and develop a micro-CD spectroscope. Dr.Grobler – NWU (Potchefstroom) vesicle production.

22 Slide 22 © CSIR Laser experimental requirements Femtosecond Pulsed Laser System Excitation Wavelength Regions 400 – 900nm (1.5x1015 Photons cm-2). Probe Wavelength Regions 400 – 900nm (1013 Photons cm-2). To Measure Ultra-fast Transient Absorption and Fluorescence Data. To Measure Intensity Dependent Data.

23 Slide 23 © CSIR Finally You are very welcome to visit our brand new Biophotonics Group website! (www.csir.co.za/biophotonics)


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