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Grab a Bellringer from the front and begin working on it quickly and quietly. Hellooooooo!

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Presentation on theme: "Grab a Bellringer from the front and begin working on it quickly and quietly. Hellooooooo!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Grab a Bellringer from the front and begin working on it quickly and quietly. Hellooooooo!

2 Events, People, Tactics

3 Analyze the issues that gave rise to the Civil Rights Movement from post-reconstruction to the modern movement. Trace the major events of the modern movement and compare and contrast the strategies and tactics for social change used by leading individuals/groups. Today’s Objectives

4 Jim Crow Laws Poll Taxes Southern states made people pay a tax to vote Literacy Tests Southern states required people to pass a literacy test in order to vote. Grandfather Clause You could only vote if your grandfather did. In the late 1800s most Southern Blacks’ grandparents grew up as slaves. Oppression in the South

5 Share Cropping Tenant Farming (rented land) Under this system, Southern blacks farmed land that they rented from white land owners. White land owners required them to turn over all the crops that they grew except what they needed to live on. (Share their crop) This kept Southern blacks in a continuous state of poverty. Economic Barriers

6 De Jure Segregation De facto Segregation Private citizens enforcing segregation practices within their communities Segregation imposed by Law. Segregation in the United States

7 Civil Rights Activists used several different tactics (methods) to advance the causes of the civil rights movement. 1.Civil Disobedience/Public Demonstrations/Passive Resistance 2.Self-Segregation 3.Black Power Tactics

8 To make the CRM work, Arican Americans had to organize themselves. These organizations included: CONGRESS OF RACIAL EQUALITY (CORE): Core made SIT-INS, and other non-violent tactics popular. SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE (SCLC): Led by Dr. King, organized ministers to help with the CRM and help increase black voter registration. Helped cement the CHURCH’S role in the Civil Rights Movement. Organizing the Movement

9 WEB DuboisMartin Luther King Jr. Known for his method of passive resistance. Founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. After the Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama the SCLC met to decide how to non- violently desegregate bus systems across the South. Founded the Niagara Movement which eventually became the NAACP. Used Civil Disobedience to draw media attention to the injustices of the law. Used Civil Disobedience to challenge laws in Court. Using Civil Disobedience

10 Sit-ins Civil Rights Activists went and literally sat in public places in protest of segregation. Restaurants were a popular location for these. Examples of Civil Disobedience

11 Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964 Fannie Lou Hamer Went to Indianola to register to vote Hamer and her colleagues were beaten brutally by police and arrested. This sparked a mobilization of people in Mississippi and organized the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. She was able to speak at the Democratic Convention about her experiences and show on the national stage the injustices surrounding voting rights in the South Examples of Civil Disobedience

12 Bus Boycott and Freedom Rides Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and was arrested for sitting in the whites only section. Civil Rights Activist boycotted (refused to use) the Montgomery Bus System. Freedom Rides Black and white college students rode busses together through the segregated south. They experienced violence and arrests in almost every city they traveled to. Examples of Civil Disobedience

13 March from Selma to MontgomeryMarches on Washington A. Phillip Randolph proposed a march on Washington during World War II in protest of discrimination against black defense industry workers. Martin Luther King Jr. led a March on Washington where he delivered his I have a dream speech. This is now one of the most recognized speeches in history. Civil Rights Activists joined together in a march from Selma, AL to Montgomery, AL. The day became known as Bloody Sunday as the marchers were beaten by Alabama State Police. Examples of Public Demonstrations

14 James Meredith and the Integration of Ole Miss

15 Marcus Garvey Started the back to Africa movement. Garvey believed that people of African descent should return to their homeland. Self-Segregation

16 Stokely Carmichael Head of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.(SNCC) Moved away from MLKs desire for peaceful integration toward self- segregation and the Black Power Movement. Malcolm X A Fiery speaker who used “aggressive” tactics to promote black power and a separation of the races. Self-Segregation and Black Power

17 The Black Panther Party Very aggressive organization. Literally began arming themselves. Used militant tactics. Self-Segregation and Black Power

18 How did different groups use different tactics to advance the causes of the Civil Rights Movement? Which of these were the most effective? The Big Picture

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