3 Journal: Rewrite the following passage, proofreading for errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and usage. Guy de Maupassant High school student’s are probably most familiar with author Guy de Maupassant as a short story writer. De Maupassant was a good friend of the novelist, Gustave Flaubert; In fact, his' writing style is like Flaubert's. As a child, De Maupassant often observed the worst side of society and later he used that in his stories. His short stories are memerable for their ironic endings in which the main characters beliefs are turned upside down. In "the Necklace, for example, he describes a minor official and his wife who reduce theirselfs to poverty by repaying a debt. After years of hardship, they learn that the debt was all together unnecessary. I found 13 errors.
4 CORRECTIONS: Guy de Maupassant High school students are probably most familiar with the author Guy de Maupassant as a short story writer. De Maupassant was a good friend of the novelist Gustave Flaubert; in fact, his writing style is like Flaubert's. As a child, de Maupassant often observed the worst side of society, and later he used that in his stories. His short stories are memorable for their ironic endings in which the main characters’ beliefs are turned upside down. In ”The Necklace,” for example, he describes a minor official and his wife who reduce themselves to poverty by repaying a debt. After years of hardship, they learn that the debt was altogether unnecessary. I found thirteen errors.
8 noun. statements based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions rather than on facts Example: The judge’s views are highly subjective rather than based on the facts of the case. Synonyms:personal taste, opinion, fiction,
10 #21 objective view n. Objective point of view is when a person provides only facts leaving them open for debate and other opinions to be factored in in order to arrive at a conclusion. Example: The Time news article maintained an objective view, although that must have been difficult considering the emotionally charged issue presented. Syn.: factual account, non-fiction, expository writing
11 Journal: Choose one quote and write a response. There is an objective reality out there, but we view it through our beliefs, attitudes and values. David G. Myers There is not one human nature. There is not some uniform and unchanging way that everybody is and how everybody sees the world. Human nature has different meanings in different times and for different classes and groups in society. Bob Avakian
12 Write a paragraph explaining which portrait demonstrates an objective view and which one demonstrates a subjective view and tell why you think so (in 3rd person!).
14 #23 paraphrase Synonyms: restate, shorten, reword, summarize Other forms: paraphrased, paraphrasing V. to express what someone else has said or written using different words, especially in order to make it shorter, clearer and easier to understand
15 #23 paraphrase 6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing (by Owl Purdue) 1. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. 2. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card. 3. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. 4. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. 5. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. 6. Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper.
16 #23 paraphrase Journal - Paraphrase Practice: Paraphrase the passage below in your own words. Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half of those killed are school-age children. One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head. From "Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers," Consumer Reports (May 1990): 348.
18 #24 derivation NOUN the process of getting something from something else The derivation of English words is traced back to Greek and Latin more than 60% of the time. synonyms:origin, genealogy, etymology, source
19 Journal: Write the paragraph, correcting the errors. The home team, the Cheetahs, playing before a capacity crowd. Won decisively by a score of 28–3 in yesterday’s Homecoming battle against the Minotaurs from Morrisville Missouri. Quarterback Henry Martinez lead the offense. By completing fifteen passes, including three for touchdowns. Halfback John Sylvester scored the other touchdown. On a 50-yard pitchout play. The Cheetahs’ defense performed superbly, limiting the Minotaurs to 75 yards on offense. Coach Mark Goddin, “I’m extremely proud of the way are team played today.” (10 errors)
20 Journal: Write the paragraph, correcting the errors. The home team, the Cheetahs, played before a capacity crowd and won decisively by a score of 28–3 in yesterday’s homecoming battle against the Minotaurs from Morrisville, Missouri. Quarterback Henry Martinez lead the offense. By completing fifteen passes, including three for touchdowns, halfback John Sylvester scored the other touchdown. On a 50-yard pitchout play, the Cheetahs’ defense performed superbly, limiting the Minotaurs to 75 yards on offense. Coach Mark Goddin stated, “I’m extremely proud of the way our team played today.” (10)
21 N. a word that is spelled like another word (and may be pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning To #25 homonym/homophone
23 In Academic Vocabulary section: Create a T-chart, titled Homonyms, with two columns for homographs and homophones. Beneath the subtitle, list examples of each. HomographsHomophones bow (hair), bow (gesture)some (adv.), sum (math) Homonyms
25 implicit: Adj. implied but not plainly expressed Origin: 1590 - 1600; < Latin implicitus involved, obscure, variant past participle of implicāre. Related forms: implicitly, imply, implicate Synonyms. inherent, complete, total
26 explicit: Adj. fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated; leaving nothing merely implied Origin: 1605 - 15; < Latin explicitus unfolded, set forth, variant past participle of explicāre. Related forms: explicitly, explicitness Synonyms 1. express, definite, precise, exact, unambiguous, open, forthright, unabashed.
27 #26 explicit/implicit Place the words in the correct column: direct characterization, indirect characterization, theme, physical attributes of characters, tone, setting, bias, fact Place the words in the correct column: direct characterization, indirect characterization, theme, physical attributes of characters, tone, setting, bias, fact implicitexplicit
29 N. the arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence #27 chronology Write an outline of your personal chronology, including at least five of the most important events in your life. Sentence: ”The novel abandons the conventions of normal chronology."
30 Noun a title or explanation for a picture or illustration, especially in a magazine.
31 Write captions for the pictures below. 1. 2.
33 Noun: an inclination toward a particular characteristic or type of behavior Examples: "her tendency to socialize"; "criminal tendencies” Synonyms: inclination, trend, propensity, leaning, proclivity
35 adj./v.: occurring time and again / to happen repeatedly Example: Since late and missing assignments had been a recurring problem, a plan needed to be put into place to correct it. Synonyms: repeating, persistent, reappearing