Presentation on theme: "Focus: We will learn how to measure amplitude, wavelength and frequency. Waves."— Presentation transcript:
1Focus: We will learn how to measure amplitude, wavelength and frequency. Waves
2The tallest wave ever recorded was 100 ft. tall! An officer on a ship measured a wave by noticing that it was as high as a specific point on his ship. That point was 100 feet tall!
3We can measure parts of all waves. Height is a property of all waves. All waves have a height that we can measure.Speed is another property of all waves. All waves move at a speed that we can measure.
4Other properties of all waves are: SpeedWavelengthAnd frequencyBut we’ll talk more about that in a minute!
5Parts of a wave Just like mountains have peaks, and houses have roofs, The top of a transverse wave is called something special, too. It’s called a CREST.
6The crest of a wave The CREST of a wave is the highest part of a wave. Every transverse wave has a crest.
7In your interactive notebook: Write down your definition of the word “crest,” and draw a picture of a crest.YOU WILL HAVE1 MINUTE
8Waves have troughs. Every transverse wave has a trough. The TROUGH of a transverse wave is the lowest part of a wave.TROUGHEvery transverse wave has a trough.
9In your interactive notebook: Write down your definition for the word “trough,” and draw a picture.YOU HAVE 1 MINUTE
10Imagine: You are on a boat. The water is starting to get kind of rough.When your boat is pointing upwards, you are climbing to the crest of the wave.When your boat is pointing downward and sinking lower, you are falling to the trough of the wave.
11AmplitudeThe AMPLITUDE is the distance between the middle of the wave (or the resting position) and the crest.Amplitude
12AmplitudeThe AMPLITUDE can also be measured by the distance between the middle of the wave and the trough.Amplitude
16How did you find the amplitude? Think- Pair – ShareHow did you find the amplitude?
17Which wave has a higher amplitude? Which wave has the highest amplitude?What is the amplitude of wave A?AB
18Compressional Longitudinal wave On a compressional wave the area squeezed together is called the compression. The areas spread out are called the rarefaction.The wavelength is the distance from the center of one compression to the center of the next compression.
19Frequency is the number of waves (vibrations) that pass through a point in one second. Period is the time it takes for one full wavelength to pass a certain point.Frequency is waves per second.
20Frequency is the number of bumps in a given space or time.YOU HAVE 2 MINUTES TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONSIN YOUR NOTEBOOKWhat is the frequency of the wave in the picture on the left?What is the frequency of the wave in the picture on the right?
21What is wavelength?Wavelength is a measure of distance, so the units for wavelength are always distance units, such as meter, centimeters, millimeters, etc.
22A wave is 8 meters long and has a frequency of 3 Hz. Find speed. A wave moving through a medium travels at a certain speed.Wave speed is usually measured in meters/secondWave speed = frequency x wavelength.Try it out!!A wave is 8 meters long and has a frequency of 3 Hz. Find speed.In the ocean, a wave has a wavelength of 4 m and a frequency of 2 Hz. What is the wave’s speed?