Presentation on theme: "The Sit –in Movement Section 2 : The Movement Gains Ground"— Presentation transcript:
1The Sit –in Movement Section 2 : The Movement Gains Ground Greensboro, N.C. – Woolworth’s Dept. Store 1st sit-inSit-in movement brought large numbers of idealistic, energized college students into the civil rights movementSNCC – Student Non Violent Coordinating Committeeorganized by studentsplayed key role in desegregating public facilities in Southregistered African Americans to vote in Deep South
2Civil Rights Act of 1957 Protect voting rights of African-Americans SCLC began campaign to register 2 million new African American voters primarily in the SouthFanny Lou Hammer – African American sharecropper beaten, sent to jail, evicted from her farm – all for registering to vote, urging others to register to vote.
3The Freedom-RidersPg. 479???Bus travel in South was still segregated although courts had outlawed segregation. ( Boynton vs. Virginia, 1960 )Freedom Riders – groups of white/African American college student volunteers took a 2 bus trips from Wash. D.C. to New Orleans to protest,used “white “ restrooms in bus stationssat in the front of the busEugene “Bull” Connor – Birmingham , Alabama public official, did not protect civil rights protesters from being beaten.. (Mother’s Day)
6Kennedy’s Response James Meredith - Forbids federal government from discriminating against African-Americans in hiring & promotions.Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) - tightened laws against segregated bus terminals.James Meredith -African-American Air Force veteran applied to Univ. of Mississippi (Ole Miss)Attended classes under eye of federal soldiers until graduation
7Civil Rights Act of 1964 George Wallace – governor of Alabama, blocked entrance to Univ. of Alabama from 2 African American students entering.Medgar Evers – African American activist from Mississippi murdered.
8Violence in Birmingham Spring - 1963 MLK decides that more demonstrations are needed to get Pres. Kennedy to become more active in supporting civil rights.MLK stages protests in Birmingham AL.“Bull” Connor was now running for mayor.King gets arrested, - writes Letter from Birmingham while in jailKing released, protests started up again. Bull Connor responds with force, used dogs. High pressure hoses and clubs on protesters.
12Bill Becomes Law John Kennedy is assassinated. President Johnson and some members of Congress trying to get civil rights passed.Some Southern Congressional members tried to block passage of bill through filibustering.Filibuster – lawmakers give long speeches to hold up legislative business.Cloture- Congress caucuses to break filibusterSen. Strom Thurmond - Spoke for 24 hrs. 18 mins.
13Bill Becomes LawLyndon Johnson becomes president, is able to convince Congress to pass Civil Rights Bill of 1964Civil Rights Bill of 1964 – broad powers given to federal government to prevent racial discrimination. :Equal access to all public facilities.Established EEOCSegregation illegal in most places of public accommodations.Gave U.S. attorney general more power to bring lawsuits to force school desegregation, and charges of job discriminationRequired private employers to end discrimination in workplace.