Presentation on theme: "What is Visible light A. EM radiation that has. a wavelength range"— Presentation transcript:
1What is Visible light A. EM radiation that has. a wavelength range What is Visible light A. EM radiation that has a wavelength range of about nm
2C. As wavelength changes the color changes- B. Includes ROY G BIVRed-Wavelength ofOrange-Wavelength ofYellow-Wavelength ofGreen-Wavelength ofBlue-Wavelength ofIndigo-Wavelength ofViolet-Wavelength ofC. As wavelength changes the color changes-
3C. Travels at 300,000Km/sec no matter what color or intensity of the light – TRAVELS AT THE SAME SPEED!!!!D. Intensity is determined by the amplitude of the light waveE. Energy increases as the frequency increases-What Color of light is highest in energy?
4Examples -Wood -Metal-Cotton-Wool II. How we see!A. When light strikes an object the light can be reflected, absorbed or transmittedMost objects reflect or absorb light1.Objects we can’t see through are called opaque.a. They reflect or absorb all the light that hits them! You cannot see through themExamples -Wood -Metal-Cotton-Wool
5Examples: -Clear Glass -Water -Air 2. Objects we can see through are Transparenta.They allow light to be transmitted through them allowing you to see what is on the other sideExamples: -Clear Glass -Water -Air
6Examples -Frosted Glass -Wax Paper 3. Objects that we see as milky or allow some light to come through are called translucent.a. They allow some light through but reflect (scatter) some as wellExamples -Frosted Glass -Wax Paper
7B. Types of Mirrors1. Plane (flat) Mirrors produce an image that is right side up and the same size as the object being reflecteda. Plane mirrors produce “virtual images” which are right-side up or upright (you can see it but it doesn’t actually exist – you can’t reach behind a mirror and touch your image)
82. Concave Mirrors curve inward like a bowl and can form virtual or real images a. real images are formed when rays actually meet a point, they are inverted or upside down
9A,B If the object is farther from the mirror than the focal point the image is real C If the object is between the mirror and focal point the image is virtual What is a real and virtual image?
103. Convex mirrors have a surface that curves outward and since the rays don’t actually ever meet, the images formed are always virtuala. “objects seen in the mirror are closer than they appear” - Explain
11b. Because convex mirrors spread out rays of light you see a larger reflection area so because you see more the images appear smaller and father away than they actually are
12example – Rainbow Water droplets III Refraction and LensesA. Refaction is when light rays enter a new medium at an angle, the change in speed causes them to bend or change directionexample – Rainbow Water droplets
13Some mediums cause light to bend more than others Some mediums cause light to bend more than others. As light passes from a less dense medium into a more dense medium, it slows and is refracted – below is an index of refraction for different mediums
141. It can also cause you to see something that is not actually there Example Mirage –What causes a Mirage?
152. Raindrops act like tiny prisms, refracting and reflecting the light and separating the colors – Violet (shortest) is refracted the most and Red (longest) is refracted the least
16B. A lens is a curved piece of glass or other transparent material used to refract light 1. A lens forms an image by refracting light rays that pass through it – like mirrors, lenses can have different shapes
17C. A concave lens is thinner in the center than at the edges C. A concave lens is thinner in the center than at the edges. As parallel light passes through they are bent away from the center spreading out and appear to come from the focal point (produces virtual images)
18D. A convex lens is thicker in the center than at the edges D. A convex lens is thicker in the center than at the edges. As parallel light passes through it is bent towards the center and meet at the focal point – the more curved the more it refracts
20A. Cornea1.Light Enters through this transparent front surface2. Protects the eye3. Acts as a lens bending light4. Each time you blink your eye lids act like windshield wipers cleansing and moistening
21B. Iris1. Ring of muscle that contracts and expands chaning the amount of light entering the eye2. Gives the eye its color3. Most brown, can be blue or green
22C. Pupil1. Looks black, actually a hole covered by the clear cornea2. Opening into the dark inside of eye3. Size depends on contraction of iris4. Dim light it gets larger (allows more light in), bright light it gets smaller (reducing the light that enters)
23D. Lens1. Behind the pupil is a convex lens2. Refracts light forming an image on the lining of your eyeball3. Cilliary muscles cause lens to change shape when you focus
24a. Focusing on distant. objects causes the ciliary a. Focusing on distant objects causes the ciliary muscles to relax making the lens longer and thinner b. Focusing on nearby objects the muscles contract and the lens becomes shorter and fatter
25E. Layer of cells lining the inside of the eyeball is the retina 1. As the cornea and lens refract light, an upside down image is formed on the retina2. Retina is made up of millions of tiny light sensitive cells called rods and conesa. Rods respond to small amounts of light (important in night vision) b. allow to distinguish between black, white and grey
26Three types of cones: Red light Green light Blue light b. Cones respond to colors. Cone cells function in bright light that is why it is difficult to distinguish between colors in dim lightThree types of cones:Red lightGreen lightBlue light
27F. The signals generated by the rods and cones are sent to the brain via the optic nerve. 1. When signals reach your brain they are automatically turned right side up2. The two images from each eye are combined into a single 3-D image
28Stare at the bottom right star of the flag for at least 60 seconds Stare at the bottom right star of the flag for at least 60 seconds. Do not move or blink your eyes during that time. Then stare at a blank white sheet of paper
29Why do you see red, white and blue? Complimentary colorsNow try staring at the red, white and blue flag and then look at the white paper.
30G. A nearsighted person can see nearby things clearly, but objects at a distance appear blurry This happens because the eyeball is a little to long 2. This is fixed by wearing glasses with a concave lens, spreading the rays farther before they enter the eye
31H. A farsighted person can see distant objects clearly but close objects are blurry. 1. This happens because the eyeball is too short2. Fixed by wearing glasses with a convex lens - makes the rays bend towards each other a little before they enter the eye.