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Chapter Federalism National, State and Local
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 2 Federalism Defined Divides power between a central government and state and local governments –Framers favoured moving power from the states to a national government
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 3 THE EVOLUTION OF FEDERALISM DUAL FEDERALISM (1787-1913) STATES AND NATIONAL GOVTS DIVIDE FUNCTIONS. –Congress handled enumerated powers (Art.1; Sec. 8) –States handled reserved powers (Amend 10) –Congress and states both handled concurrent powers
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 4 Principles of Dual Federalism
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 5 Mc Culloch v. Maryland Chief Justice John Marshall use of "Necessary and Proper Clause,“
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 6 Phase II Cooperative Federalism (1913-1964) NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND STATES EXERCISED RESPONSIBILITIES FOR WELFARE, HEALTH, HIGHWAYS, EDUCATION, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 7 Why Cooperative Federalism? INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONAL ECONOMY FEDERAL INCOME TAX SHIFTS $$ TO NATIONAL GOVERNMENT (Amend. 16) TWO WORLD WARS AND THE GREAT DEPRESSION. MAJOR SHIFT IN FDR ERA
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 8 Cooperative Federalism in Action GRANTS IN AID –Combined federal funding with state administration –Funds provided by one level of government to another for specific purposes –States are required to put up some of their own money: matching grants
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 9 Phase III: Creative Federalism 1964-70 THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT DOMINATES STATE GOVERNMENTS – LBJ and War on Poverty, Civil Rights, etc. –Categorical grants which required recipients to apply for funding under specific categories detailing how money would be spent –Bypass States and urban governments to fund organization with Democratic base
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 10 Phase IV New Federalism 1970-80s Nixon –Backlash to Creative Federalism –More autonomy with states/local govts. –Initially REVENUE SHARING (1972) -- –Later BLOCK GRANTS - funding for policy area, such as community development, education -- let states decide how funds are used.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 11 Federal, State, and Local Government Expenditures Budget of the United States Government: Historical Tables, Fiscal Year 2005; available at www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy05/hist.html.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 12 Phase V Modern Federalism 1980s> Devolution –More powers to state/local governments BUT Pre-emption –Federal government assumes total or partial control in areas of concurrent responsibility AND Unfunded mandates –Federal government requires states and localities to provide certain services but no federal money to cover the costs.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 13 State Governments Laboratories of democracy –Governors may have more control over state bureaucracies –State legislatures reflect population –State legislatures more professional –Civil right provision have strengthened government; legal barriers to minority voting nearly eliminated
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 14 FEDERAL STATE SHARE Share of tax money significantly skewed to federal government States in financial crisis: most facing bankruptcy. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/04/08/opinion/main686839.shtml http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/04/08/opinion/main686839.shtml Consequences for public mounting –Case of public schools.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.1 | 15 ABC News: Report Card Case of Public Schools 1.Federal, state, concurrent power? 2.Quality of Education in America? 3.Problems in Education today? 4.Role of State/Local? 5.Role of Federal? 6.Role of federalism in dilemma? http://nationalpriorities.org/index.php?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=182 http://nationalpriorities.org/index.php?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=182
Chapter 4 Federalism. 3 types of governments Different Systems of Government Unitary System –Form of government in which the highest level of government.
Activity: Eras of Federalism( in class) By Table Group: Research the following eras of federalism Early Marshall Era Dual Cooperative New ______________________________________.
CHAPTER TWO FEDERALISM AND THE STATES. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.2 | 2 The Concept of Federalism Unitary, Confederate,
Ch. 3 - Federalism. Six Principles of the Constitution Popular Sovereignty – People have the power in the nation Limited Government – Govt only does that.
AP. Gov. Chapter 3. Chap. 3 Federalism strengthens Judicial System (it is needed to deal with fights between States and Feds) States have always been.
Federalism in the United States. Unitary vs Federal vs Confederate.
The Eras of Federalism. 4 Different Eras Marshall Era Federalism (1800s to Civil War) Dual Federalism (Civil War to New Deal) Cooperative Federalism (New.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 3 | 2.
Federalism - The doctrine underlying a system of government in which power is divided between the central government and constituent political sub units.
Federalism AP Government Mrs. Esko. Definition of Federalism Federalism- a system of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have.
FEDERALISM: one of the 6 principles of the Constitution- popular sovereignty - separation of powers - checks and balances - limited government - judicial.
