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Presentation on theme: "BOXING AUSTRALIA INC STATE/TERRITORY LEVEL JUDGE SEMINAR Version Apr 2010."— Presentation transcript:


2 Purpose  The purpose of today’s session is to:  prepare you to become a qualified State level judge  instil you with the knowledge and understanding of the rules to provide the athletes with fair and consistent rulings.

3 Agenda BA structure Expectations Objectives Dress Gloves Bandages Duties Positioning Hints for judges Awarding of points/Scoring blows Fouls Cautions/warnings Decisions Timekeeping Drawing of bouts Age divisions Weight divisions Rounds Judge analysis Computer scoring Handheld scoring Scorecards-W/X/J/KDs Set-up of computer scoring Practical demonstrations Process for advancement

4 Boxing Australia structure COUNCIL 1 delegate per state & territory Anti-doping Committee Medical Committee Selectors Committee R&J Committee CEO BOARD 5 elected directors National Coach Rules Committee Wayne Rose (Chair) Max Sulejmani (Sec) Ann Tindal Neil McCallum Steve Warn

5 Expectations The expectations of the spectators, competitors and coaches are that the Referees and Judges are totally impartial. Factors that affect R&Js are the four ‘Fs”; that is they are fit, fair, firm and friendly. Judging is only science; refereeing is science as well as art. The 4 ‘F’s’ Fit so you may easily move around the ring with confidence and in touch with the athletes. Fair so that it is openly apparent there is no favouritism. Firm so as coaches and boxers can be confident in our action. Friendly so our sport may flourish and there is all round respect. FirmFair Fit Friendly

6 Objectives The following is a comparison of objectives to make you better understand the role we play and why we have to overcome distractions or disappointments following unpopular decisions.  The objective of an athlete or coach is to:  win the bout [at all cost].  Our objective as officials is to:  ensure we arrive at the correct decision within the boundaries of the rules.

7 Boxers dress  Clothing Light boots or shoes without spikes or heels, socks, shorts not to exceed knee length, and a red or blue vest matching their corner covering the chest and back. Where the vest and shorts are the same colour, the belt line must be clearly indicated. A soft knee brace is acceptable; no metal or hard plastic.  Gum shields Shall be worn and shall be form fitted. Where the gum shield is knocked out the referee shall take the boxer to their corner, have it washed and refitted. While this is being done the seconds are not to talk to the boxer. If the gum shield falls out a third time for any reason the boxer shall be warned and further warned if it happens again. Red coloured gum shields are forbidden  Cup/ breast protectors A cup protector shall be worn by male boxers, a jock strap may be worn in addition. Females may wear a breast protector.

8 Boxers dress cont’  Head guards Boxers shall wear conforming head guards approved by AIBA, BAI or the state. Head guards should be of the same colour as their corner; in national and international bouts it is mandatory. National champs only AIBA approved head guards shall be used (Adidas, Everlast, Top Ten are approved). The head guard will be fitted once in the ring and removed at the bout conclusion and before the decision.  Prohibited objects No other objects may be worn during the bout. No type of body piercing and no body accessories shall be worn during the bout. The use of rubbing liniment or products likely to be harmful or objectionable to an opponent, on the face, arms or any part of the body is forbidden. However, grease or vaseline rubbed into the forehead and eyebrows before a contest is allowable to prevent injury.  Dress infractions A referee shall exclude from competition a boxer that does not wear a head guard, a cup-protector, and gumshield. Where a boxer’s glove or dress becomes undone during boxing the referee shall stop the contest and have it attended to.

9 Gloves Competitors shall wear red or blue gloves as per the respective boxer’s corner and which are approved by AIBA, BAI or the state. At national champs only Adidas, Everlast or Top Ten are approved. Boxers are not allowed to wear their own gloves. The gloves shall weigh 10oz of which the leather portion shall not weigh more than half of the total weight and the padding not less than half the total weight. The regular hitting surface must be marked on the gloves with a clearly discernible colour. The padding of the gloves shall not be displaced or broken. Only clean and serviceable gloves shall be used. All gloves and bandages shall be fitted under the supervision of two knowledgeable officials appointed for that purpose.

10 Bandages A bandage between 2.5m and 4.5m and 5.7cm wide on each hand will be used. No other kind of bandage may be used. The bandages shall be made of stretched material. The use of any kind of tapes, rubber or adhesive plaster, as bandages, is strictly forbidden. However, a single strip of adhesive 3” (7.6cm) long and between 1” (2.5cm) and 2” (5cm) wide, may be used at the upper wrist to secure the bandage. At national champs only AIBA approved bandages will be used (Addidas, Everlast, Top Ten). Bandages shall be checked by the referee at the end of the bout.

