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Beeston Engineering Consulting1 An Engineer Dive in the Bio and Medical Devices World Presentation by: Amer El-Hage 11/20/2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Beeston Engineering Consulting1 An Engineer Dive in the Bio and Medical Devices World Presentation by: Amer El-Hage 11/20/2006."— Presentation transcript:


2 Beeston Engineering Consulting1 An Engineer Dive in the Bio and Medical Devices World Presentation by: Amer El-Hage 11/20/2006

3 Beeston Engineering Consulting2 Outline A bit about myself, Beeston Engineering and this industry What my Engineering education missed! What is Art, Science and what is Engineering? Common Engineering issues Project management! Summary

4 Beeston Engineering Consulting3 My Qualifications 25 years in scientific instrument development at Beckman, Varian, LJL Biosystems and Molecular Devices Over 30 product development programs experience. Several products carried from concept to full production Directed product development projects in meeting their specification, budget and schedule goals Involved in several instrument designs (fifteen issued patents), product validation and risk assessment programs Developed at Varian, LJL and MDC their product development process ASME Silicon Valley volunteer for over five years, chair 2006 U.C. Berkeley M.S. 1980, Mechanical Engineering- Design and Automation

5 Beeston Engineering Consulting4 Independent evaluation of product or devices at any stage in the development cycle Identify necessary technical skills and tools to execute a product development project successfully Program Management: Develop tasks, budget, and resources Develop plans to validate prototypes to relevant standards and regulatory systems Draft engineering, quality and processes to efficiently transfer or release your product to manufacturing

6 Beeston Engineering Consulting5 California and Bay area Bio-Space Some Statistics and Graphs

7 Beeston Engineering Consulting6 Defining the Industry The Biotech & Biomedical (Life-science) Industry in California is comprised of many sectors, with employment today exceeding 250,000. Employment breaks down as follows: Biopharmaceuticals (34%) Medical devices, instruments and diagnostics (33%) Academic research (18%) Laboratory services (12%) Other (3%) Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004

8 Beeston Engineering Consulting7 A Few Figures for California Total biomedical companies: 2,600 (90% founded since 1980 and 80% privately owned) Total world-wide revenues: $32.3 billion Total employment: 230,100 (This exceeds the number employed by the computer industry in the same time frame!) Total wages and salaries paid: $14 billion These companies serve as powerful economic drivers in the 7 regional clusters in which they are located. Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004

9 Beeston Engineering Consulting8 Biomedical Industry Wages in CA Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004

10 Beeston Engineering Consulting9 Employment Growth 23% growth from 1990 to 2002 Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004 Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004

11 Beeston Engineering Consulting10 Some of my Instrumentations and Medical Devices Experience Chemical and Immunodiagnostics – Design audit, Project planning and transfer to manufacturing Combinatorial Chemistry systems DNA, HIV and other detection systems Biology and cell based assays Pulmonary drug delivery device – Plastic molding Glaucoma, Bone density - Technical reviews and project development for medical devices measurement, Insulin inhaling device Catheters and Stents – SLA models, and coating processes Quality Engineering, Design Control and process validation

12 Beeston Engineering Consulting11 A Typical Automated Laboratory Setting Automated Liquid Handler “Dispensers” Microplate Reader Robot Arm Microplate Hotel or Storage Other Mechanical Laboratory Gizmos

13 Beeston Engineering Consulting12 Microtubes Moved Into 96 Well Microplates

14 Beeston Engineering Consulting13

15 Beeston Engineering Consulting14 Time and Dollars scale It usually takes 8 -10 years to get a pharmaceutical product or drug to market and $500-900M investment Medical Devices require 4 - 6 years and $40- 100M to develop Scientific Instruments require 3-4 years and ONLY $5 - 10M to develop!

16 Beeston Engineering Consulting15 What about the Bay Area? 750+ companies * 86,000+ employees 30+ academic and research institutions The Bay Area has the largest concentration of medical device start-ups in the U.S., and the largest concentration of companies bought out by medical device giants. * Excludes the 98 companies and 5,000 employees in the Sacramento area Source: CHI, California’s Biomedical Industry, 2004

17 Beeston Engineering Consulting16 Example of some Scientific and medical Devices companies

18 Beeston Engineering Consulting17 BD Biosciences Division of Becton Dickinson Company Medical Device company - Regulated industry Parent company well established > 100 yrs IVD products Research products Approximately 15,000 employees (1,000 BA) Revenue of $4B ($300-400M) per year Figures in (parenthesis) are my estimates

19 Beeston Engineering Consulting18 A BD Diagnostic Instrument Made Possible by “Engineers”

20 Beeston Engineering Consulting19 Molecular Devices Corp. Scientific and Bio-analytical solution company – Non Regulated (yet!) Company well established > 20 yrs Drug discovery tools, includes reagents Research, and Analytical instruments Approximately 600 employees Revenue of $160-200M per year Wide portfolio, steady growth mostly by acquisitions Operate several independent companies worldwide

21 Beeston Engineering Consulting20 Microplate Reader 5 Detection modalities: Absorbance, Fluorescence intensity, Fluorescence Polarization (FP), Time-Resolved Fluorescence (TRF), Luminescence

22 Beeston Engineering Consulting21 Inside a Microplate Reader

23 Beeston Engineering Consulting22 Predicant Biosciences Medical Device company- will have to be FDA regulated Startup - about 3 yrs old IVD products  System that analyzes protein patterns in blood to correlate with disease state. Approximately 40 employees No revenue…yet