The Evolution of Federalism. Defining Federalism Federalism Constitutional arrangement whereby power is distributed between a central government and subdivisional.
CHAPTER 3 FEDERALISM Federalism. Fiscal Federalism National Government’s patterns of spending, taxation and providing grants to influence state and local.
© 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 3.
The Evolution and Development of Federalism The allocation of powers in our federal system has changed dramatically over the years.
Federalism: Forging a Nation Chapter 3. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism The argument for federalism Authority divided.
Chapter Three Federalism. The Federalism song Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 : ) : ) : ) : )
BULLSEYE VOCABULARY UNIT 1. Federalism Good Luck on your Test!!!!!!!!!!
Chapter 3. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism Authority divided into two levels: national and regional Protects liberty.
Chp.4: Federalism Under the U.S. federal system of government, both the national government and state governments have certain powers.
Federalism Continued/State and Local Politics. Recap Federalism Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Duties of three branches Threats to separation.
Chapter Three Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system where.
Chapter 4 Federalism. Federalism Section 1 Dividing Government Power After much debate, the Framers designed a federal system that they hoped would strengthen.
Chapter 3 Federalism 3 | 1. 3 | 2 Why “Federalism” Matters Federalism is behind many things that matter to many people: –Tax rates –Speed limits –Liquor.
Federalism. Texas v. U.S. Constitution Amendment Process 2/3 vote in state house and senate Explanation of amendments published twice in every newspaper.
Which of the following statements does NOT apply to dual federalism? A. The federal government has no power beyond those specifically granted by the Constitution.
Chapter 3: Federalism. Matching: Federalism Types FEDERALISM, COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM, FISCAL FEDERALISM, DUAL FEDERALISM, NEW FEDERALISM 1. National and.
America and Arizona Government for Elementary Teachers Presentation 6: Federalism.
Intergovernmental Relations I. Definitions A. Old style federalism (dual) B. New style federalism (cooperative)
Review - Part 4Federalism. 1) Which of the following represents the theoretical definition of federalism? a. a division of power between the federal government.
CLIPS/C892KG/THE-DAILY-SHOW-WITH- JON-STEWART-1-5-AMENDMENT?ID=C892KG FEDERALISM.
Chapter Three: Federalism. Learning Outcomes LO 1 Explain some of the benefits of the federal system for the United States. LO 2 Describe how the various.
Federalism Federalism: shared powers between the federal government and the states governments Supremacy Clause (Art. VI, Sec. 2): “This Constitution…….shall.
Federalism. Why Federalism? Would correct the defects of the Articles Protect Liberty: ◦ Framers argued that it was part of the system of checks and balances.
Those Who Can, Teach 10th Edition Kevin Ryan and James M. Cooper Chapter 10 How Are Schools Governed, Influenced, and Financed?
Federalism AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. What is it? Federalism Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal.
Federalism: The Division of Power. What is federalism? Powers are shared between a national government and a local government These powers come from the.
The Constitutional Underpinnings Unit IIB Federalism: The Relationship, Powers, and Limits of the Federal and State Governments.
Chapter Two Federalism and the States. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 2-2 The Concept of Federalism Unitary, Confederate,
FEDERALISM: Is the division of power a constitutional principle or practical politics? And what’s with the baking metaphor?
Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government.
Definition: A system of government in which power and authority is shared or divided between the national government and state governments However, the.
Federalism Chapter 3. Federalism Key Terms (3): 1.Bill of attainder 2.Cooperative federalism 3.Dual federalism 4.Extradition clause 5.Full faith and credit.
Chapter Four Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 4-2 Enduring Questions What is “sovereignty” and where is it located.
Chapter Three Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Chapter Objectives Explain the difference between federal and.
Chapter 12, Section 1 The Federal System. Main Idea - When the framers created our new Constitution, they made sure power would be shared between national.
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman Chapter 3: Federalism Defining Federalism The Constitutional Basis of Federalism Intergovernmental.
Federalism: The Division of Power Chapter 4,. Defining Federalism Why is Federalism So Important? Decentralizes our politics More opportunities for citizens.
FEDERALISM. Federalism What is it? Confederacy v. Unitary v. Federal.
Grants-in-aid Grants show how political realities modify legal authority. Grants dramatically increased in scope in twentieth century. Grants dramatically.
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