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“Of Plymouth Plantation”

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1 “Of Plymouth Plantation”
Chronicle by William Bradford

2 Who Is William Bradford?
In 1620, William Bradford joined other Separatists and non-Separatists who set sail on the Mayflower to start a new colony.

3 Historical Significance
Bradford probably helped write the Mayflower Compact, the agreement that set up the colony. Elected governor; under his thirty year leadership the colony grew into a thriving community.

4 Who Were the Separatists?
Puritanism started in the sixteenth century as a movement to reform the Church of England. Puritanism accepted the interpretations of John Calvin ( ) on the nature of man, free will and predestination, and other basic concepts.

5 These “separatists” are known today as Pilgrims
These “separatists” are known today as Pilgrims. They fled from persecution to Holland. Fearing their children forgetting their cultural roots, they migrated to America. Blown off course, they reached the tip of Cape Cod in what is now Massachusetts. The ship was marooned in Provincetown Harbor, so some of the group get out in a smaller boat to begin a settlement. A month later, it was created in Plymouth.

6 What is “Of Plymouth Plantation”?
Of Plymouth Plantation is William Bradford’s chronicle of the early years of the Pilgrims and the settlement they created. Bradford wrote the first ten chapters in 1930, beginning with their persecution in England and concluding with their landing in North America in 1620. He continued writing for seventeen years; but the work wasn’t published until 1856.

7 Literary Considerations
It is written in third, rather than first person, for Bradford probably thought of this as a history of all, rather than a personal account. It is filled with Biblical allusions, for it reflects the belief that people can overcome obstacles with faith in God.

8 Vocabulary- “Of Plymouth Plantation”
NOUNS Commodity- something useful Solace – Comfort or sorrow in distress Hue – appearance, color Providence- an instance of divine care or guidance Sentinel – a guard

9 ADJECTIVES Desolate- without inhabitants; barren Aloof – distant
Feigned- pretended; not real VERB Procure- to obtain; to get by special effort

10 As you read… What can you conclude about the Pilgrims’ way of looking at the world? Their attitude toward nature Their attitude toward God Their attitude toward Native Americans

11 Question One- Unique Diction and Syntax – Page 82
“ …after long beating at sea they fell with that land which they call Cape Cod” “Being thus arrived…” “earth…their proper element” Syntax “…for which they were not a little joyful” “But here I cannot but stay and make a pause…”

12 Two :Adjectives About the New Habitants and Continent
weather beaten Sharp Violent Desolate Wild Savage Cruel fierce TONE Negative Fear-filled Challenging Difficult Adverse Unbearable Foreboding

13 Three: Allusions God of Heaven Recorded in Scripture Top of Pisgah
Providence The Lord Providence of God What is the religious perspective of Bradford and the inhabitants? Bradford and the inhabitants believed that God was supporting their venture.

14 4. Emotional Appeals (Pathos)
Section beginning - “Being thus passed the vast ocean…” In this section, Bradford provides the future reader with a vivid picture of the hardships each new inhabitant had to face. No friends/No houses /No kindness No town to seek succor Little solace (save upward to the heavens) Mighty ocean separating them from the civil parts of the world.

15 Question 6: Modes of Discourse
Narration – tells a story Description – details and imagery Exposition – explaining something Persuasion – making an argument; trying to convince his audience to think a certain way.

16 Description Section beginning with “Being thus passed the vast ocean…” (83). In this portion of the text, Bradford uses vivid imagery and details to describe the harsh environment the new settlers were facing. (Recall the adjectives you found for question two.)

17 Exposition “The month of November….” (84).
This portion explains the way the barricade was built and why it was needed. It contains details to support the explanation.

18 Narration “So they rested…” (85) This portion features…
Action…dramatic build up….dialogue… Sequence of events (chronological order) Conflict Beginning/Middle/End.

19 Persuasion Begin with…” So as there died…”(85)
Bradford praises specific individuals, in order convincing the reader of their great contributions to their fellow inhabitants. “ fetched wood, made them fire, dressed them meat, made their beds, washed their loathsome clothes”

20 7. What was Bradford’s main purpose in writing this chronicle?
To explain what life was like for the Plymouth settlers with the use of description in a narrative style. To convince the reader that the settlers relied on faith and perseverance to survive. To convince the reader that God’s providence assisted the settlers through all their difficulties.

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