24 Beeston Engineering Consulting23 A “Mechanical” Medical Device

25 Beeston Engineering Consulting24 Areas that I learned something about after graduation… Program and Project management Instruments, device design – Mechanical, fluidics, and opto-mechanical Plastics, labware and consumables – Co-chair SBS/ANSI Microplate Standards Quality, Audit, QMS and Regulatory (CE and ISO, too) MEMS and special processes – Member on SEMI Fluid Interface Task force

26 Beeston Engineering Consulting25 What my Berkeley Education missed! All data is NOT created EQUAL! How to design “in-tolerance”… and promote probabilities The problems with diversity and dependencies, DOE Freedom of choice is great… ” as long as it is my choice!” Write your processes or you’re Left with regulators Do not create every design… buy the wheel! Talking and making friends with business

27 Beeston Engineering Consulting26 What is Art and What is Science? This stuff is organic… and it really stinks! What’s the matter with this material? Polymers and the slippery, sticky, and non-linear stuff… Give Precision to the Scientist, and leave the Accuracy to the Gods... Lab-On-A-Chip, Microfluids, MEMS, and the uncharted murky nano-waters Time, Temperature, and Temper of Biological entities large and small.

28 Beeston Engineering Consulting27 Errors !!! Random or Systematic Deviation from the mean (DFM) is used to define or distinguish the type False Negatives: Appearance of a negative value or “No result” when a positive or some value is expected. False Positives: Appearance of a positive value or result when a negative value is expected.

29 Beeston Engineering Consulting28 Accuracy is a measure of the result in comparison to the intended or ideal value. Expressed usually as a percentage bias or measure of deviation from the absolute or ideal. Inaccuracy (%) = [(V a -V m )/ V m ] x 100 Precision is a measure of the variability or variance. Usually expressed as percent deviation from the mean, or a % coefficient of variation of the data. Precision (%CV) = [Standard Deviation /(mean)] x100 * Accuracy & Precision

30 Beeston Engineering Consulting29 What’s Art and What’s Engineering Rules of Thumb (ROT) and fundamentals are always helpful, but watch the unexpected in MEMS and living entities Tiny Mechanical gadgets.. that can do (work) on nothing Optics Galore – Not just Snell your Beer’s law? Fluidics… Reynolds and the Junk There will be always a bubble or a leak Carryover, cross contamination… How do you clean this Atto- mole junk? CAD-CAM, SLA, RPT and other fine acronyms

31 Beeston Engineering Consulting30 Common Engineering Issues Fluid dynamics (not what you learned at your Alta Mater) Material properties (not only Stainless) Galvanic (ions are everywhere) Polymers Adhesives Surface Chemistry ( especially when things get smaller and need to be sensitive) Manufacturing and cost issues Packaging and Sterility

32 Beeston Engineering Consulting31 Schedules and Projects from Hell !  Get the requirements first, the specs (speck-less) and agreed on early!  Typical project equation = 2t x 2$ { "@context": "", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "", "name": "Beeston Engineering Consulting31 Schedules and Projects from Hell .", "description": " Get the requirements first, the specs (speck-less) and agreed on early.  Typical project equation = 2t x 2$

33 Beeston Engineering Consulting32 Responsibilities and Contributors Phase 0 - R&D and Business Development Phase 1 – R&D, Marketing, and QA Phase 2 - Engineering, Marketing and R&D Phase 3 - Engineering, Marketing, QA and Manufacturing Phase 4 - Manufacturing, QA/QC, service and sales support Phase 5 – Operation, QC and Production

34 Beeston Engineering Consulting33 Product Development Steps

35 Beeston Engineering Consulting34 Summary High Level Areas Interaction with Biological matrix and the nature of small and “large living species” QSR regulatory and FDA – QA is part of Development Management types: Optimistic (marketing driven) or conservative and inefficient (Scientific and technical driven) Collaborations, Finance, VC, IP and legal issues Discipline and focus

36 Beeston Engineering Consulting35 Conclusions Biomedical Device Engineering is a true multidisciplinary activity It is the best “continuous learning” career Creativity is not bounded by the laws of Physics, but by the laws of Business! Driven by desire to do products for industry, society’s health and its patients (self interest)

37 Beeston Engineering Consulting36 Q&A Contact:

38 Beeston Engineering Consulting37 Supporting slides

39 Beeston Engineering Consulting38 StartupMediumMedium Transition Large Establishing processes  Wearing many hats  Innovation  Long term security  Choices

40 Beeston Engineering Consulting39 Target Selection Lead Identification Lead Optimization Discovery Development Target ID (e.g. Protein families as drug targets from Genomics and Proteomics research) Assay Development Lead Generation and Target Validation (Using small molecules or antibodies from combinatorial synthesis, natural extracts as drug candidates) Assay Screening Medicinal Chemistry In Vivo cell Biology and Animal Medicinal Pharmacology Clinical Trials Commercialization Drug Discovery Process and its functional elements

41 Beeston Engineering Consulting40 SBS and the Microplate Standards History First annual meeting held in Philadelphia, Sept. 1995 Working Groups formed to address variety of issues relevant to its members  A group was to address issues where standardization would improve performance of automation  Top on the list of issues was standardizing the 96 well microplate In 1998, SBS Board re-opened the standard  Email ListServ started in March 1998  First meeting held in Boston in August 1998 The Microplate Standards Development Committee Became an Accredited ANSI Standards Developer in July, 2002 4 Standards submitted and approved by ANSI in Jan 2004

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