Presentation on theme: "2.2 An English Settlement at Jamestown Objective: Learn the reasons for English Settlement at Jamestown Understand how Jamestown survived and the sources."— Presentation transcript:
2.2 An English Settlement at Jamestown Objective: Learn the reasons for English Settlement at Jamestown Understand how Jamestown survived and the sources of conflict with Native Americans
Europeans in North America First European to North America –Vikings (c. 1001) First English settlement –Roanoke 1587 (Walter Raleigh, Croatoan) Oldest English Colony –Jamestown 1607 Oldest European Colony –St. Augustine 1565 (Spain: de Aviles)
Jamestown Disastrous start –D–Disease, starvation, and thoughts of gold (Sp. Model) Virginia Co. Investors wanted quick return –J–January 1608 only 38 of 150 survived John Smith –T–Took control of the settlement Work or get out –H–Help of the Powhatan (Pocahontas story) –T–Turned colony around October 1609 gunpowder accident=Starving time (winter 1609) June 1610: 600 more Colonists sent to Jamestown (De La Warr/Rolfe) –R–Reaction of the Powhatan (less helpful/raids: WHY?)
Fate of Jamestown After starving time, colonists wanted to leave –They were convinced to stay and work Forced, beaten and hung –Grew into a profitable company, why? Tobacco, AKA “Brown Gold” (John Rolfe)(John Rolfe) “Headright” system / Indentured servants –Result : Class Conflict African laborers –Arrived in 1619 Initially treated as Indentured servants Benefits: Price and resistance to disease less indentured servants available –By late 1600’s less indentured servants available –Bacon Effect?
List some of the problems encountered by the English colonists at Roanoke and Jamestown: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Compare and Contrast Headright System, Indentured Servants, and African Slaves PAGES 46-47 HeadrightServantsSlaves
Map: European Settlements and Indians, 1754 http://www.sbg.ac.at/ges/people/wagnleitner/usa1/slide/early_settlements_1750.jpg European Settlements and Indian tribes 1750
Q: How was the English pattern of conquest different from that of the Spanish? A: Both used conquest, but the English did not intermarry with the Native Americans, did not attempt to convert them, and were not successful in making them into slaves.
Anglo-Powhatan Wars in VA 1614 Peace- Pocahontas & John Rolfe marry 1622, 347 settlers killed, incl. John Rolfe 1624 Made a royal colony by King James I –More soldiers and settlers 1644, Powhatan defeated 1685, Powhatan extinct Disease, Disorganization, Disposability