Presentation on theme: "Welcome to a power point presentation on LIGHT."— Presentation transcript:
1Welcome to a power point presentation on LIGHT. We will investigate the following:1. What is light?2.What are some sources of light around us?3. What are opaque, transparent, & translucentobjects?4. What is a light wave?
2Light Our primary source of light is the sun. Light travels in straight lines at a speed of 186,000miles per second.*Light waves travel faster than sound waves!When light reaches an object, it is absorbed, reflected, or passes through it.
3Sensing Light Humans have two light detectors. Do you know what they are called?
4How many sources of Light can you list and explain? SUN=warms air,water, and land.Fire=provides heat, light, and cooking fuel.Lightning=Firefly=Flashlight=Light bulb=Laser beams=Opticaltelephonefibers=*Traffic lights=
5Can you answer this question? Why does a person see a flash of lightning before they hear thunder?Because light travels faster than sound
6What happens when light strikes an object If light travels through an object it is =transparentIf light is blocked by an object it is= opaque.If some light passes through but not all it is=translucent.
7What happens when light hits these objects? Glass of waterSchool bus windowNotebook paperWaxed paperPlastic wrapTissue paperCardboardTextbookHand lens…
8Transparent objects: The windows on a school bus, A clear empty glass, A clear window pane,The lenses of some eyeglasses,Clear plastic wrap,The glass on a clock,A hand lens,ALL of these are transparent. Yes, we can see through them because light passes through each of them.
9Translucent objects Thin tissue paper, Waxed paper, Tinted car windows,Frosted glass,Clouds,All of these materials are translucent and allow some light to pass but the light cannot be clearly seen through.
10Opaque objects: Heavy weight paper, Cardboard Aluminum foil, Mirror, bricks, buildings,Your eyelids and hands,Solid wood door,All of these objects are opaque because light cannot pass through them at all.They cast a dark shadow.
11What is light really? Electromagnetic radiation waves The waves have highest point is called “crests.”Waves also have low points called “troughs.”*The distance from one crest to the next crest is called a “wavelength.”The distance from the crest to the trough is the amplitudewavelength*A Science Museum of VA:Light Science Activity
12What happens when light hits an object? Reflects = bounces off an object at the same angle.Refracts = light bends when it goes through water.Absorbed= light enters an object and stays in the object
13Compare and contrast reflection and refraction Reflection Refraction
14ColorsWe have a famous name to help us remember the colors we can seeROYGBIV
15What Does ROYGBIV MEAN R= Red O=Orange Y= Yellow G= Green B= Blue I= IndigoV=Violet
17We can make every other color from the primary colors
18Notice the wavelength is long(Radio waves) and gets shorter (Gamma Rays)
19Electromagnetic Spectrum Radio waves= used for communicationMicrowaves = used for communication and heating foodInfrared waves = used for heatVisible light = allows us to see colorUltraviolet waves = produce vitamin D but too much is cancer
20Electromagnetic Spectrum Continue X-Rays = used to see bonesGamma Rays = Help Cure Cancer