1949 – Rise of Communist China In June, Jiang Jieshi defeated by Mao Oct 1, Mao proclaims People’s Republic of China (PRC)
How the Communists Won Mao Zedong Triumphed for many reasons: 1) He won the support of the huge peasant population. 2) The Nationalist Party lost support. 3) Widespread support of Communists helped them to gain rail lines and surround Nationalist-held cities.
Mao Changes Chinese Society Mao built a communist one-party totalitarian state in the People’s Republic of China. The gov’t seized properties-both rural & urban. Opponents were killed, beaten or sent to labor camps.
Mao Makes Changes Con’td W/Soviet help China built new dams and factories. Mao called for collectivization (the forced pooling of peasant land & labor) in attempt to increase productivity.
Great Leap Forward (GLF) 1958-1960 Mao led a failed program called the Great Leap Forward. The goal was to increase farm & industrial output.
Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward was a horrible failure-it produced low quality goods, there was no incentive & weather became a problem. 55 Million thought to have starved to death
Cultural Revolution 1966 Mao launched the Cultural Revolution. The goal was to purge China of “bourgeoisie” tendencies. The accused were publicly humiliated or beaten & sometimes killed. With a decline of skilled people China’s economy slows yet again…
A painting depicting Mao Zedong with the Red Guards.
The “Little Red Book” A collection of Mao’s quotations
Catching Up Relations sour between China & USSR United States Attempts to improve relations with China in order to isolate the USSR. We “play the China card”
North Korea Attacks Cont’d The U.S. Policy of Containment was being tested South Korea asked the UN for help. 15 Nations led by MacArthur went to South Korea to help stop the invasion.
Profile: General Douglas MacArthur –Born 1880, father was successful army officer –Trained @ West Point, top military school –Fought in WWI, 13 medals for bravery –Became younger Colonel in US Army in (F) –1930: Became Chief of Staff of Army –In WWII commanded allied forces in southern Pacific. Devised successful island-hopping campaign –1945: Personally accepted (J) surrender –1945-51 ruled (J) as commander of occupation –Bullying, no-nonsense style got things done –Sometimes annoyed political leaders by not following orders –1950: @ age 70 given command of UN forces in Korea –1951: Relieved of command for criticizing Truman’s desire to limit war in Korea –Failed to get Republican nomination for ’52 election –1964: Died
North Korea Advances but… By September 1950 North Korea controlled the entire Korean peninsula except for a tiny area around Pusan in the far southeast, the “Pusan perimeter.” That same month MacArthur launched a surprise invasion.. Troops came north from Pusan and from an amphibious landing from Inchon.
North Korea Retreats The amphibious landing led by MacArthur was a huge success. UN troops push all the way to the Yalu River Soldiers entering South Korea at Inchon ->