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Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans This is the third of nine revision topics. America and the Cold War.

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Presentation on theme: "Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans This is the third of nine revision topics. America and the Cold War."— Presentation transcript:

1 Broadwater School History Department 1 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans This is the third of nine revision topics. America and the Cold War America in the 1950s: Affluent Society Black Americans in the 1950s Kennedy and the New Frontier Civil Rights to Black Power Defeat in Vietnam Cold War to Détente Nixon and Watergate How to use this Revision Presentation. The Presentation is divided into four sections. Spend about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, label them clearly and keep them all in one place. Return to this Presentation often to help embed your learning.

2 Broadwater School History Department 2 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans There are four sections to this topic. Segregation Causes of Change Topeka and Little Rock Montgomery and MLK Spend about 10 minutes revising each section. Write Revision Notes, title them clearly and keep them all in one place.

3 Broadwater School History Department 3 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans These are the sections of this topic. Segregation Causes of Change Topeka and Little Rock Montgomery and MLK When you have finished, go to the next page to check.

4 Broadwater School History Department 4 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Here are the sections of this topic. Segregation Causes of Change Topeka and Little Rock Montgomery and MLK Pause the presentation and write the list.

5 Broadwater School History Department 5 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the list correctly. Segregation Causes of Change Topeka and Little Rock Montgomery and MLK Now move on to learn some facts about each one.

6 Broadwater School History Department 6 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out this revision list. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

7 Broadwater School History Department 7 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list from memory. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

8 Broadwater School History Department 8 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

9 Broadwater School History Department 9 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Now read the notes for the revision list. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

10 Broadwater School History Department 10 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list again, from memory. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the section.

11 Broadwater School History Department 11 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Segregation Black people were kept separate from whites. Black Americans had inferior facilities and opportunities: separate waiting rooms in bus stations, separate restaurants, schools, hospitals, launderettes and drinking fountains. Segregated schools for Black children were not as well equipped. It was difficult for Black Americans to get better paid jobs as they were discriminated against. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page on why it was hard to end segregation.

12 Broadwater School History Department 12 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out this revision list. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

13 Broadwater School History Department 13 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list from memory. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

14 Broadwater School History Department 14 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death.. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

15 Broadwater School History Department 15 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Now read the notes for the revision list. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death.. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

16 Broadwater School History Department 16 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list again, from memory. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the section.

17 Broadwater School History Department 17 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Why it was difficult to end Segregation It was difficult to end segregation because it formed part of the southern way of life. Segregation went back to the days of slavery and as a result white Americans viewed Blacks as inferior. Segregation was supported by laws in the south, which Blacks were unable to change, because they did not have the vote and the Federal Government was unwilling to challenge it until the 1950s. Attempts to speak out against segregation took great bravery and were met with violence and sometimes death. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page on why it was hard to end segregation.

18 Broadwater School History Department 18 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out this revision list. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

19 Broadwater School History Department 19 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list from memory. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

20 Broadwater School History Department 20 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

21 Broadwater School History Department 21 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Now read the notes for the revision list. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

22 Broadwater School History Department 22 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list from memory. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

23 Broadwater School History Department 23 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check you have written out the revision list correctly. Causes of Change The experience of WW2, when Black Americans had fought for freedom and democracy, yet were denied it when they came home. Emmett Till was beaten to death who wolf-whistling a white woman in Mississippi. His murderers were acquitted by a southern Jury. The outrage in the black community led to the start of the Civil Rights Movement. The leadership of individuals, like Martin Luther King (MLK). The success of peaceful protests at Montgomery and Little Rock. Television, which showed the segregation in a bad light.. When you have checked, move to the next page about Topeka and Little Rock.

24 Broadwater School History Department 24 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out this revision list. Topeka and Little Rock Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. May 1954, segregation in education declared illegal by the Supreme Court (top legal court in the USA). Southern States resist integration (mixing) of children in schools. Ku Klux Klan active in terrorising Blacks with beatings and lynchings Little Rock High School decided to let nine black students enrol. Orval Faubus, State Governor, used National Guardsmen to keep them out. Students unprotected from a violent mob of white adults and students. Next day allowed in, with a police escort. Press and world TV coverage embarrassed President Eisenhower. National Guard and Federal Troops used to protect the nine for the rest of the year. Significance of Little Rock President became involved to guarantee Civil Rights. States would be over-ruled by Federal Government. TV and newspaper coverage embarrassed USA into change. Many Americans made aware for the first time of the racism in the south. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

25 Broadwater School History Department 25 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list. Topeka and Little Rock Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. May 1954, segregation in education declared illegal by the Supreme Court (top legal court in the USA). Southern States resist integration (mixing) of children in schools. Ku Klux Klan active in terrorising Blacks with beatings and lynchings Little Rock High School decided to let nine black students enrol. Orval Faubus, State Governor, used National Guardsmen to keep them out. Students unprotected from a violent mob of white adults and students. Next day allowed in, with a police escort. Press and world TV coverage embarrassed President Eisenhower. National Guard and Federal Troops used to protect the nine for the rest of the year. Significance of Little Rock President became involved to guarantee Civil Rights. States would be over-ruled by Federal Government. TV and newspaper coverage embarrassed USA into change. Many Americans made aware for the first time of the racism in the south. Pause Now! When you have finished, move on to the next page.

