Presentation on theme: "KIPP INSPIRE ACADEMY 5 th Grade Science Review: Separating Mixtures and States of Matter."— Presentation transcript:
KIPP INSPIRE ACADEMY 5 th Grade Science Review: Separating Mixtures and States of Matter
Separating Mixtures- Main Idea! Pure substances are made of 1 kind of material; cannot be separated into other parts Mixtures are made of 2 or more materials; CAN be separated back into individual components
Tools Used To Separate sifter/sieve filter magnet hot plate
What Tool Should We Use? 1. Gravel (tiny rocks) + sand: Sifter/sieve 2. Big rocks + tiny rocks: Hand 3. Sand + iron: Magnet 4. Gravel (tiny rocks) + salt: Sifter/sieve 5. Sugar + water: Hot plate
States of Matter- Main Idea! We can decide what state of matter an object is in by looking at its volume and shape. Volume = the amount of space something takes up
Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Solids, liquids, and gases are the 3 main types of matter. What is matter?
Solids A solid has definite (fixed) shape and a definite volume. Solid molecules are packed closely together.
Examples of Solids How can you describe a solid item?
Liquids A liquid has a definite (fixed) volume but no shape of its own. Liquids take the shape of their containers Liquid molecules move loosely. Liquids can flow or be poured easily. Liquids change their shape depending on the container they are in.