Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement In what ways were African Americans treated as second class citizens?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement In what ways were African Americans treated as second class citizens?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement In what ways were African Americans treated as second class citizens?

2 Slavery Slaves were considered property of their owners. Slaves were considered property of their owners. They often bought and sold at auction. They often bought and sold at auction. It was against the law to educate a slave. It was against the law to educate a slave. Slaves could be whipped, beaten, raped, or killed. Slaves could be whipped, beaten, raped, or killed.

3 Hard Times Slaves lived at a subsistence level with minimal clothing, shelter, and food. Slaves lived at a subsistence level with minimal clothing, shelter, and food. They worked long hours in the fields for up to 15 hours per day. They worked long hours in the fields for up to 15 hours per day.

4 Slavery is Abolished The emancipation proclamation freed slaves only in Confederate controlled territory. The emancipation proclamation freed slaves only in Confederate controlled territory. The 13 th amendment freed all slaves at the end of the war.

5 Citizenship The 14 th amendment made former slaves citizens of their state and country. The 14 th amendment made former slaves citizens of their state and country. They were supposed to receive equal protection under the laws. They were supposed to receive equal protection under the laws.

6 Post Civil War Repression The KKK was set up to terrorize black citizens and establish a white power structure in the south. Black leaders were beaten, tortured, and murdered if they challenged southern tradition. White government officials and police used the KKK terrorist activities to keep themselves in power.

7 Share cropping Landless and impoverished freemen were forced to pay a portion of their crops to the plantation owner each year as rent. Landless and impoverished freemen were forced to pay a portion of their crops to the plantation owner each year as rent. The sharecroppers quickly fell into debt. The sharecroppers quickly fell into debt.

8 Vagrancy Laws When share croppers fell into debt with the white plantation owners they could not leave the plantation. When share croppers fell into debt with the white plantation owners they could not leave the plantation. Black people who were off the plantation were arrested under state vagrancy laws because they owed money and did not have jobs. Black people who were off the plantation were arrested under state vagrancy laws because they owed money and did not have jobs. White people refused to hire freed slaves for any work other than manual labor. White people refused to hire freed slaves for any work other than manual labor.

9 Voting Rights The 15 th amendment was supposed to give black males the right to vote in all local, state, and federal elections. Voting restrictions were set up as reconstruction ended. The 15 th amendment was supposed to give black males the right to vote in all local, state, and federal elections. Voting restrictions were set up as reconstruction ended.

10 Voting Restrictions The Grandfather clause required black citizens to prove that their ancestors had voted in previous elections in order to vote. The poll tax was a fee that had to be paid by freed slaves in order participate in elections.

11 Literacy Tests Under state law a local registration official could choose to have any person take a literacy test. This test was up to ten pages long and required the citizen to interpret the state Constitution. Under state law a local registration official could choose to have any person take a literacy test. This test was up to ten pages long and required the citizen to interpret the state Constitution. Only African Americans would be given the test. The county official would determine if the answers were acceptable. All black people were failed. Only African Americans would be given the test. The county official would determine if the answers were acceptable. All black people were failed.

12 Injustice Without the right to vote black citizens could not hold office or sit on juries. Without the right to vote black citizens could not hold office or sit on juries. Any black person accused of a crime was usually found guilty by all white juries. Any black person accused of a crime was usually found guilty by all white juries. Lynch mobs would kill innocent blacks and nobody would be convicted of these hate crimes. Lynch mobs would kill innocent blacks and nobody would be convicted of these hate crimes.

13 Lynch Mob

14 Segregation Separating people by Race Segregation Separating people by Race The Plessey vs. Ferguson decision established a legal system of segregation. The Plessey vs. Ferguson decision established a legal system of segregation. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled separate railroad cars did not violate the 14 th amendment as long as separate facilities were equal. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled separate railroad cars did not violate the 14 th amendment as long as separate facilities were equal. As a result states passed a series of segregation laws which became known as Black codes or Jim Crow laws. As a result states passed a series of segregation laws which became known as Black codes or Jim Crow laws.

15 Which types of public places were segregated under state law? Schools Schools Hospitals Hospitals Prisons Prisons Hotels Hotels Stores Stores Restaurants Restaurants Pools Pools Parks Parks

16 Jim Crow continued Busses Busses Cemeteries Cemeteries Neighborhoods Neighborhoods Drinking fountains Drinking fountains Game Rooms Game Rooms Doctors offices Doctors offices All public spaces All public spaces

17 Black people were treated as second class citizens. Uneducated blacks had no chance to compete for jobs and housing because of this injustice. Uneducated blacks had no chance to compete for jobs and housing because of this injustice. Segregation destroyed people’s sense of self worth. Segregation destroyed people’s sense of self worth.

18 Survival De jure segregation kept African Americans powerless and poor in the south. De jure segregation kept African Americans powerless and poor in the south. De facto segregation had the same impact in the north. De facto segregation had the same impact in the north. Jobless and underpaid blacks suffered from poor housing, poverty, hunger, disease, and terrorism. Jobless and underpaid blacks suffered from poor housing, poverty, hunger, disease, and terrorism.

19 The Civil Rights Movement Dr Martin Luther King Jr. was a black Baptist minister who preached that the way to stop the evils of racism was through act of non- violent civil disobedience. Dr Martin Luther King Jr. was a black Baptist minister who preached that the way to stop the evils of racism was through act of non- violent civil disobedience.

20 Non Violent Civil Disobedience This tactic was copied from Gandhi who led a movement to get Independence for India and Pakistan against British Imperialism. This tactic was copied from Gandhi who led a movement to get Independence for India and Pakistan against British Imperialism.

