Presentation on theme: "Bell Quiz (pgs. 710 – 716) 1) In what city was the first freedom riders bus attacked? 2) What year was James Meredith enrolled in Ole Miss University?"— Presentation transcript:
1Bell Quiz (pgs. 710 – 716)1) In what city was the first freedom riders bus attacked?2) What year was James Meredith enrolled in Ole Miss University?3) What was the purpose of the March on Washington D.C.?4) What was the goal of the Freedom Summer project?5) Who was the voice of the MFDP at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
2Answers 1) Anniston, Alabama 2) 1962 3) To persuade Congress to pass Kennedy’s civil rights bill.4) To influence Congress to pass voting rights acts and register as many African American voters as possible.5) Fannie Lou Hamer.
3Freedom RidersCivil rights activists who volunteered to ride interstate buses into the South and challenge segregation.Sponsored by CORE and SNCCThe first Freedom Ride left Washington D.C. on May 4, 1961.Arrested in Mississippi for trespassing, unlawful assembly, and violating state and local Jim Crow laws.
4Violence against Freedom Riders Anniston, Alabama 200 angry whites attacked and firebombed a freedom rider bus.The Riders were beaten as they fled the burning bus.Other Freedom Riders were beaten by KKK members in Birmingham under the orders of Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor.
5SNCC takes over the freedom rides May 17th 1961 a new set of riders took a bus to Birmingham where they were beaten and arrested.Reports of the bus burning and beatings reached U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy.May 20th the riders set out for Montgomery again with same result.
6Outcome Newspapers throughout the nation reported the violence. President Kennedy sent 400 U.S. marshals to protect the riders on the rest of the trip.The attorney general and the Interstate Commerce Commission banned segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
7James Meredith and Ole Miss University October 1, 1962, Meredith became the first black student at Ole Miss.His enrollment was opposed by Governor Ross Barnett.President Kennedy ordered federal marshals to escort Meredith onto campus; resulting in a campus wide riot.The riots resulted in two deaths, 200 arrests and took federal troops 15 hours to regain control.
8Freedom SummerA campaign to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi.Organized by the NAACP, CORE, the SCLC and SNCCThe goal was to influence Congress to pass voting rights acts.June, three civil rights workers were abducted, tortured and killed by Klansmen and local police from Philadelphia, Mississippi.
9Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) SNCC organized the MFDP in order to win seats at the 1964 Democratic National Convention from Mississippi’s all-white Democratic Party.Fannie Lou Hamer was the voice of MFDP.MFDP gained 2 of the 68 seats.
10March on Washington D.C.CORE, SNCC, the SCLC, and the NAACP organized the march on D.C. to persuade Congress to pass President Kennedy’s civil rights bill.Approximately 250,000 people took part in the march.Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech
11The Selma Campaign1965, the SCLC conducted a major voting rights campaign in Selma, AL2,000 African Americans were arrested in demonstrations and one person was killed.MLK organized a protest march from Selma to Montgomery.Police beat and used tear gas on the demonstrators.President Johnson asked Congress to pass new voting rights acts swiftly.Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965.