11 The judge  Attire:  Judges shall officiate in white clothing and black bow-tie.  Participation:  5 judges will officiate at BAI championship and selection events.  In other events a minimum of 3 judges must be used.  Neither the referee nor timekeeper will judge.  Duties:  The Judges’ primary duty is to independently and without bias judge the bout according to the rules.  Shall use the computer scoring system for judging, or if unavailable a Handheld boxing points calculator or similar; 20:19 scoring is forbidden.  May not speak to anyone during a bout or give any sign to a contestant or judge.  At end of a round, may bring to the referee’s attention anything the referee may not have noticed (eg loose ropes, noisy cornermen).  May not leave seat until the decision is announced.

12 Referees and Judges  This rule deals with the generics of the role. Only AIBA officials shall officiate during Olympic, Worlds, AIBA Challenge matches, Oceania, and other internationals. Referees shall not judge. 5 judges shall be seated at ringside and separate from the public. If 5 judges are unavailable 3 judges may be used but not in national events or major AIBA tournaments. Only officials qualified and approved shall be used – not those being assessed. Officials acting as referees or judges shall not act as a manager, trainer or second during the same tournament. An official may be suspended if they fail to enforce the rules or their marking or scoring is considered unsatisfactory. If the referee is incapacitated during the contest the timekeeper shall ring the bell to stop the bout and the next available referee will resume the bout. The use of the computer scoring is compulsory for all national events and AIBA tournaments. The 20-point scoring system is forbidden. Judges must score with the computer scoring, the Handheld boxing points calculator or similar (clickers).

13 Ring positions 1 2 5 3 4 JURYTABLEJURYTABLE Docs Ref Includes: Announcer Timekeeper Computer operator Jury Chair Recorder Stairs 1 2 3

14 Hints for judges Direct your gaze on a point midway between the two boxers; this will enable you to see and note the actions of each boxer. Avoid any inclination to watch a particular boxer, who by reason of their style or personality may attract more attention than their opponent. Never rely on past performance, reputations or titles earned by a particular athlete. A boxer who swings his/her blows is liable to contact the target area with the inside of the glove. Considerable proportions of swinging blows do not contact with the knuckle part of the closed glove, and are therefore foul blows, for which the judge must not award points. A guide as to the correctness of a swinging blow is whether a boxer turns the glove when delivering the blow. Unless this occurs the blow will almost certainly be struck with the inside of the glove. Infighting may be described as the exchange of several blows when the boxers are close together. The advantage is usually with the boxer whom has the inside position because she/he can strike straight speedy blows whilst their arms protect them. Don’t give credit for blows delivered whilst the boxer is infringing the rules. Don’t be influenced by the reputation of the boxer; the best champion is liable to be beaten. Award your points for the boxing you see, not for what a boxer can do, or has done on other occasions. Don’t be influenced by the crowd or by the corners. Don’t engage in conversation or other distractions during the contest, but give your undivided attention to the competing boxers, however, be prepared to advise the referee if she/he seeks your advice.

15 Awarding of points Scoring Blow A scoring blow must, without being blocked or guarded, land with the knuckle part of the closed glove of either hand on any part of the front or sides of the head or body above the belt. Swings landing as above are scoring blows. The awarding of points follows the principles of one point for every scoring blow. Scoring points are when at least 3 of the 5 judges (or when using 3 judges, 2 of the 3 judges) simultaneously record a punch that is in their opinion has been delivered correctly on the target area.

16 Fouls oHitting below the belt, holding, tripping, kicking, and butting with foot or knee. oHits or blows with head, shoulder, forearm, elbow, throttling of the opponent, pressing with arm or elbow in opponent’s face, pressing the head of the opponent back over the ropes. oHitting with open glove, the inside of the glove, wrist or side of the hand. oHits landing on the back of the opponent, and especially any blow on the back of the neck or head and kidney punch. oPivot blows. oAttack whilst holding the ropes or making any unfair use of the ropes. oLying on, wrestling and throwing in the clinch. oAn attack on an opponent who is down or who is in the act of rising. oHolding. oHolding and hitting or pulling and hitting. oHolding, or locking of the opponent’s arm or head, or pushing an arm underneath the arm of an opponent. oDucking below the belt of the opponent in a manner dangerous to an opponent. oCompletely passive defence by double cover and intentionally falling, running or turning the back to avoid a blow or to engage in combat. oUseless, aggressive, or offensive utterances during a round. oNot stepping back when ordered to break. oAttempting to strike an opponent immediately after the referee has ordered “break” and before stepping back. oAssaulting or behaving in an aggressive manner towards a referee at any time. oSpitting out the gumshield. oKeeping the advanced hand straight in order to obstruct the opponent’s vision.  If a referee has any reason to believe a foul has been committed which is unseen, the ref may consult the judges.

