Presentation on theme: "Bio- Gregory Penner Soy 20/20 Project May 27 th, 2005 mass to Chemistry toCars."— Presentation transcript:
Bio- Gregory Penner Soy 20/20 Project May 27 th, 2005 mass to Chemistry toCars
Overview How did petroleum win? Targets where biomass could be competitive A glimpse of the future What do we need to do?
The 20 th century belonged to petroleum. Most intermediate chemicals are made from petroleum. An average car contains 275 lbs of plastic. 2,250 Ontario plastics companies, shipped $14.7 B in products in 2003.
How did we get here? Petroleum was discovered in Ontario in 1858.
Oil has always beaten agricultural biomass on price.
Specific targets 1.) Automotive coatings
Dupont SuperSolids TM Paint Reduce VOC emissions 25% Works with existing equipment. Based on vinyl monomer with branched glutaric acid.
A bio-based source? Vegetable oil is composed of fatty acids. Stearic acid 18:0
Double bonds provide an opportunity. Stearic becomes Oleic C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-COOH-= Ozone
Fatty acids occurring in nature.
A new engineering opportunity Design fatty acid desaturases for targeted molecules C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-COOH 20:4 divided in four 4 x Glutaric Acid
Summary An opportunity exists to make carboxylic acids from vegetable oil. Modification of plants is required. –Modification of specificity of desaturases –Modification of fatty acid composition Time will be required to create these modifications Concerns exist over the presence of industrial components in food crops
Specific Target #2 Bio-catalysis of useful chemicals