Presentation on theme: "Subjunctive Mood If I only had a brain.... First thing first… How can a verb have a “mood”? – According to Troyka and Hesse, “Mood in verbs conveys an."— Presentation transcript:
First thing first… How can a verb have a “mood”? – According to Troyka and Hesse, “Mood in verbs conveys an attitude toward the action in a sentence.” – In English, there are three moods: Indicative, Imperative, and Subjunctive.
*Important Side Note* The Subjunctive Mood is being used less and less in every day dialogue but still must be known for academic writing. The Hodges’ Harbrace Handbook states that “Although you may not use the subjunctive when you are speaking with friends, using it in your writing shows your readers how you feel about your claims.” So here we go!!!!
When to use the Subjunctive Mood The Subjunctive mood is used when the verb is trying to express the following: – Speculation – Indirect Requests – Demands – Wishes – Unlikely events – Recommendations
The Use of the Subjunctive Mood in present and past tense. Present Subjunctive: Use the SIMPLE forms of verbs. – Example: It is important that they be [not are] allowed back stage for the Cheap Trick concert. Past Subjunctive: Use the SIMPLE PAST forms of verbs. – Examples: If I only had a brain. EXCEPTION: Use were for present and past tense Subjunctive. – Examples: I wish they were coming home today. (Present) – Examples: We asked if we were allowed to skip school. (Past)
Key words in finding and using the subjunctive mood If As If As Though Unless
The Subjunctive Mood in If, As If, As Though, & Unless Clauses Used as Dependent Clauses – A dependent clause contains a subject and a predicate but can’t stand alone as a sentence. Usually adverb or adjective clauses. Describes speculations or conditions contrary to fact. – Examples: If it were to snow, our flight would be canceled. We will never be friends again, unless she were to apologize. NOTE!!! Not every clause introduced with these key words will be subjunctive. Make sure the clause expresses a speculation or a condition contrary to fact.
The Subjunctive Mood in That Clauses That clauses are used to describe wishes, requests, demands, or recommendations. – Examples: I wish that I had seen Blink-182. She recommended that I see a doctor.
Modal Auxiliary Verbs in the Subjunctive (or helping verbs) Modal Auxiliary Verbs: would, could, might, & should. These words can convey speculation and therefore are used in the Subjunctive Mood. – Examples: If I were a little bit taller, I would be a baller. She might lie to my face, as if I were nothing. NOTE: Do NOT use a modal auxiliary verb in both the dependent and independent clause.
Indicative vs. Subjunctive Conjugation Present Tense SingularPlural I AmWe Are You Are He, She, It Is They Are SingularPlural That I BeThat We Be That You Be That He, She, It, Be That They Be
Indicative vs. Subjunctive Conjugation Past Tense SingularPlural I WasWe Were You Were He, She, It Was They Were SingularPlural If I WereIf We Were If You Were If She, He, It Were If They Were
Practice! Choose the correct subjunctive verb form to complete the following sentence. If he _____ in better shape, he would be a great addition to our football team. – A. would have been B. were C. would be D. was The coach asked that each player ____ twice a day. – A. would practice B. practice C. practiced The coach of the Cane Ridge Raven’s football team required that each student _____ for their ticket to the game on Friday. – A. paid B. pay C. had paid We wished that we _____ Riverdale’s team. – A. beat B. had beaten C. would have beaten
Answers! If he were in better shape, he would be a great addition to our football team. The coach asked that each player practice twice each day. The coach of the Cane Ridge Raven’s required that each student pay for their ticket to the game on Friday. We wished that we had beaten Riverdale’s rugby team.
Post-Assignment Please write a paragraph containing at least five uses of the Subjunctive Mood. You can write your paragraph over the following topics or with a topic of your choice. – What if you were a millionaire? – What would you do if you were a genie? – How would your life now be different if you were living in America during the 1970s?