21 Non violent Civil Disobedience Protesters were taught to break evil laws in order to get them changed. Protesters were taught to break evil laws in order to get them changed. They were to respond to attacks and arrest by not fighting back. They were to respond to attacks and arrest by not fighting back.

22 Black people made up less than 10% of the population. Whites controlled the government, police, prisons, courts, and military. Whites controlled the government, police, prisons, courts, and military. Television coverage of attacks on peaceful protesters would cause white citizens to demand change in the laws. Television coverage of attacks on peaceful protesters would cause white citizens to demand change in the laws.

23 Montgomery Bus Boycott Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. organized thousands of protesters to stop riding segregated busses. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. organized thousands of protesters to stop riding segregated busses. The Supreme Court ordered the city to integrate the buses. The Supreme Court ordered the city to integrate the buses.

24 Brown Vs. Board of Education In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the doctrine of separate but equal in the public schools. In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the doctrine of separate but equal in the public schools.

25 Resistance Orval Fabus the Governor of Arkansas tried to keep schools segregated. Orval Fabus the Governor of Arkansas tried to keep schools segregated. President Eisehenhower used federal troops to enforce the decision President Eisehenhower used federal troops to enforce the decision

26 Freedom Riders IN the early 60’s freedom riders rode integrated busses into the south. These busses were fire bombed and riders were attacked.

27 Sit In This type of protest involved thousands of people who would allow themselves to get arrested while breaking Jim crow laws. This type of protest involved thousands of people who would allow themselves to get arrested while breaking Jim crow laws. They would fill the jails until the city gave in to demands. They would fill the jails until the city gave in to demands.

28 March on Birmingham Young people marched through Birmingham Alabama to protest segregation. Young people marched through Birmingham Alabama to protest segregation. They were attacked by police dogs and fire hoses. Thousands were arrested. They were attacked by police dogs and fire hoses. Thousands were arrested.

29 Kennedy’s civil Rights address President Kennedy supported a bill that would outlaw various forms of segregation across the nation. After his murder President Johnson managed to pass it through the Congress. President Kennedy supported a bill that would outlaw various forms of segregation across the nation. After his murder President Johnson managed to pass it through the Congress.

30 Assassinations The Mississippi leader of the NAACP, Medger Evers was shot dead by a Klan leader on the same night as the President’s speech. The Mississippi leader of the NAACP, Medger Evers was shot dead by a Klan leader on the same night as the President’s speech. The all white juries could not deliver a guilty verdict. The all white juries could not deliver a guilty verdict.

31 March on Washington In 1963 over 250,000 protesters marched on Washington D.C. In 1963 over 250,000 protesters marched on Washington D.C. This march convinced Congress to pass the civil rights act of This march convinced Congress to pass the civil rights act of 1964.

32 Civil Rights act of 1964 This Federal law outlawed segregation in all states. This Federal law outlawed segregation in all states. It also outlawed job and promotional discrimination based on race or sexual gender. It also outlawed job and promotional discrimination based on race or sexual gender.

33 KKK backlash Shortly after the passage of the 1964 civil rights act the KKK in Birmingham exploded a bomb in a Baptist church where the children's march had been organized killing several children. Shortly after the passage of the 1964 civil rights act the KKK in Birmingham exploded a bomb in a Baptist church where the children's march had been organized killing several children.

34 Voting Rights act in Selma (Bloody Sunday) Governor George Wallace ordered State troopers to stop a voting rights march in Alabama. Governor George Wallace ordered State troopers to stop a voting rights march in Alabama. Marchers were gassed and beaten outraging the nation.

35 Voting Rights act of 1965 The voting rights act outlawed literacy test as a voting barrier. The voting rights act outlawed literacy test as a voting barrier. Federal officials were sent south to take over the registration of blacks. Federal officials were sent south to take over the registration of blacks.

36 Civil Rights act of 1968 This law outlawed housing discrimination in selling and renting properties. This law outlawed housing discrimination in selling and renting properties. For the first time wealthy minorities could live outside the ghettos. For the first time wealthy minorities could live outside the ghettos.

37 MLK Assignation In 1968 Dr. King was shot dead in Memphis on the balcony of his hotel. In 1968 Dr. King was shot dead in Memphis on the balcony of his hotel. Outraged black citizens started race riots in cities across the country. Outraged black citizens started race riots in cities across the country.

38 Violent resistance Groups like the Black panthers and Black Muslims preached that black people had a right to use violence to protect themselves and take control of their communities Groups like the Black panthers and Black Muslims preached that black people had a right to use violence to protect themselves and take control of their communities Race riots spread across the country. Race riots spread across the country.

39 Race riots of the late 1960’s. Police brutality and slow progress contributed to race riots in over 100 cities. Police brutality and slow progress contributed to race riots in over 100 cities. Hundreds of people were killed or injured when national guard units were brought in to restore order. Hundreds of people were killed or injured when national guard units were brought in to restore order.

40 Newark/Watts/Detroit/ York

41 Signs of progress Over time the Civil Rights acts of 64’, 65’ and 68 have helped more minorities get out of poverty. Over time the Civil Rights acts of 64’, 65’ and 68 have helped more minorities get out of poverty. A significant education and income gap still exists today. A significant education and income gap still exists today. Many Africa Americans are still poorly educated today and lag behind whites in income earning potential. Many Africa Americans are still poorly educated today and lag behind whites in income earning potential.


Download ppt "Slavery and the Civil Rights Movement In what ways were African Americans treated as second class citizens?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google