Presentation on theme: "Communism spreads in East Asia Ch 15 Sec 3. Chiang Kai Shek ( Jiang Jieshi) vs. Mao Zedong."— Presentation transcript:
Communism spreads in East Asia Ch 15 Sec 3
Chiang Kai Shek ( Jiang Jieshi) vs. Mao Zedong
1949 – Rise of Communist China In June, Jiang Jieshi defeated by Mao Oct 1, Mao proclaims People’s Republic of China (PRC)
How the Communists Won Mao Zedong Triumphed for many reasons: 1) He won the support of the huge peasant population. 2) The Nationalist Party lost support. 3) Widespread support of Communists helped them to gain rail lines and surround Nationalist-held cities.
Mao held office from 1945 to 1976
Mao Changes Chinese Society Mao built a communist one-party totalitarian state in the People’s Republic of China. The gov’t seized properties-both rural & urban. Opponents were killed, beaten or sent to labor camps.
Mao Makes Changes Con’td W/Soviet help China built new dams and factories. Mao called for collectivization (the forced pooling of peasant land & labor) in attempt to increase productivity.
Great Leap Forward (GLF) Mao led a failed program called the Great Leap Forward. The goal was to increase farm & industrial output.
Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward was a horrible failure-it produced low quality goods, there was no incentive & weather became a problem. 55 Million thought to have starved to death
Cultural Revolution 1966 Mao launched the Cultural Revolution. The goal was to purge China of “bourgeoisie” tendencies. The accused were publicly humiliated or beaten & sometimes killed. With a decline of skilled people China’s economy slows yet again…
A painting depicting Mao Zedong with the Red Guards.
The “Little Red Book” A collection of Mao’s quotations
Catching Up Relations sour between China & USSR United States Attempts to improve relations with China in order to isolate the USSR. We “play the China card”
The Korean War
Containment Containment: a policy to stop the spread of communism or to contain communism.
38 th Parallel When WWII ended Korea became divided at the 38 th Parallel. The Soviets supplied North Korea w/tanks, airplanes & money.
38 th Parallel
North Korea Attacks South Korea June 25 th, 1950 North Korea swept across the 38 th Parallel into South Korea. W/in days North Korea had moved deep into South Korea. Link 25:00Link
The Shifting Map of Korea [ ]
North Korea Attacks Cont’d The U.S. Policy of Containment was being tested South Korea asked the UN for help. 15 Nations led by MacArthur went to South Korea to help stop the invasion.
Profile: General Douglas MacArthur –Born 1880, father was successful army officer West Point, top military school –Fought in WWI, 13 medals for bravery –Became younger Colonel in US Army in (F) –1930: Became Chief of Staff of Army –In WWII commanded allied forces in southern Pacific. Devised successful island-hopping campaign –1945: Personally accepted (J) surrender – ruled (J) as commander of occupation –Bullying, no-nonsense style got things done –Sometimes annoyed political leaders by not following orders age 70 given command of UN forces in Korea –1951: Relieved of command for criticizing Truman’s desire to limit war in Korea –Failed to get Republican nomination for ’52 election –1964: Died
North Korea Advances but… By September 1950 North Korea controlled the entire Korean peninsula except for a tiny area around Pusan in the far southeast, the “Pusan perimeter.” That same month MacArthur launched a surprise invasion.. Troops came north from Pusan and from an amphibious landing from Inchon.
North Korea Retreats The amphibious landing led by MacArthur was a huge success. UN troops push all the way to the Yalu River Soldiers entering South Korea at Inchon ->
Korean War [ ]
China feels threatened! China sends 300,000 troops into Korea
China Pushes Back The Chinese greatly outnumber the UN forces. By Jan they pushed the UN out of Northern Korea & then captured the capital, Seoul.
Peace (?) Stalemate July 1953 –Armistice signed –Technically, the US/UN are still fighting NK –US 2 nd Infantry Division still stationed on De-Militarized Zone (DMZ) on the border of the two Koreas
Casualties in the Korean War
QW How does this image illustrate the negatives of communism 2 Min