17 Cautions and warnings A caution is advice or admonishment for less serious infringements. 3 cautions for the same type of foul shall require a warning to be given. A warning is given where a boxer breaks the rules but does not warrant disqualification. A minor infringement that is not advantageous to the offender does not merit a warning. A caution therefore should be sufficient. Warnings are for dangerous infringements, harm fouls or persistent offences. Cautions and warnings must be given clearly in such a way that the boxer understands the offence and that you are "speaking" to him/her with your signal. Demonstrate by imitating the nature of the infringements. To issue a "warning" the referee must stop the bout by giving the command "stop". Send the victim boxer to the neutral corner, give warning (indicate this with the thumb), clearly showing infringement to boxer, then indicate to each judge in order from No 1 (jury 1 st) to No 5 with the demonstrating thumb. Demonstrate again to boxer the infringement and indicate with thumb that warning has been given, and then order BOX. The command "box" should be given only after you have been satisfied that the offender clearly understands the warning.

18 Cautions and warnings cont’ At the "third" warning, you must disqualify the offender. After you have disqualified the boxer by issuing the warning and then returning the boxers to their respective corners, you must let your decision be known to the Jury/official in charge and to each judge (only for Handheld Boxing Points Calculator scoring). For this purpose, you may lean over the ropes and very clearly indicate which boxer you have disqualified. Do NOT take a disqualified boxer, or for that matter any stoppage, to his/her corner and enter into any discussion with the boxer or the seconds to justify your decision. Judges’ responsibility  Where a judge agrees with a warning the judge will press the ‘warning’ button, whereas if a judge does not agree with the warning he/she simply does not press any buttons. Where a judge is unsighted they shall agree with the referee.  Where a judge sees a foul where the referee was possibly obstructed or failed to respond, the judge may penalise the boxer by pressing the ‘warning’ button. This will be indicated by a ‘J’ on the bout printout and will increase the judge’s individual score by 2 blows. However, if 2 other judges press the warning button within 20 secs then the victim boxer will receive 2 scoring blows. Boxer down from a foul  Where a boxer has been knocked down from a foul his/her opponent shall be warned, and the victim boxer shall receive two (2) points or the equivalent to two (2) scoring blows if three of the five judges agree with the referee. Where the judge does not see the alleged foul blow the judge shall agree with the referee. Where the referee fails to warn the offending boxer, but simply gives a caution then the judge is to warn the boxer.

19 Pop Quiz What brand of gloves/headguards are allowed at national events? What year did Snowy Baker win a silver medal at the Olympic Games? What is the main duty of the judge? What is a scoring blow? How is a ‘warning’ issued?

20 Decisions (and actions) Win on points. Retirement. RSC:  Outclassed (OC).  Injury. Disqualification. Knockout. RSCH (referee stops contest – head injury).  ‘R.S.C.H.’ is a term to be used only when a boxer is being saved from a knockout after having received hard head blows making him defenceless and incapable of continuing.  The term RSCH is not to be used when a boxer is simply outclassed and is receiving too many scoring hits without scoring him/herself. Walkover. No contest. Draw.

21 The timekeeper  The primary duty of the timekeeper is to regulate the number, duration and intervals between the rounds.  The intervals between rounds are one full minute (60 seconds) in duration.  Five seconds before the start of each round, the timekeeper shall signal “seconds out” by use of a whistle, similar device or by informing the announcer to announce “seconds out”.  The timekeeper shall commence and end each round by striking the gong, bell, buzzer or horn, etc.  The Timekeeper shall announce the number of each round prior to the start of the round.  The timekeeper shall regulate all periods of time and counts by a watch or clock.  The clock is paused for warnings, cautions, bringing the dress or equipment into order, or for any other reason except that it is NOT paused during a count. A full one-minute rest shall be given between rounds. No additional round(s) may be given.  In the event of a knockdown, the timekeeper shall:  immediately start the count by raising his/her hand  regulate the passing seconds with movement of the hand in a visual position for the referee’s direction  begin the count from “one” to ten with intervals of one second; and  resume the clock; as any count is part of the duration of the round.  If, at the end of the round, a boxer is ‘down’ and the referee is in the course of counting, the gong or bell will not be sounded until the referee has given the command ‘box’ indicating the continuation of the round.