26 Broadwater School History Department 26 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Now read the notes for the revision list. Topeka and Little Rock Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. May 1954, segregation in education declared illegal by the Supreme Court (top legal court in the USA). Southern States resist integration (mixing) of children in schools. Ku Klux Klan active in terrorising Blacks with beatings and lynchings Little Rock High School decided to let nine black students enrol. Orval Faubus, State Governor, used National Guardsmen to keep them out. Students unprotected from a violent mob of white adults and students. Next day allowed in, with a police escort. Press and world TV coverage embarrassed President Eisenhower. National Guard and Federal Troops used to protect the nine for the rest of the year. Significance of Little Rock President became involved to guarantee Civil Rights. States would be over-ruled by Federal Government. TV and newspaper coverage embarrassed USA into change. Many Americans made aware for the first time of the racism in the south. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

27 Broadwater School History Department 27 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list. Topeka and Little Rock Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. May 1954, segregation in education declared illegal by the Supreme Court (top legal court in the USA). Southern States resist integration (mixing) of children in schools. Ku Klux Klan active in terrorising Blacks with beatings and lynchings Little Rock High School decided to let nine black students enrol. Orval Faubus, State Governor, used National Guardsmen to keep them out. Students unprotected from a violent mob of white adults and students. Next day allowed in, with a police escort. Press and world TV coverage embarrassed President Eisenhower. National Guard and Federal Troops used to protect the nine for the rest of the year. Significance of Little Rock President became involved to guarantee Civil Rights. States would be over-ruled by Federal Government. TV and newspaper coverage embarrassed USA into change. Many Americans made aware for the first time of the racism in the south. Pause Now! When you have finished, move on to the next page.

28 Broadwater School History Department 28 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check your learning of the revision list. Topeka and Little Rock Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. May 1954, segregation in education declared illegal by the Supreme Court (top legal court in the USA). Southern States resist integration (mixing) of children in schools. Ku Klux Klan active in terrorising Blacks with beatings and lynchings Little Rock High School High School decided to let nine black students to enrol. Orval Faubus, State Governor, used National Guardsmen to keep them out. Students unprotected from a violent mob of white adults and students. Next day allowed in, with a police escort. Press and world TV coverage embarrassed President Eisenhower. National Guard and Federal Troops used to protect the nine for the rest of the year. Significance of Little Rock President became involved to guarantee Civil Rights. States would be over-ruled by Federal Government. TV and newspaper coverage embarrassed USA into change. Many Americans made aware for the first time of the racism in the south. Pause Now! When ready, go to the next part about the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

29 Broadwater School History Department 29 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out this revision list. Montgomery and MLK December 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Arrested and fined $10. Friends and family start a 24 hour protest. Black passengers account for 75% of passengers, so protest extended. One of the leaders was a young black minister, Martin Luther King (MLK). King believed that mass non-violent protest was the best way to resist injustice. Homes of leading blacks attacked. King’s home bombed. November 1956, Supreme Court rules that segregated buses are illegal. 20th December desegregated buses in Montgomery. Importance: First civil rights victory, began the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) Brought M L King to leadership of the movement Established non-violent protest. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

30 Broadwater School History Department 30 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list again. Montgomery and MLK December 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Arrested and fined $10. Friends and family start a 24 hour protest. Black passengers account for 75% of passengers, so protest extended. One of the leaders was a young black minister, Martin Luther King (MLK). King believed that mass non-violent protest was the best way to resist injustice. Homes of leading blacks attacked. King’s home bombed. November 1956, Supreme Court rules that segregated buses are illegal. 20th December desegregated buses in Montgomery. Importance: First civil rights victory, began the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) Brought M L King to leadership of the movement Established non-violent protest. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

31 Broadwater School History Department 31 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Now read the notes for the revision list. Montgomery and MLK December 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Arrested and fined $10. Friends and family start a 24 hour protest. Black passengers account for 75% of passengers, so protest extended. One of the leaders was a young black minister, Martin Luther King (MLK). King believed that mass non-violent protest was the best way to resist injustice. Homes of leading blacks attacked. King’s home bombed. November 1956, Supreme Court rules that segregated buses are illegal. 20th December desegregated buses in Montgomery. Importance: First civil rights victory, began the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) Brought M L King to leadership of the movement Established non-violent protest. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

32 Broadwater School History Department 32 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Write out the revision list again. Montgomery and MLK December 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Arrested and fined $10. Friends and family start a 24 hour protest. Black passengers account for 75% of passengers, so protest extended. One of the leaders was a young black minister, Martin Luther King (MLK). King believed that mass non-violent protest was the best way to resist injustice. Homes of leading blacks attacked. King’s home bombed. November 1956, Supreme Court rules that segregated buses are illegal. 20th December desegregated buses in Montgomery. Importance: First civil rights victory, began the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) Brought M L King to leadership of the movement Established non-violent protest. Pause Now! When you have finished, move to the next page.

33 Broadwater School History Department 33 Revise for GCSE Humanities: Black Americans Check your learning of the revision list. Montgomery and MLK December 1955 Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Arrested and fined $10. Friends and family start a 24 hour protest. Black passengers account for 75% of passengers, so protest extended. One of the leaders was a young black minister, Martin Luther King (MLK). King believed that mass non-violent protest was the best way to resist injustice. Homes of leading blacks attacked. King’s home bombed. November 1956, Supreme Court rules that segregated buses are illegal. 20th December desegregated buses in Montgomery. Importance: First civil rights victory, began the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) Brought M L King to leadership of the movement Established non-violent protest. Pause Now! You have finished this unit. Keep your notes safe and come back soon.


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