Presentation on theme: "Michigan Department of Corrections Electronic Monitoring Program."— Presentation transcript:
Michigan Department of Corrections Electronic Monitoring Program
History of Electronic Monitoring in Michigan Late 1980’s – Radio Frequency (RF) Truth in Sentencing Legislation Sobrietor July Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitoring (S.C.R.A.M.) January 2007 – Global Positioning System (GPS)
In use in Michigan since late 1980’s. “House Arrest” - determines if the offender is in range. Can tell when an offender leaves their home. Population in the community was as high as 3,200 in the mid 1990’s.
Radio Frequency - Cellular Technology
Truth In Sentencing Legislation passed in 1998 which required those convicted of committing assaultive crimes after 12/15/1998, and all other crimes after 12/15/2000, to serve their minimum sentence prior to being eligible for parole. Effectively began the end of the Community Residential Program (CRP) for the MDOC.
In use in Michigan since Uses voice recognition from template established during enrollment to confirm offender is taking the test. Has internal sensors to determine if equipment is removed from the face between the voice recognition test and the actual test. Uses fuel cell technology to determine alcohol content of deep lung breath sample. “Snap shot” reading to determine if offender has alcohol in their system at that point in time.
S.C.R.A.M. In use in Michigan since July Provides 24/7 monitoring of alcohol use only. Passive reporting. Measures transdermal vapors for alcohol content. Uses absorption and burn-off rates to determine alcohol consumption v. outside substance (e.g. alcohol based medication).
Global Positioning System (GPS) Miniature Tracking Device (MTD) Base Unit Transmitter
GPS In use in Michigan since January Primary piece of GPS equipment in use. Allows MDOC to contact offender through text messages. The offender carries the Miniature Tracking Device (MTD) which captures the GPS signal. The GPS signal points are downloaded once per hour through cellular technology built into the device, unless alert behavior is reported. Alert behavior is immediately reported to the hosting site. Points are recorded once a minute, except when a violation is reported. Violation points are recorded every fifteen seconds. The bracelet is used to keep the offender within range of the MTD. If the offender leaves range of the MTD a violation is reported. The MTD battery is charged by placing the MTD in the base unit. The battery charge for the MTD is 16 – 20 hours after being in the base unit for four hours.
Global Positioning System (One Piece Tracking Device)
One Piece GPS Newer technology which is only used in specific residential treatment programs. Does not allow MDOC to contact offender other than through flashing lights. Very few in use at this time.
GPS Challenges Very labor intensive for agents to review all offender maps every day. MDOC is trying to limit caseload sizes in order to make agent duties more manageable. Offenders don’t want to be tracked and attempt to defeat the tracking system (e.g. Motion No GPS alerts) – no “chip in their head”.
Legislation Requiring GPS Criminal Sexual Conduct 1 st Degree 25 years incarceration followed by Lifetime GPS. Criminal Sexual Conduct 2 nd Degree Victim under 13, perpetrator over 17, up to 15 years incarceration followed by Lifetime GPS. Aggravated Stalking Must be on GPS entire term of parole.
Assisting Law Enforcement CrimeTrax allows us to determine if any offender wearing a GPS device was in a specific area at a specific time. Allows law enforcement to either zero in on an offender or dismiss an offender as a suspect. Requires the date, time, and address of an offense. Can be a window timeframe (e.g. between 0600 and 1100). Will let us know if any offenders are in violation status at the time as well. (e.g. If an offender was not carrying the MTD at the time and would therefore not appear to be at the scene of the crime.)
Electronic Monitoring Center Provides 24/7/365 day monitoring services for all offenders on electronic monitoring. Monitoring programs currently in use – GPS, Radio Frequency (RF), SCRAM. Handles all LEIN functions for MDOC – confirms warrants for law enforcement, enters/cancels warrants for parole absconders and prison escapes), places parole detainers.
Contact Information Greg Roach, Manager Electronic Monitoring Program (517) Will Rogers, Operations Manager Electronic Monitoring Center (517) EMC GPS Lead Agents Mike Bowker (517) Candace Hill (517) Tara Lapham (Metro Detroit area) (313) Jessica Spencer (517)