22 Drawing of bouts  Purpose The draw will take place following the weigh-in and 3 hrs before the first bout of the first session. To reduce the number of boxers in the first series down to 2, 4, 8, etc boxers in the second series. To determine the order of competition. 1 2 3 4 5 Where there is 5 boxers there will be 1 bout, 3 byes as such: 1 2 3 4 5 Where there is 8 boxers there will be 4 bouts, 0 byes as such: 6 7 8 Bout 5 Bout 6 Bout 1 Bout 2 Bout 3 Bout 4 Bout 7 Bout 1 Bout 2 Bout 3 Bout 4

23 Age limits  The boxer’s age is determined by using their year of birth.  At non-championship bouts boxers under 17 years are not permitted to compete against a boxer who is 2 calendar years or more older, unless an exemption is approved.  Where a boxer under 17 years competes against a boxer aged over 17 years the under 17 rules apply. Accordingly, where boundaries are crossed the lower age group always applies.  Australian states vary in their age restrictions for boxers to compete. Currently, many states within Australia allow boxers to compete from age 10 years. Due to Government restrictions, boxers in some states can only start competition from age 12 or 14 years.  Divisions within Australia  U11 – 10 years  U13 – 11 or 12 years.  U15 – 13 or 14 years  Junior – 15 or 16 years.  Youth – 17 or 18 years.  Elite – 17 years and 34 years.  Masters – 35 years and over (unlimited)  Australian championship ages at the first weigh-in  Schoolboy/girl – 13 years and 14 years.  Junior male and female – 15 years and 16 years.  Youth male and female – 17 years and 18 years.  Elite Male and Female – 17 years and 34 years.

24 Weights  Males 17 years and over will compete as per international rules: 46Kg-49Kg, 52Kg, 56Kg, 60Kg, 64Kg, 69Kg, 75Kg, 81Kg, 91Kg, & 91+ Kg.  Females 17 years and over will compete in: 45Kg-48 Kg, 51Kg, 54Kg, 57Kg, 60Kg, 64Kg, 69Kg, 75Kg, 81Kg, 91Kg, & 91+ Kg. The 91Kg and 91+ Kg divisions are not recognised for international competition and as such those boxers competing in these categories will be considered as 81+ Kg for any international event /selection.  Male and female boxers aged 15 and 16 years of age will compete in: 46Kg, 48Kg, 50Kg, 52Kg, 54Kg, 57Kg, 60Kg, 63Kg, 66Kg, 70Kg, 75Kg, 80Kg, & 86 Kg, 92 Kg, and 92+ Kg. The 86Kg, 92Kg and 92+Kg divisions are not recognised for international competition and as such those boxers competing in these categories will be considered as 80+Kg for any international event/ selection.  Male and Female boxers aged 10 to 16 years of age inclusive are permitted to compete in BAI competitions, subject to any legislative or government policy restrictions, and their weight divisions will include 22Kg, 24Kg, 26Kg, 28Kg, 30Kg, 32Kg, 34Kg, 36Kg, 38Kg, 40Kg, 42Kg, and 44 Kg, in addition to those listed above.  In bouts that are not selections or championships, boxers in differing weight divisions may only be matched according to the restrictions as follows or where an exemption is approved:  Boxers aged under 17 years will have no more than 2Kg difference in weight up to and including 54 Kg, then no more than the equivalent weight division difference up to and including 92+ Kg.  Boxers aged 17 years or more will have no more than 3Kg difference in weight up to and including 60Kg, then no more than the equivalent weight division difference up to and including 91+ Kg.

25 Rounds  Under 13 yrs:  Boys and girls – 3 x 1 ½ min rounds.  Novice championships – 3 x 1 to 3 x 1 ½ min rounds.  Schoolboy/girl:  Boys and girls – 3 x 1 ½ min rounds.  Novice championships – 3 x 1 to 3 x 1 ½ min rounds.  Junior:  Boys and girls – 3 x 2 min rounds.  Novice championships – 3 x 1 ½ min rounds.  Youth:  Male – 3 x 3 min rounds.  Female – 4 x 2 min rounds.  Novice championships – 3 x 2 min rounds.  Elite:  Male – 3 x 3 min rounds.  Female – 4 x 2 min rounds.  Novice championships – 3 x 2 min rounds.  Masters:  Male and female – 3 x 2 min rounds.  Stopping the contest for warnings, cautions, fixing the dress, fixing equipment, or for any other reason (other than a count), is not included in the duration of the round.  A full one-minute rest period shall be given between rounds.

