2Narrative Poetry Plot Characters Conflict A poem that tells a story.“Papa’s Fishing Hole” by -Elisabeth D. BabinI place my tiny hand in hisas we walk to Papa’s Fishing Hole.I hand him a wiggling night crawlerfighting for his life.The deadly hook squishesthrough the worm’s head,and I watch the brown guts ooze out.Papa throws the pole’s long arm backand then forward.The line lands in a murky spotalong the reedy shore.Now I get to reel it in.Nothing yet, he says.He casts again. I reel it in.Still nothing.Three time’s a charm, he says.He casts.A strike.We turn the crank together.The fish jumps from the waterand his colors form a rainbowas he arches his body above the reeds.My Papa handles himwith the skill of a masteras I stop helping to watch him work.A stiff jerk, a quick reel, a stiff jerk again.The fish doesn’t have a chance, I yell.I know. I know. I know, he says.
3Ballads intended to be sung narrative poem usually contains a chorus or refrainI remember when we broke up the first time Saying, "This is it, I've had enough," 'cause like We hadn't seen each other in a month When you said you needed space. (What?) Then you come around again and say "Baby, I miss you and I swear I'm gonna change, trust me." Remember how that lasted for a day? I say, "I hate you," we break up, you call me, "I love you." Ooh, we called it off again last night But ooh, this time I'm telling you, I'm telling youWe are never ever ever getting back together, We are never ever ever getting back together, You go talk to your friends, talk to my friends, talk to me But we are never ever ever ever getting back together
4Epic superhuman deeds long narrative poem majestic language mythical settinglong narrative poemreflects beliefs of the culturefollows adventures of a hero
5Elegy “To an Athlete Dying Young” Focuses on the actual loss or the grief associated with it.Poem written in response to a person’s death“To an AthleteDying Young”The time you won your town the race We carried you through the market-place; Man and boy stood cheering by, And home we brought you shoulder-high.To-day, the road all runners come, Shoulder-high we bring you home, And set you at your threshold down, Townsman of a stiller town.Smart lad, to slip betimes away From fields were glory does not stay And early though the laurel grows It withers quicker than the rose.Elegyepitapheulogy
6Lyric Poetry "DREAMS" by Langston Hughes Very personal in nature Focuses on feelings and perceptions about a specific subject."DREAMS" by Langston HughesHold onto dreams For if dreams die Life is like a broken-winged bird That cannot fly.Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow.
7HaikuFollows a pattern of:5 syllables7 syllablesJapanese form of unrhymed poetry3 lines longfocuses on natureAn old silent pond... A frog jumps into water, splash! Silence again.
8Ode to Pablo’s Tennis Shoes a poem that shows what is good and unique about a certain subjectOde to Pablo’s Tennis ShoesThey wait under Pablo’s bed,Rain-beaten, sun-beaten,A scuff of greenAt their tipsFrom when he fellIn the school yard.He fell leaping for a footballThat sailed his way.But Pablo fell and got up,Green on his shoes,With the footballOut of reach.Now it’s night.Pablo is in bed listeningTo his mother laughingto the Mexican novelas on TV.His shoes, twin petsThat snuggle his toes,Are under the bed.He should have bathed,But he didn’t.(Dirt rolls from his palm,Blades of grassTumble from his hair.)He loves his shoes,Cloth like a sail,Rubber likeA lifeboat on rough sea.Pablo is tired,Sinking into the mattress.His eyes sting fromGrass and long words in books.He needs eight hoursOf sleepTo cool his shoes,The tongues hangingOut, exhausted.
9Free VerseA poem written without any regular rhyme scheme, rhythm, or line pattern.
10Written in iambic pentameter SonnetFollows a rhyme scheme:14-lined poemABABCDCDEFEFGGWritten in iambic pentameter(da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM-da-DUM)Sonnet 130My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;Coral is far more red than her lips' red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.I have seen roses damasked, red and white,But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing sound;I grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress when she walks treads on the ground.And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.Couplet
11Rhyme Time!!! Rhyme Scheme There once was a man from Peru The pattern of rhyme at the end of each line of poetry.Represented by different letters for each new rhyme.There once was a man from PeruWho dreamt he was eating a shoe.He awoke with a frightIn the middle of the nightTo find that his dream had come true.AABBA
12Specific Rhymes Slant Rhyme Internal Rhyme Words that are close to rhyming, but aren’t perfect.soul/all eye/lightInternal RhymeWords that appear in the same line and rhyme.In the gray grains of sandThe dark veins of dropping rain.
13Sound Devices Buzz Plop Smack Alliterationthe repeating of a consonant sound in consecutive words.Sally sold Sam several seashells.Assonancethe repeating of a vowel sound in consecutive words.How now, brown cow?Onomatopoeiathe use of words that imitate the sounds they describe.Buzz Plop Smack
14Differences between Poetry and Prose In prose writing we use sentences, while in poetry we write in lines.In prose writing we use paragraphs, while in poetry large chunks are called stanzas.In prose writing the story is told by a narrator, while in poetry, the voice of the poem is called the speaker.
15Extended metaphor/simile A comparison that lasts longer than one line. Instead it continues for an entire stanza or an entire poem.