Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Workshop: First look, Calibrations & RV standard IAP

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Workshop: First look, Calibrations & RV standard IAP"— Presentation transcript:

1 Workshop: First look, Calibrations & RV standard IAP-05-11-24
An example of calibration: The wavelength calibration Presentation of the Spectroscopic Global Iterative Solution The operations of SGIS Prototype & Perspectives of SGIS Antoine Guerrier GEPI

2 1. Presentation of the SGIS concept IAP-05-11-24
1. The presentation of the Spectroscopic Global Iterative Solution (SGIS)

3 No on-board calibration device (e.g. calibration lamp)
1.1. Problematic IAP No on-board calibration device (e.g. calibration lamp) No specific observation for the calibration Not possible to compare to an “instrumental” reference source Need an alternative calibration method Possible alternative The Spectroscopic Global Iterative Solution (SGIS) = Wavelength self-calibration of the RVS

4 1.2. The reference sources IAP-05-11-24
Idea = Use sources observed by the RVS instrument Use reference sources (i.e. bright and stable stars) How many sources usable for the wavelength calibration? About F8GK sources V<10 (about 4,6.105 V<12) (GEPI/GAIA-RVS/TN/017.01) About 80 epochs per star Measure the evolution of the instrument with its own observations: Large number of stable reference sources + Same evolution of the characteristics of the reference sources = Evolution of the characteristics of the instrument

5 How to use the reference sources observed?
1.3. Analogy IAP How to use the reference sources observed? By analogy with the ground-based observations: Classical ground-based spectrograph Use “reference lines”: Known wavelengths in the laboratory reference frame from a calibration lamp SGIS approach Use stellar reference lines: Known wavelengths, little blended and identified in the spectra of the reference sources collected by the RVS

6 1.4. An iterative process IAP-05-11-24
Position of stellar reference lines depend upon 2 parameters: the radial velocity of the sources (RV) the spectral dispersion law of the instrument RV & Spectral dispersion law linked RV & Spectral dispersion law have to be determined: Derivation of the RV: Wavelength calibrations used to calibrate raw spectra Calibrated spectra used to derive RV Calibration of the wavelength scale: RV used to shift wavelengths of reference lines Reference lines used to compute wavelength calibrations An iterative approach is needed Each iteration refine the RV & calibration data

7 1.5. Non iterative steps of SGIS IAP-05-11-24
Initialisation step: - Starting point of the iterative process - Initialize spectral dispersion law with: Ground calibrations or commissioning calibrations or calibrations from first look Zero point correction step: - N+1 iteration of the SGIS - RV expressed in relative reference frame - To be usable, RV should be expressed in absolute reference frame (e.g. barycentre of the Solar System) - Ground-based standards used to derive relative-to- absolute reference frame transformations - Transformations = Zero point corrections

8 1.6. The scheme of SGIS IAP-05-11-24
SOURCE UPDATING  e.g. Radial Velocities REFERENCE SELECTION  Bright and stable stars CALIBRATION UPDATING  e.g. l-Pixel Relation INITIALIZATION Iterative processes ZERO POINT

9 2. The main operations of SGIS
2. The operations of SGIS IAP 2. The main operations of SGIS

10 2.1. The Source Updating step IAP-05-11-24
First iterative step of the SGIS Derivation of the Radial Velocity of the sources by a classical cross-correlation algorithm: Select a template spectrum (rest synthetic spectrum) Apply wavelength calibrations on the raw spectrum Shift the template spectrum according to a RV range Compute cross-correlation coefficient between template & calibrated spectrum Compute the maximum of the cross-correlation coefficients Maximum of cross-correlation coefficients = Best match between template & calibrated spectra = RV of the source The RV of the source Updated

11 2.3. The Reference Selection step IAP-05-11-24
Selection of the reference source used in wavelength calibration Reference source should be: Stable in radial velocity Of appropriate stellar type (i.e. about 20 lines unblended or little blended) Check, source by source, the astrophysical characteristics of the source Qualify or reject as a reference

12 2.4.1 The Calibration Updating step IAP-05-11-24
Calibrate the RVS spectral dispersion law: associate a mean wavelength to any sample Wavelength dispersion law assumed constant over interval of time Calibration units Function F constrained for each calibration unit

13 2.4.2 The Calibration Updating step - Prototype example IAP-05-11-24
2 simplifying assumptions: FoV-to-focal-plane transformations constant over duration of calibration unit Same constant velocities in the FoV for each source Mean-central-wavelength-to-sample function F expressed as function of FoV coordinates at the readout time of the sample: Function F represented by a 2nd order polynomial fit Wavelength calibration = Compute Cmn for each calibration unit

14 3. Prototype & Perspectives of SGIS
3. Prototype & Perspectives of SGIS IAP 3. Prototype & Perspectives of SGIS

15 3.1. The implementation of SGIS IAP-05-11-24
JAVA development of the first version of the SGIS prototype Test of non-divergence of the prototype: Initializing the spectral dispersion law with the true values Over 100 days of mission With 1000 G5V stars (same charact., e.g. RV = 0km/s) With 10 epochs per star SGIS processing Data model spectrogis math auxiliary Tools instrument sourceObs control Test & Performance referenceSelection sourceUpdating calibrationUpdating initializing

16 Assess the behaviour & performance of the prototype
3.2. The diagnostics of errors IAP Assess the behaviour & performance of the prototype source-Updating reference-Selection calibration-Updating initialization Wavelength calibration diagnostic RV diagnostics Centroïding diagnostics

17 3.3.1 Results - Iteration 1 IAP-05-11-24

18 3.3.2 Results - Iteration 2 IAP-05-11-24

19 3.4. Conclusions & Perspectives IAP-05-11-24
1000 observations per calibration unit = Accuracy < 1km.s-1 The first series of tests Tests of non-divergence of the prototype (true spectral law) Results: divergence Problems localized! Non-symmetric profiles of reference lines in the spectra Centroiding degradation in the Calibration Updating Solution: calibrate the centroiding method New series of tests to valid the non-divergence of the prototype Test of convergence: Not initialize the spectral dispersion law with true values Observe the behaviour of the prototype over iterations GEPI/GAIA-RVS/TN/018 coming soon!

Download ppt "Workshop: First look, Calibrations & RV standard IAP"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google