Presentation on theme: "Political Parties – Three Key Terms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Political Parties – Three Key Terms De-alignmentAbandonment of citizens from identifying with the two political parties.Critical electionAn electoral “earthquake” in which the election results produce surprising change.RealignmentChange in the political party that occurs after a “critical election”. Change includes platform, demographic support, & change in majority. Change is national as well as local and has permanence.
2 The issues The issues Democrats Republicans Liberal Pro spending on social programsPro choiceGay rightsSecularRelax immigration rulesGun controlAffirmative ActionCampaign regulationsAnti death penaltyFederal government powerProactive on environmentEmbrace changeConservativePro spending on militaryPro lifePro traditional marriageAllow religion in public lifeBorder controlSecond Amendment rightsIndividualismEconomic freedom on campaignsPro Death PenaltyState government powerEnvironmental regs hurt businessesEmbraceTradition
3 Voting Coalitions of the Two Parties: DemocratsRepublicansYoung (18-21)WomenAfrican AmericanJewishNorth Eastern & Western RegionsUrbanUnionUpper IncomeProtestant/church goingMilitary familiesSouthMidwestRural
5 Party Realignments Why are these a big deal? 1800 Federalists and Anti Federalists1828 Jacksonian Democrats vs. Whigs1860 Two Republican Eras1932 The New Deal CoalitionToday – the era of “Divided Government”
6 Political Party Organizations Decentralized why?National Party Committee- In charge of National ConventionState Party Committee- In charge of holding primaries/caucuses and sending delegates to the National Convention
8 Obstacles to Third Parties (Unit III) What is a “third party”?Cite examples of third partiesIdentify and describe major challenges to third party success in the United States todayBallot accessDebate accessProportional access
9 Role of the Party in Presidential Elections Define: plurality electionDefine: majority electionDefine: winner take all electionDefine primary, caucus, convention. What are some of the different types of primaries?
10 What does it mean to have a “big tent” party? Obama attempts to build a big tent:Glenn Beck Criticizes the big tent:Blue Dog Democrat (Democrats who are conservative on social issues)RINO (Republican In Name Only)Tea Party
11 Impact of Tea Party on Recent Republican Primaries Tea-party backed Republicans have beaten “RINO” Republicans in Primaries, sometimes to lose in the General Election.Example: Christine O’Donnell who ran for US Senate in Delaware, won in Republican primary against Mike Castle (RINO) but lost in general election to Democrat Chris Coons.
13 Was the election of 1994 a realignment? (1) President Clinton began his presidency with a Democratic controlled Congress. Democrats had controlled Congress for 40 years.
14 Was the election of 1994 a realignment? (2) In 1994 the mid-term election Republicans took control of Congress, with Newt Gingrich as the Republican Speaker of the House, promising to implement a “Contract with America” or a series of conservative policies.
15 Nominating Presidential Candidates -More democracy now or less?
16 CHANGES IN PROCESS Then: PARTY LEADERS CHOSE NOMINEES Now:CITIZENS VOTE AT THE STATE LEVEL TO CHOOSE NOMINEES
18 PARTIES HOLD NOMINATING ELECTIONS IN EACH STATE PRIMARYclosedOpenCAUCUSIOWA HAS FIRST CAUCUSHoward Dean after losing Iowa:NEW HAMPSHIRE HAS FIRST PRIMARYSUPER TUESDAY
19 Primaries/Caucuses an overview of the vote count THE NATIONAL PARTY GIVES A CERTAIN NUMBER OF DELEGATE VOTES TO EACH STATE (similar to electors being allowed to represent each state)THE STATE COUNTS THE VOTE AND SENDS DELEGATES TO THE NATIONAL CONVENTION BY ONE OF TWO FORMULAS:WINNER TAKE ALL (Republicans)PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION (Democrats)
20 Checking for understanding… State of Oceana has 100 delegates to both conventions10% of vote goes to candidate A40% of vote goes to candidate B50% of votes goes to candidate CHow many delegates to the Democratic national convention does A,B, and C receive?How many delegates to the Republican national convention does A,B, and C receive?
21 And sometimes not !During the 2008 Democratic Primaries, Florida and Michigan were stripped of their delegates by the national party!
22 THE NATIONAL CONVENTIONShttp://www. demconvention. com/; http://www ONCE A TIME OF SUSPENSE, NOW JUST A BIG POLITICAL STAGE SHOWDELEGATE VOTES COUNTED, NOMINEE OFFICIALLY ANNOUNCEDRUNNING MATE ANNOUNCEDSPEECHES AND RATIFICATION OF PARTY PLATFORMA BIG POLITICAL PEP RALLY
23 1968 Democratic Convention – Chicago – A Turning Point George McGovern initiated changes to the rules to prevent another convention disasterQuota for female and minority delegates was establishedproportional representation was mandated and a requirement to vote by state rule
24 McGovern Reforms - Democrats con’t Due to the great debate within Democratic party about changesCompromise was made – SUPERDELEGATESHow important are superdelegates
25 In 2008 the Superdelegate vote made a difference for the Democrats!
26 Observations:What is the difference between Democrats and Republicans in how they nominate candidates?Is there more democracy or less now and what are your arguments?How has the movement to primaries since the 60s altered our presidental race?