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American Dream & A legend --- Lecture I. American Dream.

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Presentation on theme: "American Dream & A legend --- Lecture I. American Dream."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Dream & A legend --- Lecture I

2 American Dream

3 The Beginning of the Country Mayflower In December 1620, with snow already flying, Mayflower dropped anchor off Cape Cod. Fifty men, twenty women and thirty- four children driven from England finally came to the new land where they could enjoy their religious freedom to the full.

4 Basic American Beliefs We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed ( 赋予) by Creator with certain inalienable (不 可剥夺的) rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed ( 赋予) by Creator with certain inalienable (不 可剥夺的) rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. --- The Declaration of Independence

5 Chinese Version 我们认为下面所说的都是极明显的真 理 : 所有的人生而平等, 造物者赋予他们若干 不可剥夺的权利, 其中包括生命、自由和对 幸福的追求。 --- 《独立宣言》 --- 《独立宣言》

6 Six Basic Beliefs 1. individual freedom 2. self-reliance 3. equality of opportunity 4. competition 5. material wealth 6. hard work

7 What is American Dream?

8 What Is American Dream ★ ( Improving financial situation) 1. getting out of poverty 2. getting good education for kids 3. opening one’s own business 4. getting very rich ★ ( Improving social status) 5. living upper-class lives 6. becoming a senator or something 7. becoming the President

9 The Great Depression ---From Prosperity to Poverty

10 America began the year 1929 flushed with optimism. Business had never been better; the stock market continued to climb; and easy credit helped a free flow of goods, jobs, and money. It seemed that America had found the secret of prolonged prosperity. By autumn, however, clouds appeared unexpectedly. The Wall Street stock market crash on Oct. 21, 1929 resulted in the Great Depression, the worst economic downturn in the Unites States.

11 America’s Retreat After WWI USA failed to join the League of Nations; After WWI USA failed to join the League of Nations; Raised tariffs on European imports; Raised tariffs on European imports; Restricted European immigration for the first time. Quotas already existed for Asian migration but European immigration had been uncapped. Restricted European immigration for the first time. Quotas already existed for Asian migration but European immigration had been uncapped.

12 Prosperity: The Roaring 1920s Mass production developed as business strategy to increase output and reduce dependence on skilled labor. Mass production developed as business strategy to increase output and reduce dependence on skilled labor. Mass consumption: New home appliances flooded the market, often offered on credit. Washing machines, refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers and irons offered people an irresistible chance to change their lives. Mass consumption: New home appliances flooded the market, often offered on credit. Washing machines, refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers and irons offered people an irresistible chance to change their lives.

13 Prelude to a Nightmare As America prospered the gap between rich and poor widened.As America prospered the gap between rich and poor widened. Prices on goods rose but wages did not. Demand for goods fell, workers were laid off and the downward spiral continued.Prices on goods rose but wages did not. Demand for goods fell, workers were laid off and the downward spiral continued. The economy began to slow by 1928.The economy began to slow by 1928.

14 Prelude to a Nightmare Fierce speculation in the 1920’s had lifted the stock market to unrealistic heights. Fierce speculation in the 1920’s had lifted the stock market to unrealistic heights. Investors borrowed large sums of money on margin, i.e., without collateral. Investors borrowed large sums of money on margin, i.e., without collateral. When large numbers of investors began to sell, believing that stock prices were inflated, loans were called due. Everybody sold and stocks plummeted. When large numbers of investors began to sell, believing that stock prices were inflated, loans were called due. Everybody sold and stocks plummeted.

15 Depression Massive Bank Failures Massive Bank Failures Deflation (Disaster for those in debt - especially farmers) Deflation (Disaster for those in debt - especially farmers) Massive unemployment Massive unemployment Drought - Dust Storms. Drought - Dust Storms.

16 The trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange just after the crash of On Black Tuesday, October twenty-ninth, the market collapsed. In a single day, sixteen million shares were traded----and thirty billion dollars vanished ( disappear ) into thin air. The "Era of Getting Rich Quick" was over. Jack Dempsey, America's first millionaire athlete, lost $3 million. Cynical (suspecting and questioning) New York hotel clerks asked incoming guests, "You want a room for sleeping or jumping?"

17 I saw and approached the hungry and desperate (feeling that one has no hope and is ready to do anything to change the bad situation one is in) mother, as if drawn by a magnet. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions. I made five exposures, working closer and closer from the same direction. I did not ask her name or her history. She told me her age, that she was thirty-two. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food. There she sat in that lean- to tent with her children huddled around her, and seemed to know that my pictures might help her, and so she helped me. There was a sort of equality about it.

18 Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother," destitute (without money, food, a home or possessions) in a pea picker's camp, because of the failure of the early pea crop. These people had just sold their tent in order to buy food. Most of the 2,500 people in this camp were destitute. By the end of the decade there were still 4 million migrants on the road.

19 Police Guard the Banks

20 Unemployment Line

21 They used to tell me I was building a dream. And so I followed the mob. When there was earth to plow or guns to bear I was always there right on the job. They used to tell me I was building a dream With peace and glory ahead. Why should I be standing in line Just waiting for bread? Once I built a railroad, I made it run Made it race against time. Once I built a railroad and now it's done Brother, can you spare a dime? Once I built a tower way up to the sun With bricks and mortar and lime Once I built a railroad and now it's done Brother, can you spare a dime? Once in khaki suits, gee we looked swell Full of that yankee doodle dee dum. Half a million boots went sloggin' through hell And I was the kid with the drum! Say don't you remember? You called me Al. It was Al all the time. Why don't you remember? I was your pal. Buddy, can you spare a dime? Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?

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25 Jobs Bureau, L.A.

26 The Story of Perseverance The Great Depression The Retreat of national economy The three misplaced men The misevaluated horse The unfailing perseverance

27 Once the owner of a bicycle shop, Charles Howard became the most successful Buick dealer in the West. But cars that brought him success and fortune ended up stealing the thing he loved most.

28 A cowboy , Tom Smith has great insights in horse-raising and horse training. In love with riding, He seemed obsolete and a walking relic in the New World.

29 Born in a previously lively and prosperous family, he was not spared during the harsh time of the country. Beaten down and determined, Johnny learned to look out for himself and to trust no one.

30 Considered as a lazy, under-weighted and untalented loser, Seabiscuit was beaten up and down and had became stubborn and reckless and he was on his way to be discarded.

31 This is a famous horse, which was seabiscuit’s rival in the famous match race.

32 The match race became much more than a competition between two champion animals and their riders --- it grew into a contest of two worlds: the east coast establishment of bankers and their beautiful horses versus a nation of downtrodden but spirited have-nots who championed a ragtag team of three displaced men and their unlikely challenger.

33 Red’s friend and fellow jockey, who rode Seabiscuit after Red’s injury. He was called “Iceman”.

34 Charles’ second wife and she was the one who started Charles’ interest in horse- riding and horse- racing.

35 New Words ★ jockey ★ breeze ★ hole ★ border town ★ break ★ lead pony 骑师 试骑(马) 突破的机会 边城 冲刺 头马

36 New Words ★ extra ★ colt ★ furlong ★ cart horse ★ draw 马驹,小公马 号外 拉车的马 平手,平局 弗隆,赛马中的长度单位, 220 码或 201 公尺

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