26 Computer scoring In 1990, AIBA made computerised scoring mandatory for all international tournaments, and BA rules require computerised scoring also for all national competitions in Australia. The main purpose of computerised scoring is to ensure fair, objective and purely technical decisions for the boxers. Other advantages are: Judges are relieved of the tedious calculations to determine points and can concentrate on recognising and recording scoring blows only. Trace recording of all judges actions at every second of the bout are made, and faster, more accurate flow of information and less delay between bouts occurs. All Judges’ reactions are immediately displayed on the screen that is situated in front of the jury. In this manner the jury is able to monitor the effectiveness of each Judge. All data that is collected during the bout is synchronised with the bout clock. This means that each press of a button by a Judge is immediately time stamped and registered. As we do not use a bout clock linked to the computer, our situation is that the computer internally registers this information that can then be extracted. Judges new to computer scoring generally tend to under-press or over-press significantly. It is important to learn to relax and not be trigger-happy, since you cannot “undo” a press of the button. There is plenty of time for you to determine if a punch is valid, and ensure that you press the button for the correct corner (red or blue) promptly but without rushing.

27 Computer scoring cont’ Scoring pad Concept On/off button Scoring buttons Warning buttons Visual display Visual display button Power input

28 Computer scoring cont’ Warnings Judge’s warning Draw If computer malfunctions Judges assessment Individual score Individual accepted score Combined accepted score

29 Computer scoring cont’ If the computer scoring system becomes defective during a bout the Jury shall cease the bout for one minute. Scores retained If, during the one-minute period the system cannot be repaired and the scores at the time of the stoppage are retained, proceed as follows: The judges shall use hand held scoring devices (includes clicker devices) and record the bout for the duration and record the score onto scoring paper. At the end of the contest the jury shall collect the scoring papers from the judges. Add the judges’ individual scores from the computer to the scores from the scoring papers, delete the high and low scores from the red and blue corner to arrive at the winner. Scores not retained If during the one minute period the system cannot be repaired and the scores at the time of the stoppage are not retained, proceed as follows: If the incident occurs in the 1 st, 2 nd, or in case of a 4 round bout the 3 rd round, and there are at least three more bouts scheduled in that session, the bout shall be rescheduled as the final bout of the session. If the incident occurs in the 1 st, 2 nd, or in case of a 4 round bout the 3 rd round, and there are less than three more bouts scheduled in that session, the bout shall be rescheduled to the start of the next session; but if there are no further sessions scheduled for the event then the judges will be asked to decide the winner. If the incident occurs after the end of the 2 nd, or in case of a 4 round bout the 3 rd round, the judges will be asked to decide the winner.

30 Handheld boxing points calculator Concept  Handheld calculators are not connected to a computer, but use the same concept as a simple press of a red or blue button each time a scoring blow has been delivered. This enables the judge to fully concentrate on the bout and to simply react to a scoring punch. On0 = Sum + %123- Box Cal 456X Round 789/ W W Start/ Display On button Boxing mode Start scoring Scoring buttons Warning buttons Round button Stop scoring Display scores

31 Handheld boxing points calculator Scorecard Location: Bout No:Weight Div: Date: Referee:Judge: RED BLUE Boxer’s name: Club/State: Boxer’s name: Club/State: Warnings & counts Warning & counts Points Round Total 1 2 3 4 In case of tied score Most leading off or better style Better defenceOther WINNER RED BLUE ……………………..Signature of Judge Rounds 1 2 3 4 PointsKnockout HB DisqRetired RSC Head RSC Out- class RSC Injury RSC Comp Count Limit WalkoverNo Contest W J-OG KDH Scorecard Warnings Judge’s warnings Knockdowns Procedure at end of bout Points equal at end of bout X

32 Pop Quiz How many bouts and byes in a draw for 13 boxers? Can boxers compete outside their weight/age division: –At championships? –At other events (under what circumstances)? How is a winner determined when there is a draw in computer scoring? How is a point scored in computer scoring? After a warning, how many points are awarded to the victim boxer in computer scoring?

33 Judge’s analysis

34 Computer set-up 1 2 5 3 4 JURYTABLEJURYTABLE Docs Ref Stairs

35 Practical demonstrations of computer set-up

36 Process for advancement Modules –Successfully perform as a gloving steward –Successfully perform as a timekeeper –Successfully set up the computer scoring system –Demonstrate understanding of a draw –Demonstrate understanding of the judges’ evaluation


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